Prolonged inflammation of the stomach, accompanied by an increase in gastric secretion, is called hyperacid gastritis. This disease is widespread among the population, accompanied by symptoms such as pain in the epigastric region, bouts of nausea and vomiting that does not bring relief, heartburn, and so on. One of the most important points in the treatment of this disease is the observance of a special diet. Below we will talk about what foods you can eat with inflammation of the gastric mucosa, consider a diet for hyperacid gastritis.
As we have already said, hyperacid gastritis is a chronically occurring pathology. Chronic gastritis is the most common chronic inflammatory disease affecting the stomach, which has been proven by scientists from the Medical Academy. S.I. Georgievsky in a paper published in 2020.
Features of nutrition for gastritis with high acidity
Hyperacid gastritis is an indication for the appointment of treatment table No. 1, which is also used for ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.
The meaning of this diet is to protect the stomach as much as possible from various irritating influences, reduce the production of hydrochloric acid, and exclude indigestible food.
The main part of the products should be consumed in grated, finely chopped, mushy form, with the exception of meat and fish (served as a whole piece).
Of the heat treatment methods, preference is given to boiling or steaming. Sometimes you can afford baked food without a crust. Fried food is strictly prohibited.
Any spicy, fatty, overly salty, sour, smoked and canned foods are completely excluded from the diet. Salt intake should be limited to 10 grams per day. It is also recommended to avoid foods that contain too much fiber.
Treatment table No. 1 implies compliance with the temperature regime. The food you eat should be warm—not too hot and not too cold.
It is impossible not to say about such an important point as fractional nutrition. The optimal regimen is considered to be 5 or 6 meals per day in small portions.
List of allowed and prohibited products
To begin with, a sick person needs to give up fresh and baked goods made from rye flour, products made from puff or pastry. Do not eat fatty and overly acidic dairy products. From fish products, fatty fish, canned and salted fish are prohibited. The same restrictions apply to meat.
Barley, millet, barley and corn grits should be excluded from cereals. Beans and peas, any salted, pickled vegetables, white cabbage and mushrooms, onions and garlic — all this is prohibited. In addition, you should not include sour and unripe fruits and berries in your diet.
What can you eat on the #1 diet? Allowed to use:
- stale bakery products made from wheat flour;
- dairy products (non-acidic and low-fat);
- vegetable soups with the addition of well-boiled cereals;
- lean meats and fish;
- buckwheat, oatmeal, risk, semolina;
- carrots, beets, potatoes;
- ripe and sweet fruits and berries.