Experts from the Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Sleep Med­i­cine (AASM) report that 7 out of 10 Amer­i­cans get sleep prob­lems due to drink­ing in the evenings. On aver­age, this prob­lem occurs today in every fifth per­son.

Men are more like­ly to suf­fer from alco­holic insom­nia than the fair­er sex: 75% ver­sus 60%. In addi­tion, mid­dle-aged peo­ple aged 35–44 most often (78%) drink alco­hol late at night.

It is believed that alco­hol helps to sleep. In fact, accord­ing to sci­en­tists, its use before bed often leads to neg­a­tive con­se­quences. So, in the sec­ond half of the night, awak­en­ings become more fre­quent, a per­son can­not fall asleep again. This is due to a decrease in mela­tonin pro­duc­tion, which leads to a mal­func­tion of the cir­ca­di­an clock that reg­u­lates the dai­ly cycle of sleep and wake­ful­ness.

Alco­hol also increas­es the symp­toms of obstruc­tive sleep apnea, caus­es exces­sive relax­ation of the mus­cles of the throat, neck and head, which leads to res­pi­ra­to­ry fail­ure, increas­es the fre­quen­cy of trips to the toi­let, increas­es the risk of para­som­nia and, at a min­i­mum, leads to a feel­ing of chron­ic fatigue even imme­di­ate­ly after sleep.

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