Proper and healthy sleep is one of the main conditions for maintaining good health and maintaining a high quality of life in a person. It helps him to work productively and helps to strengthen the immune system. Lack of sleep leads to the development of various serious diseases — from obesity to diseases of the heart and blood vessels. But its excess is also dangerous for humans.
The problem of proper sleep in modern people
Sleep time for an adult is 6–8 hours. It is during this period that the body recovers from the previous day and it accumulates strength for work, creativity and communication. But not all modern people sleep enough hours. Busy work, the need to spend time with children, or bad habits such as constantly reading social networks, lead to the fact that many people stop getting enough sleep.
For a person, not only insufficient, but also excessive sleep is equally harmful. Even if a person sleeps more than 12 hours, he does not feel rested. Instead of cheerfulness, he feels lethargy, drowsiness and unwillingness to do anything. Just like lack of sleep, its excess leads to the development of serious diseases. If a person sleeps a lot, but does not get enough sleep, this may indicate disorders of the nervous system.
Hypersomnia, or the need to sleep a lot, leads to the development of serious diseases such as diabetes, obesity and depression. To identify the true cause of this disorder, it is necessary to examine the body for the presence of diseases that lead to drowsiness. Many may not attach importance to this condition, believing that they just like to sleep. But if this does not contribute to a quality night’s rest, then hypersomnia negatively affects the quality of human life.
Excess sleep — one of the bad habits or a sign of the disease?
Hypersomnia is not always the result of any disease. Most often, a person tries to “get” those opportunities for a night’s rest, which were not enough before. For example, he prefers to sleep in after working at night or having to wake up too early during the week. The situation is exacerbated in winter and autumn, when daylight hours are shortened and the sun rises later.
People who use certain drugs or alcoholic beverages are prone to hypersomnia. The habit of drinking even a small dose of alcohol before starting a night’s rest does not contribute to proper falling asleep. Instead, it causes the development of alcohol dependence. Medications can also be addictive.
Violation of the regime of rest and wakefulness is one of the common bad habits of people who do not have the need to get up early. If a person is forced to come to work by a certain time, then he uses an alarm clock, because without an alarm clock he can oversleep. The desire to sleep longer on weekends is one of the consequences of not getting enough nightly rest during the week.
Another cause of hypersomnia is bad habits. These include a late and too heavy dinner with the use of not the most healthy foods — fatty meat, pickles, sweets and fast food. Digesting heavy meals prevents you from falling asleep quickly. Without the need to come to work by 9:00, a person succumbs to the temptation to sit longer at the computer or watch TV.
Hypersomnia can occur with increased levels of stress or depression. When a person cannot fall asleep for a long time, he needs to sleep longer. If at the same time he needs to wake up early to go to work, then he feels overwhelmed and lethargic, experiences drowsiness during the day. Such disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system lead to a deterioration in performance, relationships with colleagues and management. On weekends, a person with a nervous breakdown “oversleeps” because there is no desire to wake up.
Hypersomnia can lead to headaches, depression, and overweight. Getting rid of hypersomnia will help develop a useful habit of going to bed and waking up at the same time both on weekends and on weekdays. If the reason for “oversleeping” is not laziness and a desire to sit longer in front of a TV or computer, then its deeper cause should be found and eliminated.
Proper sleep is one of the components of a healthy lifestyle.
Getting enough sleep is one of the main components of a healthy lifestyle. Just like proper nutrition and physical activity, a proper night’s rest is necessary for a person to improve performance, strengthen immunity and the proper functioning of all body systems. Therefore, “oversleeping” is just as harmful as lack of sleep.
In some cases, the desire to sleep longer is natural for a person after working the night shift or illness. But “hibernation” and a healthy lifestyle are just as incompatible as a too short period of night rest, lasting only 4–5 hours. A person can “oversleep” as a result of stress, because “switching off” helps him get away from a serious problem for a while. Just like the inability to fall asleep for a long time, “oversleeping” leads to a deterioration in a person’s cognitive abilities and the development of mental disorders.
When a person sleeps a lot, but does not get enough sleep, he becomes not only lethargic and drowsy, but also irritable. To solve the problem of hypersomnia, it is necessary, first of all, to revise the sleep pattern, as well as to conduct studies on the state of the thyroid gland, since a lack or excess of hormones can lead to increased fatigue or excitability. If the cause of hypersomnia is the stress experienced by a person, then every effort must be made to eliminate stress factors.
A healthy lifestyle implies not only good health of the body, but also a harmonious state of mind. One is impossible without the other. An adult needs to sleep about 7–9 hours a day, and not to reduce this rate. If a person sleeps for more than 10–15 hours, then this already indicates hypersomnia, the causes of which must be dealt with. If it negatively affects performance, then self-discipline and the elimination of problems that prevent falling asleep and waking up cheerful and full of energy will help a person.