Obesity is a worldwide problem, covering a huge number of the population, characterized by excessive deposition of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous tissue, internal organs and tissues. According to statistics, about 30% of people of working age suffer from this disease in Russia. Moreover, women are much more likely than men to experience this disorder. Below we will talk about obesity in terms of treatment recommended by nutritionists.
Non-drug therapy for obesity
In 2021, scientists from the National Medical Research Center for Endocrinology published a paper in which it was found that non-drug therapy (lifestyle changes through dietary modification and increased exercise) is the mainstay of obesity treatment and is recommended as the first, mandatory and permanent treatment for this disease. .
Thus, the first priority in the fight against obesity is diet. Patients with such a diagnosis are assigned a treatment table number 8.
First of all, a sick person is recommended to gradually reduce the daily calorie content of food consumed. It is also extremely important to reduce the intake of carbohydrates, fats of animal origin. The basis of the diet should be vegetables rich in fiber, whole grains, fruits with a low content of carbohydrates.
The food is fractional with a gradual decrease in the size of a single serving. Salt intake is limited, fried, fatty, spicy and spicy foods are excluded.
The second extremely important point is dosed regular physical activity. An obese patient should walk more, engage in various sports, especially cardio training.
Speaking about the treatment of obesity, it is impossible not to talk about such a method as psychotherapy. Talking with a psychologist or psychotherapist can help change eating behavior and lifestyle in general.
Drug therapy is prescribed in the absence of the effect of the above measures for three or more months, the body mass index is more than 30.
We emphasize that drugs aimed at combating overweight should be taken only after consulting a doctor.
The patient may be prescribed medications that inhibit the feeling of hunger, accelerating satiety. Antidepressants that change eating behavior may also be used.
Currently, a drug that inhibits gastrointestinal lipases is often used to treat obesity, which leads to malabsorption of undigested triglycerides, causing a calorie deficit.
In the event that the body mass index is more than 40 for a long time, medications and diet do not give any result, the patient can undergo surgical interventions aimed at reducing the volume of the stomach and reducing the amount of food consumed.
There are several operational methods, the choice of one of them is carried out individually.