Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract are among the most common in clinical practice. Diseases such as tonsillitis and bronchitis affect both children and adults. Sometimes these pathological conditions can be caused by viruses, but often a bacterial infection also joins. In this case, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs (antibiotics). It should be recalled that antibiotic therapy should be carried out only after a complete examination of the patient, diagnosis and checking the sensitivity of the flora to a particular antibiotic.
Antibiotics are a powerful and effective remedy for many diseases. These antibacterial substances of synthetic, semi-synthetic or natural origin can quickly stop the growth of harmful microorganisms or completely destroy them.
There are contraindications. Check with your doctor.
The best antibiotics for sore throat, bronchitis and cough
Fluimucil is one of the few truly effective antibiotics suitable for both injection and inhalation. This antibiotic is used mainly for inhalation with a wet cough, bronchitis, tonsillitis, tracheitis and a number of other respiratory diseases. Also, this solution can be called one of the best means for washing or instillation for sinusitis, including sinusitis, and otitis media.
Due to the successful combination of antibiotic and mucolytic, Fluimucil not only eliminates pathogenic microflora, but also helps to cleanse the problem area. For example, with bronchitis, the drug accelerates the process of sputum excretion. Fluimucil-antibiotic IT is released in the form of a solution of 500 mg for inhalation and injection. It should not be confused with the effervescent tablets and granules of the same name for the preparation of a solution that is taken orally.
A budget domestic broad-spectrum drug is the most common drug against colds. Despite the low price, it copes well with various respiratory infections, including bronchitis, laryngitis and pneumonia.
But in the instructions for use, you can see a large number of side effects and contraindications, alas, characteristic of most of these drugs. In addition, it is not recommended for children under 16 years of age, as well as for adults who have arrhythmias, kidney or liver failure.
A very effective broad spectrum bacteriostatic antibiotic based on azithromycin. It acts against a variety of microorganisms that can cause tonsillitis, bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Sumamed easily copes even with advanced cases of purulent tonsillitis, otitis, with a moderate disease, it removes all the symptoms of acute respiratory infections in just a day. It acts very quickly, so only three tablets are usually enough for treatment. Ease of use is one of the main advantages of this drug.
There are contraindications and side effects, but they are fewer than most cheaper antibiotics. Doctors love this drug very much, give it high marks, noting high efficiency in most cases. Children from three years of age are allowed to attend. But it is better for children to give it in the form of a suspension, not tablets.
The best antibiotics for sinusitis
Isofra nose drops
Although this French drug is quite inexpensive and does not have the widest spectrum of action, it is literally indispensable in the treatment of a protracted cold with rhinitis, sinusitis or nasopharyngitis. In addition, this antibiotic is used to treat both adults and children.
The drug is considered one of the most harmless antibiotics, goes well with other drugs, has virtually no contraindications. Possible side effects include only an allergy to individual components and some deterioration in the microflora of the nasopharynx with prolonged use. However, it is important to remember that this is still an antibiotic that must be used as prescribed by a doctor. In addition, it is categorically not recommended for use in allergic rhinitis or as a remedy for allergies.
Polydex with phenylephrine
Polydex with phenylephrine nasal drops
Polydex spray is a complex remedy that is prescribed for a protracted cold with purulent discharge from the nose. Thanks to the combination of two antibiotics and the vasoconstrictor phenylephrine, this antibiotic has a wide spectrum of action and is effective in the fight against sinusitis and other sinusitis, rhinitis and a number of different bacteria. These drops can be called the best drug that has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and improves breathing. The effect of their application, as a rule, is noticeable after 3–5 days. The full course of treatment takes no more than 10 days.
It is important to remember that this is not only a nasal spray, but also a strong antibiotic that has a number of contraindications. In addition to pregnant women and children under 2.5 years old, Polydex is not suitable for adults suffering from glaucoma, kidney failure and kidney disease. Therefore, it is often replaced with a more gentle analogue.
