Health requires alternating activity and rest. After a busy day at work, the body needs relaxation, during which the organs, muscles and circulatory system must relax and recover. To do this, you need a comfortable place to sleep: a comfortable bed with good linens.
Sweet dreams surrounded by luxury
Since ancient times, people have understood the importance of sleep for health, so they have always paid attention to a comfortable place to rest, which will allow you to completely relax, unwind and gain strength.
For example, in the 4th century BC, the ancient Romans used mattresses filled with soft rabbit hair, and silk sheets were placed on top of them. Sleeping on such mattresses and sheets gave the body a special rest and relaxation. And if these accessories were intended for love nights, in this case, sheets made of thin linen embroidered with flowers were used.
In the Middle Ages, bed linen was considered an attribute of rich houses; only the nobility could use it. During the Renaissance, wealthy people spread white sheets on their beds, which were decorated with luxurious embroidery. And in Italy at that time everything white came into fashion: bed linen, tablecloths, towels, napkins.
In the 16th century, it became fashionable to decorate bed linen with embroidered monograms with the names of the owners. And for important events, for example, for a wedding, they prepared especially beautiful underwear, on which the date of the celebration was embroidered.
In the 17th century, Holland became the legislator of underwear fashion. Her linen fabrics were considered the best. Men’s and women’s shirts with lace were sewn from thin Dutch linen and silk. Sheets were sewn from them, which at that time were unusually highly valued. Dutch linen was distinguished by its smoothness, special noble luster and durability.
In the 18th century, snow-white linen, trimmed with lace along the edges, was a success. Especially beautiful sheets, pillowcases and duvet covers were sewn by novices in monasteries. Such underwear was expensive, only rich people could order it.
Peter the Great, during his visit to Europe, admired the local linen and invited Flemish craftswomen to Russia to teach this skill to monastic novices. The training went well, as a result, our craftswomen began to sew such beautiful underwear that it was sent to other countries (for export).
In the 19th century, satin stitch embroidery came to the fore. Swiss seamstresses succeeded in this, they began to produce the best underwear in the world, decorated with satin embroidery.
Russia became famous for linen bed linen. Linen yields in our country have always been high, fabrics made from it were distinguished by their special beauty and extraordinary strength. Any hostess should have had a lot of bed linen, which was stored in chests of drawers and chests. Especially a lot of it was given as a dowry to brides.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, interest in sports arose, hygiene, health, and good sleep began to be promoted. Good underwear became available not only to rich houses, but also to most people.
Health and care
The bed linen set includes a sheet, a duvet cover and two pillowcases. The width of the sets can be single, one and a half and double. There is also a European standard, slightly different from the Russian one, and the so-called king size, designed for very wide beds.
Given that the laundry may shrink during the first wash, it is recommended to choose its size with some margin when buying.
For bed linen, mainly linen, cotton and silk are used.
Linen materials are considered the best. They are smooth, it protects them from pollution. Linen is easy to wash, so it’s easy to care for. In addition, it is good for health, as it is highly hygroscopic. It also has high strength and long service life.
Cotton underwear is also good for health, as it is hygienic, hygroscopic and easy to wash. However, its strength is inferior to linen, it wears out faster. True, it has an undeniable advantage: it is relatively cheap.
From the point of view of consumer qualities, the best is bed linen made of silk. It does not cause allergies, does not electrify, and also has antibacterial properties. However, compared to linen and cotton underwear, it has a high cost. In addition, caring for it is more difficult than for cotton and linen. It should not be washed in the washing machine, as this significantly reduces its strength.
Currently, bed linen manufacturers are trying to use blended fabrics. For example, they blend cotton with rayon, bamboo fiber or synthetics. All this is done in order to reduce the cost of finished products.
Unfortunately, unscrupulous manufacturers sometimes do not indicate on labels and packaging that underwear contains artificial fibers. This is only detected during operation. Synthetic fibers are electrified, they pass air worse, do not allow sweat to evaporate, etc. This negatively affects health.
The most practical is underwear made in light colors. Fabrics of dark and bright colors often shed when washed. In recent years, the weaving industry has been developing hypoallergenic materials and dyes specifically for bedding.
Night rest in comfort
In the 20th century, from the post-October Revolution period until the last decades, spacious housing was in short supply (as was everything then). At that time, they didn’t really think about a comfortable rest, therefore, in Soviet times, small rooms and small-sized furniture were in demand. For them, single duvet covers and sheets were sewn.
Currently, sets of single linen are practically not produced. It is produced only for railways, penitentiaries and other government places.
Features of the cut of linen in different countries
In Europe, the USA, etc., pillowcases are rarely made with buttons. More often they are sewn with a zipper or with a wraparound valve.
Duvet covers are sewn in the form of an envelope, they can also have a closed flap on one (short) side, or they can be completely fastened with a zipper, snaps, buttons. Or they are slotted, with a slot along the long side.
In Europe, the USA, etc., the sheets we are used to are rarely found. They often use sheets with an elastic band around the entire perimeter, which are pulled over the mattress like a cover. Night rest on such sheets is comfortable, as they hold tightly and do not go astray.