One of the most important and delicate issues for a woman of any age is intimate hygiene and perineal care. This is especially important in the presence of intimate infections, violations of the microbial flora, which lead to itching in the vagina, discharge, redness and irritation of the skin. These symptoms can lead to discomfort, irritability, and it is important to address them as soon as possible. Naturally, if a pathology is suspected, it is important to consult a doctor, but more attention should be paid to intimate care in special situations.
Care for delicate areas
The intimate hygiene of a woman and the care of the genital area is always a topical and very delicate issue. When using the usual hygiene products, such as regular soap or shower gel, a woman’s genitals often experience irritation, redness, a feeling of dryness and discomfort may occur. The issue becomes especially important in special periods of life — during menstruation, when carrying a child, during periods of emotional stress or treatment of gynecological infections. At this time, disruption of the normal vaginal environment can lead to severe itching in the vagina. Conventional body care and hygiene products have an alkaline pH, which causes a sharp change in acidity towards alkaline values, while the normal environment of the vagina should be slightly acidic. When the environment changes, the useful lactic acid sticks die off, which help fight harmful microbes and maintain balance inside the vagina.
What is needed for the skin and mucous membranes?
It is precisely because of the special structure and functioning of the mucous membranes in the intimate area that care for this area requires a careful selection of products that will gently and delicately care for the skin. Gynecologists do not recommend using products with dyes and flavors when washing and taking a shower, as they can cause allergies, contribute to the penetration of a yeast infection into the vagina and the development of thrush. You should not take care of the genitals with the help of ordinary bar alkaline soap, it is too aggressive for such a delicate area, the skin loses its protective hydrolipidic film due to its action, which causes dryness and redness, and if washed too hard, it also causes itching during vagina.
For daily use, as well as for special days (menstruation, exacerbation of thrush and some other troubles), today there are delicate and gentle products — foams, gels and special soap for washing.
Proper underwear — prevention of infection
One of the most common sexual problems in women is thrush, a fungal infection of the genitals. It is caused by opportunistic fungi Candida, constantly living on the skin as part of the opportunistic flora. Constant stress, decreased immunity, malnutrition with an abundance of carbohydrate and fatty foods contribute to the activation of the infection. In addition, improper care of the intimate area and wearing tight, poorly “breathing” underwear contribute to the increase in the activity of fungi.
Often, a fungal infection literally exhausts those women who like to wear lace thongs or shorts made of synthetics. Replacing linen with cotton and more comfortable leads to the fact that the problem simply disappears. This is due to the normalization of ventilation in the perineum. A fungal infection loves moisture and an abundance of secretions, an acidic environment. The thin parts of the thong panties irritate the skin of the perineum, lead to the introduction of pathogenic flora from the anus and change the microbial balance. This enhances the secretions, and the warm and humid environment created by the synthetics on the skin enhances the effect. In such conditions, the fungus actively multiplies.
What to do with redness of the skin?
A common problem with a fungal infection or the development of an allergy, as well as with irritation of the skin of the perineum by uncomfortable underwear and clothing, is its redness in the area of the external labia. Often, redness is also accompanied by itching in the vagina, which indicates the spread of inflammation to the mucous membranes. The most correct action would be to visit a doctor to find out the cause of redness, but proper perineal hygiene is no less important. It is worth abandoning soap and the usual hygiene products, replacing them with neutral, odorless products, fragrances and dyes in the composition. You need to wash yourself at least twice a day, and with severe redness and discomfort, after each urination, wash the genitals with plain cool water. Linen should be immediately changed to pure cotton and free, so that the intimate area is ventilated, stop wearing tight tight shorts and trousers. Sometimes redness occurs as a reaction to the use of panty liners or allergies to them (often due to flavorings and additional cream components).
Why does itching in the vagina not go away?
Most often, itching in the vagina occurs with the development of delicate genital infections, but if they are excluded, the cause may be hormonal imbalance, diabetes or vaginosis, thrush, or an allergy to hygiene products. It is important to see a doctor for an examination and taking smears to identify the causes of itching in the vagina. In parallel with this, the first thing to do is to change the cleanser to a more delicate and neutral pH. In addition, washing must be carried out correctly so that in the process there is no drift of dangerous microbial flora from the anus to the labia and vagina. It is forbidden to penetrate with fingers inside when washing, this leads to a violation of microbial balance and the formation of vaginosis. Often it is the wrong washing technique that causes frequent itching in the vagina. In addition, one of the options may be an allergy to food, medicines or care products, which should be immediately replaced with hypoallergenic ones.
Obstetrics / Ed. Savelieva G.M. — 2000