Chinese scientists from the Peking University Clinical Research Institute argue that with a lack and excess of sleep, cognitive impairment develops.
During the study, scientists collected data on more than 20,000 men and women. All of them talked about how they usually sleep, and also took tests for cognitive functions. Scientists believed that a person sleeps little if he had no more than 4 hours of sleep per day. If a person slept 10 or more hours a day, then it was an excess of sleep. The ideal option was recognized as 7 hours of sleep per day.
It turned out that cognitive functions worsened both when people slept 4 hours a day or less, and when the duration of sleep was 10 hours or more.
The mechanisms of action of excessive and insufficient amounts of sleep on the state of the brain are not yet clear. There is evidence that lack of sleep increases the concentration of amyloid and tau protein in the cerebrospinal fluid, the deposition of which in brain tissues leads to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists also believe that each person has their own optimal balance between the amount of sleep and the concentration of amyloid protein.
And too much sleep can, theoretically, provoke inflammatory processes, which also impair concentration, affect thinking and memory processing.