The best dentures in 2022

Remov­able den­tures are still pop­u­lar today because they allow you to replace lost teeth at a bud­get price. We will learn from experts which den­tures mod­ern den­tistry uses, how they dif­fer from each oth­er, and how to make the right choice
The best dentures in 2022
Remov­able den­tures for adults.

The best den­tures are those that are suit­able for a par­tic­u­lar per­son accord­ing to the indi­ca­tions and the clin­i­cal sit­u­a­tion in the oral cav­i­ty. High-qual­i­ty ortho­pe­dic con­struc­tions should be aes­thet­ic, reli­able and not cause dis­com­fort. Our experts — den­tist, ortho­don­tist Alexan­der Ermakov and Can­di­date of Med­ical Sci­ences, den­tist, ortho­pe­dist Niko­lai Kushchenko talked about the pros and cons of mod­ern remov­able den­tures and gave use­ful advice on pros­thet­ics.

Which removable dentures are best for adults

As the den­tist-ortho­don­tist Alexan­der Ermakov notes, remov­able den­tures are ortho­pe­dic struc­tures that a per­son can remove on their own.

Adult patients can install the fol­low­ing types of remov­able den­tures:

  • full — they are installed in the com­plete absence of teeth on one jaw;
  • par­tial — they are used in the absence of sev­er­al teeth with­in the same jawone.

“Par­tial remov­able den­tures are ordi­nary plas­tic plate and clasp ones,” adds Niko­lai Kushchenko, ortho­pe­dic den­tist.

Rating of the top 9 best removable dentures

When choos­ing pros­the­ses, the num­ber of pre­served teeth, the fea­tures of their loca­tion on the jaw and the state of the sup­port­ing appa­ra­tus, the sen­si­tiv­i­ty and com­pli­ance of the gum mucosa, and much more are tak­en into account.one. An expe­ri­enced doc­tor will be able to choose the best remov­able den­tures for each clin­i­cal case and will def­i­nite­ly take into account the finan­cial capa­bil­i­ties of the patient. Our rat­ing con­tains the best remov­able den­tures with a dif­fer­ent design, mate­r­i­al of man­u­fac­ture and price.

Complete removable dentures

Ful­ly remov­able den­tures are made of acrylic and the more mod­ern Acry-free mate­r­i­al, they are fixed on the mucosa or on implants. Such pros­the­ses can be screwed onto implants (the patient him­self can­not remove them and put them back) or fixed with but­tons (you can remove, clean and install them back).

1. Acrylic dentures

acrylic denture
Acrylic den­tures.

Acrylic den­tures are aes­thet­ic, easy to man­u­fac­ture and inex­pen­sive, there­fore the most pop­u­lar. They are made of durable acrylic plas­tic, which is very sim­i­lar to nat­ur­al tooth enam­el. Acrylic den­tures dis­trib­ute the chew­ing load well, so the bone under them will not atro­phy too quick­ly. Acrylic does not change col­or over time, and replace­ment of the pros­the­sis is usu­al­ly required due to defor­ma­tion of the pros­the­sis and dete­ri­o­ra­tion of fix­a­tion due to a decrease in bone vol­ume2.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al acrylic plas­tic
Mount type on suc­tion cups or on but­tons sup­port­ed by implants
main­tain­abil­i­ty eas­i­ly repaired, if nec­es­sary, new arti­fi­cial teeth can be added to the design
Life time 2–3 years

Pros and cons

afford­able price, easy to repair, aes­thet­ic appear­ance for a long time.
com­plete­ly cov­er the sky, which may wors­en dic­tion and cause a gag reflex, some patients may cause aller­gies.
To the point

Which den­tures to choose: advice from doc­tors

2. Acry-free

These pros­the­ses are made from an advanced acrylic resin with­out methyl methacry­late, mak­ing this mate­r­i­al suit­able for aller­gic patients. Accord­ing to its prop­er­ties, Acry-free is very sim­i­lar to ordi­nary acrylic — it is quite durable, aes­thet­ic and easy to repair. There­fore, the pros and cons of remov­able den­tures made of acrylic and Acry-free are almost iden­ti­cal.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al acrylic plas­tic with­out methyl methacry­late in the com­po­si­tion
Mount type on suc­tion cups or but­tons based on implants
main­tain­abil­i­ty eas­i­ly repaired and restored
Life time 2–3 years

Pros and cons

hypoal­ler­genic mate­r­i­al, aes­thet­ic appear­ance, rea­son­able price.
due to the com­plete over­lap of the palate, it can cause dis­com­fort, a short ser­vice life.

