Male menopause, or age-related androgen deficiency, is a physiological period in a man’s life, accompanied by a decrease in the concentration of androgens in the blood as a result of age-related changes. Most often, the first symptoms of male menopause occur after 50 years, but sometimes they can also appear in men who have crossed the 30-year threshold. In this article, we will look at the male menopause in terms of symptoms and treatment.
How does the male menopause manifest itself?
In 2018, scientists from the Medical Research and Education Center of Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov published a work in which it was found that the symptoms of age-related androgen deficiency in men develop gradually, which is why they do not always manifest themselves clearly, naturally merging with the general signs of old age and therefore not causing proper alertness. Only 20% of men complain of pronounced manifestations of male menopause.
Symptoms of age-related androgen deficiency can be very different. First of all, changes affect the reproductive system. Such men complain of a decrease in sexual desire, problems with erection, and a decrease in the sensitivity of the penis. Some of them experience premature ejaculations. Sometimes there are complaints of increased urge to urinate, the release of a weak stream of urine.
As a result of the extinction of sexual function, men experience severe psychological stress. Against this background, they become irritable, often in a depressed, depressed mood. The clinical picture is supplemented by increased weakness and fatigue, memory problems, autonomic disorders, for example, in the form of hot flashes, profuse sweating, and so on.
There are also changes in the work of the cardiovascular system. There may be complaints about the sensation of palpitations, pain in the region of the heart, and so on. During this period, the risk of developing atherosclerosis increases, which, in turn, creates an increased risk in terms of coronary heart disease, stroke, and so on.
Male menopause is often manifested by an increase in body weight, a decrease in the density of the hairline. Characterized by a decrease in skin turgor, the formation of wrinkles.
Treatment of male menopause
The primary treatment for male menopause is androgen replacement therapy. Such patients are prescribed various dosage forms of testosterone, for example, tablets or injectable preparations containing this hormone.
Hormone therapy is mandatory under the supervision of a doctor. The specialist selects the treatment regimen and dose of the drug individually for each individual patient.
In addition, the treatment plan is often supplemented with various homeopathic remedies and herbal remedies, physiotherapy exercises, and various physiotherapeutic procedures. A good effect is observed when prescribing laser therapy, transcranial electrical stimulation, and so on.
It should be noted that any drug, including those that we talked about above, can only be used as prescribed by a doctor. Self-treatment of male menopause is unacceptable.
Published on 30.08.2021 10:08
Andrology. Men’s health and dysfunction of the reproductive system / Nishlag E., Bere G.M. // Moscow: Medical Information Agency (MIA) — 2005
Androgen screening in men over 50 with prostate disease / Kamalov A.A., Vasilevsky R.P., Okhobotov D.A. and etc. // Experimental and clinical urology — 2018 — #4