The first mentions of venereal diseases are found in Indian mythology. Their origin is unknown, but they spread almost «at the speed of light» and each nation blames others — «Italian diseases», «French smallpox», «Portuguese disease», «hussar colds. There were no names…

All sexually transmitted diseases are caused by various microorganisms: syphilis — pale treponema, gonorrhea — gonococcus, chlamydia — chlamydia, ureaplasmosis — ureaplasma, and so on. The main route of transmission of the disease is from a sick person (or carrier) to a healthy person through sexual contact, during which the pathogen penetrates the mucous membranes through microcracks.

In view of the expansion of erotic geography in recent years, there are lesions not only of the genital organs, but also of others, for example, the rectum, oral cavity, larynx, etc. The contact-household route of infection is extremely rare, and even then only in some of the sexually transmitted diseases (for example, in syphilis), but it should not be discounted either.

The manifestations of diseases can be very diverse, starting with small redness and rashes on certain organs and ending with the release of pus from the same organs and severe pain in them. Moreover, all this clinical diversity does not appear immediately, but after the so-called incubation period. It ranges from several days for gonorrhea and trichomoniasis to a month for syphilis.

Many people do not get infected at all due to good immunity, or vice versa, the disease proceeds imperceptibly, secretly for the time being.

Are sexually transmitted diseases treated? Of course. And they must be treated. If this is not done, then the disease can go into the next phase (like syphilis) or into a chronic form (like chlamydia). And then new ones will be added to the initial problems, but it will be much more difficult to treat. And venereal diseases lead to pathology of the urogenital area, infertility, affect other organs and systems: eyes, joints, rectum. Syphilis affects the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

And, finally, gentlemen, it is no longer fashionable to die from tertiary syphilis. This, you know, smacks of the 19th century.

PS If you have any questions, you can ask them to our doctors.

Alexandra Smolnaya

Published on 03/13/2014 05:42 PM, updated on 08/23/2021 07:12 PM

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Used sources

Dermatovenereology. National leadership / Ed. Yu. K. Skripkina, Yu. S. Butova, O. L. Ivanova.

Neurosyphilis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinic, laboratory diagnostics / Katunin G.L., Melekhina L.E., Frigo N.V. // Bulletin of dermatology and venereology 2013 5

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