Every year, 1 out of 300 Russians die from a stroke. And, unfortunately, there are many reasons for the development of a stroke, even snoring is one of them. Snoring disrupts the supply of oxygen to the brain and increases the risk of circulatory disorders — a stroke.
We have collected popular myths and facts about the stroke of fate, called Stroke.
Most of us have watched the popular series about the genius doctor-diagnostician House Doctor, let’s check what terminology remains in our memory:
Arterial hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg and above is observed in a patient at least three times. One of the most common causes of brain diseases.
A hypertensive crisis is an excessive increase in blood pressure, which requires immediate medical intervention to reduce it.
Stroke is obsolete. apoplexy, kondrashka, or apoplexy is an acute violation of cerebral circulation, which leads to the death of brain tissue. The cause may be a narrowing, blockage or rupture of blood vessels.
Hemorrhagic stroke — a hemorrhage in the brain — occurs due to rupture of a cerebral artery.
Ischemic stroke — a heart attack — occurs most often due to a blood clot or detached atherosclerotic plaque, which closes the passage of blood through the vessel.
Ischemia — when arterial blood flow is interrupted, the result may be a heart attack of the corresponding organ.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage — bleeding in the arachnoid meninges, usually occurs when an arterial aneurysm ruptures, or as a result of a traumatic brain injury.
Myths and facts about stroke
Stroke cannot be prevented
It is a myth. In Europe, the USA and Canada, stroke mortality has decreased by 4 times due to the control of pressure and fashion for a healthy lifestyle.
How to control pressure? Elementary! With the help of an affordable and inexpensive device — a tonometer. Choose the one that you really will use: with a cuff on the shoulder (for example B.Well MED-55) or light, compact on the wrist (Swiss B.Well MED-57)
Stroke cannot be treated
Stroke can and should be treated. The effectiveness of treatment depends directly on how quickly the patient is taken to the hospital and the degree of damage is determined.
If you or your loved ones experience a sharp headache during stress, physical activity or during sexual intercourse, the face turns red, sweat comes out, the heartbeat increases significantly, nausea occurs — do not think, call an ambulance.
IMPORTANT: A stroke is not sudden, the body warns a person that something is wrong. Regular monitoring of blood pressure with B.Well blood pressure monitors reduces the likelihood of a sudden deterioration in well-being.
A stroke is about those “who are over …”
Unfortunately, no, stroke has no age or gender, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (see “Terminology Test”), happens most often in young people after a sharp increase in blood pressure.
But even at a young age, everything is not so simple. The body signals a possible worsening of the situation with a headache, pressure surges. It’s bad if you don’t have a tonometer at hand to understand what the problem is. Attacks do not last long, 10–15 minutes and seem to pass without a trace.
Unfortunately, these attacks can portend a high risk of stroke. Timely treatment will help to avoid big troubles.
B.Well MED-57 wrist tonometer is a new generation device, a mini-cardiolaboratory capable of assessing your blood pressure with an accuracy of 3 mm Hg. Such a device can always be at hand, because it weighs no more than 100 g and comes with a neat plastic case.
- Intellect Active technology provides fast and gentle measurement. The tonometer takes measurements at the stage of air injection into the cuff, adjusts to each user, determining the individual level of cuff inflation. The Intellect Active algorithm allows you to measure not only accurately and quickly, but as comfortably as possible.
- Illuminated display for easy measurement in any light
- Complete pressure control: memory for 30 measurements with date and time
- Average of three measurements. According to the recommendations of doctors: the function of calculating the average value of three measurements
- The color scale of the pressure level will tell you the level of the measured pressure according to the classification of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH)
- Arrhythmia indicator allows you to detect heart rhythm disorders at an early stage
- Convenient storage case included
- Low battery indicator
- Automatic shutdown
Headache cannot cause a stroke
Unfortunately, maybe. Chronic hypertension increases the possibility of a stroke by 40%, it wears out and deforms the thin delicate wall of cerebral vessels. If it becomes significantly thinner, then at some point a rupture occurs, if it thickens too much, it thereby reduces the lumen of the vessel.
“Female” disease hypertension
Headaches due to high blood pressure affect both men and women. The only difference is that women carefully monitor their condition (measure pressure) and, unlike men, learn about the disease. As a result, they control blood pressure, undergo treatment and live longer.
Snoring can lead to a stroke
Yes it is. Snoring reduces the flow of oxygen to the brain, increasing the risk of cerebrovascular accident. This is evidenced by numerous studies in this area.
Smoking is injurious to health
Yes, smoking doubles the risk of stroke.
Smoking increases blood viscosity and clotting, smoking can cause high blood pressure, regular and long-term smoking accelerates the development of plaques in the carotid arteries.
All this has a direct relationship with cerebral circulation, and as a result, the risk of stroke in smokers is higher than in non-smokers.
Even a short-term smoking cessation has a positive effect on overall well-being, and a five-year abstinence reduces the risk of stroke to the level of a person who has never smoked.
Short-term and long-term benefits of quitting smoking*
Time since quitting smoking
Benefit for health
Normalizes blood pressure and heart rate
Improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system, which makes it easier to walk and run
Cough, shortness of breath and breathing problems are reduced, lung function is increased by 10%
The risk of stroke is reduced to the level of a never smoker
The risk of lung cancer is reduced by 35–50%
*According to the Russian Society of Cardiology, the National Society of Preventive Cardiology, the Russian Society for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases 2017
Alcohol causes stroke
No, this is not confirmed information. Of course, we are not talking about drunkenness, but in moderate doses, alcohol can even help reduce the risk of stroke, because it thins the blood and increases the level of “correct” cholesterol in the blood.
Fat people are more likely to have a stroke
Yes it is. The distribution of adipose tissue in the body affects the risk of stroke. Excess visceral fat (obesity in the abdomen) increases the risk of death from a stroke, as it disrupts fat and carbohydrate metabolism in the body.
Stroke can be predicted by the eyes
It’s strange, but it’s true. The structure of the blood vessels near the eyes is similar to the structure of the vessels of the brain. By changes or damage to the retina, a specialist can diagnose the possibility of a stroke with a 70 percent probability.
A phone and a fitness bracelet will not replace a blood pressure monitor
Measurement of pressure cannot be carried out using a fingerprint, a finger leaning against a phone flashlight, or using a fitness bracelet. In order to take accurate pressure readings, you need to have a tonometer.
The tonometer on the wrist from the Swiss brand B.Well MED-57 has the shape of a large bracelet, while its weight is 100 g. Attaches to the arm with a Velcro cuff. Suitable for men with a wide wrist and for girls of a fragile physique. The measurement process takes less than a minute.
All B.Well blood pressure monitors are developed in Switzerland, have passed the EU certification and are approved by the Russian Society of Cardiology.
Choosing B.Well blood pressure monitors for daily use and monitoring your health and the health of your loved ones, you can be sure that you are choosing the best.