Partial removable

Par­tial den­tures can be made entire­ly of nylon or plas­tic, or an arcu­ate met­al frame can be placed inside the den­ture. Such pros­the­ses are called clasp. These struc­tures are fixed in sev­er­al ways: on clasps, on micro-locks and tele­scop­ic crowns2.

On a note

The best tablets for clean­ing den­tures: 5 effec­tive reme­dies

3. Clasp prostheses

Clasp pros­the­ses are well fixed and help to keep mobile teeth. It is eas­i­er for patients to get used to clasp con­struc­tions, because they do not over­lap the palate and dis­trib­ute the load on the bone tis­sue well.

- Clasp den­tures are more com­pet­i­tive com­pared to par­tial remov­able plas­tic den­tures, since the met­al frame makes the design more durable and minia­ture. How­ev­er, such pros­the­ses also require cor­rec­tion (relo­ca­tion) every 3–6 years, since bone tis­sue atro­phy is inevitable. The chew­ing load of clasp pros­the­ses is up to 65%, depend­ing on the type of fas­ten­ing of the pros­the­sis to the teeth2- com­ments the ortho­pe­dic den­tist Niko­lai Kushchenko.

durable, light, even­ly dis­trib­ute the load on the bone tis­sue, you quick­ly get used to them
do not fill the chew­ing load by 100%, may impair sen­si­tiv­i­ty and taste sen­sa­tions

4. Clasp on clasps

Clasps are spe­cial hooks that are attached to the pros­the­sis and wrap around the abut­ment teeth. Clasps are either met­al or plas­tic. Met­al ones are not very aes­thet­ic and are clear­ly vis­i­ble when smil­ing, but they can be bent if the lev­el of fix­a­tion has decreased. Plas­tic clasps are less notice­able, but also less reli­able — they can break and, over time, begin to hold the pros­the­sis worse.

The met­al clasps of the Ney sys­tem are con­sid­ered the most bud­getary, but they are very vis­i­ble when smil­ing.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al met­al, plas­tic
Mount type on met­al or plas­tic hooks — clasps
main­tain­abil­i­ty not always repairable
Life time 3–6 years old

Pros and cons

quite light and com­fort­able, help to keep mov­ing teeth, rea­son­able price.
met­al clasps are very notice­able, and plas­tic clasps break more eas­i­ly.

5. Clasp with micro locks

Clasp dentures on micro-locks
Clasp den­tures on micro-locks.

- Micro locks or attach­ments look like balls that are fixed on the pros­the­sis in spe­cial holes with rub­ber seals. Such pros­the­ses are more aes­thet­ic and bet­ter kept in the oral cav­i­ty even with a short­age of bone tis­sue. Pros­the­ses with microlocks can be installed on your own teeth and implants,” explains Alexan­der Ermakov, an ortho­don­tist.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al met­al, plas­tic
Mount type on micro-locks or attach­ments
main­tain­abil­i­ty can be repaired
Life time 5–10 years

Pros and cons

more aes­thet­ic, durable and com­fort­able com­pared to clasp pros­the­ses.
are more expen­sive than pros­the­ses with clasps, before instal­la­tion, it is nec­es­sary to grind abut­ment teeth or install implants.

6. Clasp on telescopic crowns

This is the most durable type of fix­a­tion of remov­able den­tures. Tele­scop­ic crowns con­sist of 2 parts — one is put on the sup­port­ing tooth or implant, the oth­er is attached to the pros­the­sis. Then one part enters the oth­er accord­ing to the “matryosh­ka” prin­ci­ple. This design does not slip and does not cre­ate exces­sive pres­sure, dur­ing instal­la­tion it is not nec­es­sary to use cement and screw ele­ments.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al met­al, plas­tic
Mount type on tele­scop­ic crowns that con­nect the pros­the­sis and the sup­port­ing tooth or implant
main­tain­abil­i­ty can be repaired
Life time 5–10 years

Pros and cons

strong fix­a­tion, visu­al­ly almost indis­tin­guish­able from nat­ur­al teeth.
high price, it is nec­es­sary to grind abut­ment teeth or install implants, far from being installed in all clin­ics.