Vilprafen® solutab tablets
Vilprofen Solutab is a rather large tablet with a sweet taste and a pleasant strawberry aroma. The main active ingredient is josamycin, which is effective against bacterial infections caused by a variety of pathogens. The drug is often prescribed for sore throat, bronchitis, otitis media, pneumonia, as well as dental infections, furunculosis and diseases of the genitourinary system.
The main feature of the antibiotic is that it can be taken during pregnancy and breastfeeding without fear of serious consequences for the child. This drug as a whole can be called one of the safest. Contraindications are reduced to intolerance to macrolide antibiotics and severe liver disease. Side effects are minimal. The only drawback of the remedy, doctors and patients call its high cost.
Best Broad Spectrum Antibiotics
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, a time-tested popular drug, is quite inexpensive, but works quite effectively. It can be taken for a variety of diseases that occur both with and without fever — from tonsillitis and otitis media to Lyme disease, meningitis and sepsis.
Amoxicillin is perhaps one of the most popular antibiotics for adults and children. The presence of different forms of release, including tablets and suspensions, as well as a relatively small list of possible side effects, allow even pregnant women and babies aged 1 month to take the medicine.
Probably almost every adult knows this frequently prescribed drug. Produced in various forms, the antibiotic is almost universal. In most cases, tetracycline is taken in the form of tablets, including bronchitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, prostatitis, eczema, and various infections of the gastrointestinal tract and soft tissues. Acting in a complex way, this antibiotic quickly copes with most infectious causes of cough, fever and other ailments. Also, the antibiotic is available in the form of an ointment for external use and eye ointment, which helps to eliminate some problems locally.
However, the antibiotic has many contraindications and is not suitable for children under 8 years of age, as well as for women during pregnancy or lactation. Also, like many strong drugs, it can cause serious side effects.
An effective drug based on clarithromycin, which has high activity against a huge number of microorganisms. Klabaks is resistant to acids, so you can drink it at any time, regardless of the meal. Long-term post-antibiotic effect due to the maintenance of the substance in the body ensures the complete destruction of bacteria.
Doctors recommend taking this drug for various ENT diseases, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary system, and skin. Provided that the dosage is correctly calculated, it is allowed to be taken by children from six months. The only contraindication is intolerance to macrolide antibiotics — clarithromycin, erythromycin and others. The safety of the drug has been proven by numerous tests — it causes the minimum number of side effects for antibiotics.
Best antibiotics for kids
The leader among the best children’s antibiotics can be confidently called a universal broad-spectrum drug, suitable for both adults and children. The most popular form of Amoxiclav is tablets, but in pharmacies you can easily find a suspension, which is usually given to young children and even newborns with severe colds, coughs and fever caused by various infections.
In addition to the convenient form of release and versatility, the advantages of the drug include the minimum number of contraindications and side effects, affordable cost, and a quick effect from taking. It is easy for children to drink due to the pleasant taste. Despite the mild effect of the drug, you can take it, like other antibiotics, only as directed by a doctor. In addition, Amoxiclav cannot be combined with certain other medicines.
Augmentin is one of the few antibiotics safe enough to be given to young children, even infants. Despite the relatively small number of side effects, the drug, unlike some analogues, can still have a negative effect on the kidneys and intestines. Therefore, it should be taken with caution, especially at an early age.
In general, the antibiotic is effective and has a good composition. Especially often this antibacterial agent is prescribed in the treatment of bronchitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, as well as various respiratory tract infections. In addition, due to the extended complex action, this antibiotic is also effective in the fight against various mixed infections. In addition to the suspension, Augmentin is also available in the form of tablets that school-age children and adults can take.
The drug based on amoxicillin is available in various dosage forms, but in pediatrics it is used mainly in the form of granules for the preparation of a suspension. In addition to time-tested efficiency, it has a low cost. Refers to broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs, effective for sore throat, bronchitis, as well as infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, soft tissues and skin.
The drug is strong enough, when treating children with it, you need to strictly select the dosage, so you can not drink it without a doctor’s prescription. There are also a number of side effects and incompatibility with some other drugs.