When it’s hot and hot out­side, brains can turn into “jel­ly”. What not to do, even if it seems like a good idea? Tells Med­AboutMe.

1. Staying up late

In the heat, a per­son­’s well-being tra­di­tion­al­ly wors­ens, and if we add to this chron­ic lack of sleep or a night with­out sleep, the body’s resources are quick­ly deplet­ed. And when the strength is run­ning out, the risk of faint­ing or get­ting heat stroke is much high­er, as is the like­li­hood of exac­er­ba­tion of exist­ing chron­ic dis­eases.

2. Neglect sunscreen

One of the eas­i­est things a per­son should do in the sum­mer is to wear sun­screen. “Many peo­ple for­get to put them on the ears, back of the neck and legs, along the part­ing of the hair. Often they fall asleep lying on their backs in the fresh air, and then wake up with burns, ”says Bon­nie Sim­mons, ER doc­tor.

3. Go in for sports in the peak of the heat

3. Go in for sports in the peak of the heat

Some fit­ness ath­letes are sure that if you play sports in the heat, the fat burn­ing process­es will be more active: the more sweat, the bet­ter the plumb line. “But in fact, this is the worst thing you can think of,” I’m sure Dr. Sim­mons.

The fact is that sweat­ing is a nat­ur­al process of cool­ing the body. It has noth­ing to do with fat burn­ing. Also, when the body is hot, it is dif­fi­cult to stay ade­quate­ly hydrat­ed. If you want to lose weight, exer­cise ear­ly in the morn­ing or late in the evening, in which case the per­for­mance of train­ing will be high­er. By anal­o­gy, peo­ple who work in the sun dur­ing the peri­od of activ­i­ty of the lumi­nary should act, their time is before 11 o’clock in the after­noon and after 16.00.

Did you know?

There are two types of sweat glands in the human body: eccrine and apoc­rine, and hence two types of sweat. Eccrine sweat can be secret­ed through­out the body, its pecu­liar­i­ty is that it prac­ti­cal­ly does not smell. For exam­ple, the fore­head may sweat a lot, but there will be no unpleas­ant smell.

Apoc­rine sweat is secret­ed in the groin and armpits, and has a slight spe­cif­ic odor. It becomes unpleas­ant when harm­ful bac­te­ria devel­op their vital activ­i­ty on the sweaty parts of the body.

4. Driving in flip flops

From the point of view of traf­fic rules, dri­vers are not pro­hib­it­ed from dri­ving in flip flops, san­dals, and even bare feet. Most impor­tant­ly, they must be able to dri­ve safe­ly. How­ev­er, when a per­son gets behind the wheel with feet damp with sweat, the feet can slip off the ped­als, there­by putting the health of oth­er road users at risk.

Spe­cial­ists dri­ver vehi­cle Stan­dards Agency (DVSA) do not rec­om­mend dri­vers to dri­ve bare­foot, espe­cial­ly giv­en the fact that a per­son with bare feet exerts less force on the ped­als of a car than if he were in shoes.

5. Use plastic bottles to store water

Plas­tic bot­tles in the sum­mer are a real evil. True, they become them only in the heat — in con­di­tions of extreme tem­per­a­tures.

The fact is that this con­tain­er is made from poly­eth­yl­ene tereph­tha­late (PET) or poly­car­bon­ate. With strong heat­ing, haz­ardous sub­stances are released into the water, includ­ing bisphe­nol A. Accord­ing to a study ini­ti­at­ed by spe­cial­ists Uni­ver­si­ty of Flori­da in 2014, the com­pound mim­ics the action of estro­gens and may con­tribute to hor­mon­al imbal­ance in the body.

6. Leave a child or pet in the car

In the heat, the car heats up very quick­ly. The tem­per­a­ture inside a parked car can exceed 30 degrees, even with win­dows open, employ­ee data shows Humane Soci­ety of the Unit­ed States (HSUS).

Leav­ing a child or a pet “hostage” of an iron machine is a crime. If some­thing hap­pens to them while they are locked in the car, the dri­ver faces a prison sen­tence.

Did you know?

The fact that the tem­per­a­ture of the envi­ron­ment can affect the men­tal abil­i­ties of a per­son and his emo­tion­al state is a sci­en­tif­i­cal­ly proven fact. Spe­cial­ists HArvard Uni­ver­si­ty found that stu­dents who live and study in an air-con­di­tioned room show high­er aca­d­e­m­ic results.