7. Nylon

Nylon denture
Nylon den­tures.

Nylon pros­the­ses are suit­able for short-term pros­thet­ics. They are light and com­fort­able, they have aes­thet­ic gum-col­ored clasps. Den­tures are well fixed and do not break when falling due to the elas­tic­i­ty of the mate­r­i­al. But if the pros­the­sis still breaks, then it will be impos­si­ble to fix it.

Under nylon pros­the­ses, bone tis­sue atro­phies great­ly, and this is their biggest draw­back. For this rea­son, they can­not be used for a long time. In addi­tion, nylon even­tu­al­ly becomes cov­ered with micro­c­racks and changes col­or, which does not look very attrac­tive.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al nylon
Mount type on clasps
main­tain­abil­i­ty beyond repair
Life time 1–3 years

Pros and cons

afford­able price, com­fort­able and light, do not break when dropped, patients quick­ly get used to them.
cause bone atro­phy and are not suit­able for long-term pros­thet­ics.

8. Sandwich type

Sand­wich pros­the­ses do not have a palatal sep­tum, so they are eas­i­er to get used to. They are secure­ly fixed on the gum between two abut­ment teeth and are not infe­ri­or in strength to clasp sys­tems. Such struc­tures con­sist of acrylic gums, arti­fi­cial crowns and attach­ments, which are attached to the pros­the­sis on one side and to the patien­t’s teeth on the oth­er. The den­tures can be eas­i­ly removed and replaced by your­self, how­ev­er, it is not nec­es­sary to do this every day.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al met­al, acrylic
Mount type on attach­ments
main­tain­abil­i­ty can be repaired
Life time 5–7 years

Pros and cons

do not inter­fere with eat­ing and talk­ing, min­i­mal load on the gums, visu­al­ly very sim­i­lar to nat­ur­al teeth.
more expen­sive than many remov­able struc­tures, there is a risk of destruc­tion of sup­port­ing teeth.

9. On implants

Dental prosthesis on implants
Den­tal pros­the­sis on implants.

Remov­able den­tures on implants prac­ti­cal­ly do not exert pres­sure on the gums, which means they irri­tate the mucous mem­brane less and do not lead to bone tis­sue atro­phy. Designs con­sist of arti­fi­cial gums, crowns and fix­ing ele­ments. To give the pros­the­sis addi­tion­al rigid­i­ty, a met­al wire can be used.

Main characteristics

Mate­r­i­al acrylic, nylon, met­al, ceram­ic, plas­tic
Mount type on beams or spe­cial “but­tons”
main­tain­abil­i­ty can be repaired
Life time 7–10 years old

Pros and cons

strength, reli­able fix­a­tion, uni­form load dis­tri­b­u­tion.
high price.

How to choose the right removable dentures

- The patient can choose a remov­able pros­the­sis on his own only at a price. Accord­ing to all oth­er cri­te­ria, the choice is made by a doc­tor who under­stands in which clin­i­cal case which type of pros­the­sis should be used,” notes our expert Niko­lay Kushchenko.

- First you need to find a good doc­tor who knows all types of pros­thet­ics, he will select the best option. But if a doc­tor knows how to han­dle only con­ven­tion­al acrylic and nylon pros­the­ses, he is unlike­ly to be able to offer some­thing else,” adds Alexan­der Ermakov.

Reviews of doctors about removable dentures

“If pos­si­ble, I rec­om­mend using clasp pros­the­ses, but at the same time they need more care­ful care, oth­er­wise the abut­ment teeth may wear out,” says ortho­pe­dic den­tist Niko­lai Kushchenko. — But all remov­able struc­tures have dis­ad­van­tages: they cause atro­phy of bone tis­sue, do not fill the chew­ing func­tion by 100% and are not very aes­thet­ic. Den­tures are a treat­ment option for those who can­not place den­tal implants. Mod­ern den­tistry restores teeth through implan­ta­tion, and remov­able den­tures are more of a tem­po­rary mea­sure.

