It cannot be unequivocally stated that it is harmful for pregnant women to sunbathe or, on the contrary, it is useful. This process has both positive and negative impacts.
So, under the influence of sunlight, vitamin D is produced, which is necessary for the body to absorb such trace elements as calcium and phosphorus (they have a direct effect on the formation of the skeletal system). Also, the sun’s rays have an antidepressant effect and help to improve mood, significantly increase immunity and give the body strength to fight viruses. In addition, under the influence of ultraviolet light, acne is reduced.
However, tanning, especially during pregnancy, should be safe. Sunbathing is recommended when the sun is in its inactive period — that is before 10 am or after 6 hours of the evening. At this time, the risk of getting sunstroke and heatstroke is minimal.
It is desirable that pregnant women begin to sunbathe “at a minimum”, receiving small doses of ultraviolet radiation. In the first few days, 5–10 minutes will be enough. During the day, you can stay up to one hour, and you need to increase this time gradually.
It is important for pregnant women and the use of sunscreen — this will help prevent skin burns. You should also protect yourself as much as possible from overheating — both yourself and the baby. To do this, use a towel or sheet on your stomach, a hat and sunglasses. Sun exposure can lead to dehydration, so drink plenty of water. And it is desirable to swim more often and be in the shade.
But improper exposure to the sun can harm you or your baby. So, at the end of the term, overheating can even provoke premature birth. In addition, ultraviolet radiation has a direct effect on the formation of the baby’s nervous system, so the time spent in the open sun should be strictly dosed.
But it is undesirable for pregnant women to sunbathe in a solarium. After all, the dose of “artificial” ultraviolet here can be much higher than that you get naturally. And this will lead to increased production of melamine, which, in turn, can provoke chloasma — focal pigmentation.
However, there are cases when any sunburn should be excluded: diabetes mellitus, mastopathy, diseases of the blood and cardiovascular system, the threat of miscarriage.