7. Drink alcohol

7. Drink alcohol

The heat is the most dan­ger­ous time to drink alco­hol, because it is no secret that strong drinks cause dehy­dra­tion. Sweet drinks also pro­voke thirst, and if we are talk­ing about cham­pagne and wines, they also cause a headache. Strong drinks — vod­ka, cognac, tequi­la and whiskey, cause in the heat first expan­sion, and then spasm of blood ves­sels. Often this leads to over­heat­ing of the body and, as a result, to heat stroke.

It is also worth con­sid­er­ing the fact that intox­i­ca­tion in the heat comes much faster, and its neg­a­tive effects last longer. There­fore, do not be sur­prised by a severe hang­over syn­drome.

8. Eat fatty meals

Even at a pic­nic, large por­tions of heavy or fat­ty foods will not ben­e­fit the body, except to sat­is­fy hunger. Their dan­ger is that the body con­sumes a lot of ener­gy to digest them, which leads to a slight increase in tem­per­a­ture. In con­di­tions of heat and heat, this is enough to make a per­son feel worse. In addi­tion, heav­i­ness in the stom­ach and the pos­si­ble exac­er­ba­tion of dis­eases of the diges­tive tract do not con­tribute to improv­ing mood.

9. Drink sugary soda

An ice-cold soda with drops of mois­ture on a can or bot­tle is just good mar­ket­ing. It has noth­ing to do with quench­ing thirst: every­thing is just the oppo­site.

The high sug­ar con­tent in the drink makes you want to drink even more, so each sub­se­quent serv­ing of the drink can­not be the last. And giv­en the calo­rie con­tent of sweet soda, this is a direct path to weight gain, hyper­ten­sion and oth­er prob­lems.

Did you know?

In sum­mer, the body requires less food and there is a sci­en­tif­ic expla­na­tion for this. The part of the brain called the hypo­thal­a­mus is respon­si­ble for this. It is he who con­trols appetite and gives a sig­nal to the body about sati­ety. He is also respon­si­ble for the ther­moreg­u­la­tion of the body, which is of para­mount impor­tance in hot weath­er. Of the two tasks, he solves the more impor­tant first, so he can “for­get” about what to eat.

10. Ignore the expiration date of food and dishes

After cook­ing, it can be kept on the din­ing table for no more than two hours, but it is bet­ter to put it in the refrig­er­a­tor imme­di­ate­ly. At high tem­per­a­tures, the “hold time” is reduced to one hour. Oth­er­wise, the food will spoil: numer­ous bac­te­ria and fun­gi can devel­op in it, which will lead to an eat­ing dis­or­der or poi­son­ing.

As for fresh organ­ic food, it is best to put eggs, meat, fish and dairy prod­ucts in the refrig­er­a­tor right away. Do the same with per­ish­able fruits and veg­eta­bles.

11. Choosing the wrong wardrobe

11. Choosing the wrong wardrobe

This is not about fash­ion trends, but about the tex­ture and col­or of the out­fits, as well as the sil­hou­ette. In the heat, in order to avoid over­heat­ing, the body must “breathe”, so wear­ing syn­thet­ic mate­ri­als is pro­hib­it­ed. Ide­al wardrobe items are those made from linen, cot­ton, silk and oth­er nat­ur­al fab­rics. Tight-fit­ting out­fits should be replaced by semi-adja­cent or loose sil­hou­ettes. This will also allow the body to sweat less in the heat. As for col­or schemes, the lighter the clothes, the bet­ter.

12. Too much air conditioning

In hot weath­er, it is pleas­ant and com­fort­able to be in a room with a run­ning fan or air con­di­tion­er. How­ev­er, it is very impor­tant to mon­i­tor the tem­per­a­ture regime. If the tem­per­a­ture dif­fer­ence between the street and the room is 10 degrees or more, there is a high risk of hypother­mia and malaise.

5 tips for hot weather

Sum­mer is a small life. To remem­ber it with pleas­ant moments, and not with poor health and health prob­lems, fol­low the rec­om­men­da­tions:

Drink more water. You need to do this in small sips, at least every hour and a half. Do not replace water with oth­er drinks.

Stay away from the sun. Try to spend more time in the shade. Dur­ing the peak of the heat, go out­side only if absolute­ly nec­es­sary.

Be care­ful with tea and cof­fee. Just like alco­hol, these drinks can con­tribute to dehy­dra­tion if con­sumed in large quan­ti­ties. The max­i­mum for these drinks is 2–3 cups per day.

Mon­i­tor your well-being. If you feel like you’re “over­heat­ing,” find an air-con­di­tioned space such as a store, library, or fit­ness cen­ter. Stay in it until it gets bet­ter. At home, you can just take a show­er.

Take care of your loved ones. The most vul­ner­a­ble group of peo­ple in the heat are chil­dren and the elder­ly. Make sure they have water on hand and feel good.


От Yraa

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