“Any remov­able con­struc­tion is a decrease in the patient’s qual­i­ty of life, so I ori­ent every­one towards fixed pros­the­ses,” says ortho­don­tist Alexan­der Ermakov. — If 1–3 teeth are lost, I rec­om­mend putting a nylon pros­the­sis for a peri­od of no more than 6–10 months, then to install the implant. If the patient does not have more than 4 teeth, I advise a clasp pros­the­sis on tele­scop­ic crowns or with clasp fix­a­tion. If it should be a com­plete remov­able den­ture, then it is bet­ter to choose a design on attach­ments, loca­tors. It is also pos­si­ble to make a pros­the­sis based on implants and on a bar. This is the strongest con­nec­tion and the best load dis­tri­b­u­tion. How­ev­er, the cost of pros­thet­ics will be almost the same as with pros­thet­ics with fixed crowns.

It will come in handy

The 6 Best Den­ture Fix­a­tion Creams: How to Use Them Prop­er­ly

Popular questions and answers

Remov­able den­tures are often used to solve den­tal prob­lems, while many patients do not know how to quick­ly adapt to these struc­tures and how to prop­er­ly care for them. Pop­u­lar ques­tions about remov­able den­tures are answered by our experts: den­tist, ortho­don­tist Alexan­der Ermakov and Ph.D., den­tist, ortho­pe­dist Niko­lai Kushchenko.

How to get used to removable dentures?

- To quick­ly get used to remov­able den­tures, you need to read aloud, talk more, suck on lol­lipops and even sleep in them at first3. Get­ting used to pros­the­ses takes an aver­age of 20–25 days. At first, the body rejects the pros­the­sis, it will be uncom­fort­able, unpleas­ant. Abun­dant sali­va will be released, a gag reflex may devel­op. But grad­u­al­ly a per­son gets used to it and can no longer do with­out a pros­the­sis.

If the pros­the­sis rubs heav­i­ly while eat­ing, be sure to make an appoint­ment with your doc­tor for a cor­rec­tion. In prac­tice, patients are often embar­rassed to go for cor­rec­tion, although there is noth­ing wrong with that. It is bet­ter to come for a cou­ple of min­utes, so that lat­er you can safe­ly use the pros­the­sis.

Is it necessary to wear removable dentures?

- If the pros­the­ses were made just for you, then, of course, they need to be worn.

What removable dentures are better to put in the complete absence of teeth?

– In the com­plete absence of teeth, only a com­plete remov­able den­ture is used, but, if pos­si­ble, it is bet­ter to install implants and put a com­plete remov­able den­ture on them. Then fix­a­tion and adap­ta­tion will be eas­i­er due to the fact that the pros­the­sis can be made thin­ner and small­er, and part of the load will be dis­trib­uted not only to the gum, but also to the bone tis­sue through the implants.

How to fix dentures so that they do not fly off?

- With par­tial­ly remov­able struc­tures, there are usu­al­ly no prob­lems. If it is a com­plete remov­able pros­the­sis, you can use spe­cial gels for bet­ter adhe­sion of the pros­the­sis, and even bet­ter, put 4 or 6 implants, then the sit­u­a­tion will improve much, it will become more com­fort­able to live and use pros­the­ses.

Should I remove my dentures at night?

– It is not rec­om­mend­ed to remove den­tures at night, espe­cial­ly if these are the first den­tures, as it will take longer to get used to them3.

How to properly care for dentures?

- The den­tures are removed dur­ing the per­for­mance of hygiene pro­ce­dures in the oral cav­i­ty, while the den­ture itself is cleaned with its own tooth­brush and paste. It is bet­ter not to use a hard tooth­brush, as this may cause small scratch­es on the pros­the­sis, where col­or­ing pig­ments will fall. In this case, the pros­the­sis los­es its lus­ter and fades.3.

After eat­ing, it is nec­es­sary to clean the den­tures with spe­cial brush­es, peri­od­i­cal­ly immerse them in a solu­tion with den­ture clean­ing tablets. It is rec­om­mend­ed to give the den­tures to the lab­o­ra­to­ry for pol­ish­ing once a year, because after clean­ing or eat­ing, their sur­face becomes rough, plaque or stone accu­mu­lates on it, which can­not be removed on its own.

От Yraa

Добавить комментарий