The structure of the female urinary organs is such that cystitis develops in women much more often than in men. This is due to the structure of the urethra, in the first place: in men, it is longer and much narrower. The inlet of the urethra can receive microtrauma and irritation during intercourse, which opens the way for infection. Inflammatory processes in the organs of the reproductive system also become a source of infection. But most often, cystitis begins from the fact that the most common E. coli penetrates from the rectum into the bladder. This happens when hygiene procedures are performed incorrectly or rarely. In women, the entrance to the vagina and anus are located close, and bacteria easily get from the anal area to the vagina, and then to the bladder through the urethral canal.
There is, however, another way of infection: pathogens with blood come from diseased kidneys or other organs where there is acute or chronic inflammation.
Complex treatment of cystitis
Do not be surprised if the doctor recommends that you undergo treatment with a dentist, undergo an examination by a gastroenterologist, consult a gynecologist. While there are inflammatory processes in the body, cystitis may recur over and over again, eventually becoming chronic.
In addition, exacerbation of the disease is often caused by hormonal changes in the female body: the onset of pregnancy or the onset of menopause.
Doctors should comprehensively examine the patient with cystitis. Based on the test results, the causative agent of the disease is determined and the most effective antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics and immunostimulants are prescribed.
Addition to drug treatment
An obligatory part of the treatment should be a sparing diet, excluding strong tea, coffee and alcohol of any strength, salinity and smoked meats, and in general all products that can irritate the mucous membrane. Plentiful drinking is recommended, especially cranberry juice or fresh juice. The patient is prescribed to spend 3-5 days in bed, applying heat to the lower abdomen and lower back.
Often physiotherapy is prescribed to speed up recovery. It is also necessary to carefully observe personal hygiene: for the duration of treatment, refuse sexual contact, wash the genitals after each trip to the toilet, take a shower instead of a bath.
Published on 04/02/2015 13:21, updated on 05/28/2021 09:05
Treatment of chronic cystitis in postmenopausal women / Davidov M.I., Petrunyaev A.I., Bunova N.E. // Urology — 2009 — #4
Treatment of acute cystitis — what’s new? / Lokshin K.L. // breast — 2009 — T. 17 No. 23
Urology. Clinical guidelines / Alyaev Yu.G., Glybochko P.V., Pushkar D.Yu. — 2016
Antibacterial therapy for acute uncomplicated cystitis / Kramarev S.A., Zakordonets L.V. // Actual infectology — 2018 — #4
Treatment of cystitis in women
Acute and chronic cystitis occurs more often in women due to the structural features of the female body. In this article we will talk about the features of the treatment of cystitis in women.
Cystitis and breastfeeding
If a nursing mother has symptoms of cystitis, it is necessary to begin treatment of the disease as soon as possible. However, it is not always necessary to resort to antibiotics.
How to treat cystitis during pregnancy?
Cystitis is one of the most common diseases related to inflammation of the bladder. There are quite horrific statistics of this disease in the world. For example, according to WHO estimates, cystitis during pregnancy occurs in 50% of women, which is explained by several reasons at once.
cystitis during pregnancy
Cystitis, like inflammation of the bladder, often develops during pregnancy. Every expectant mother should without fail carry out the prevention of this disease, as well as treat the disease on time.
Cystitis in pregnant women
According to medical statistics, about every tenth pregnant woman suffers from cystitis today. Frequent urge to urinate, pain in the lower abdomen, a feeling of an incomplete bladder after going to the toilet, cloudy urine and fever of the patient are the main symptoms of this insidious and dangerous serious complications of the disease. Why does this disease occur and how is cystitis treated in pregnant women?