In recent decades, people are making more and more efforts to increase the duration and quality of life. Quality nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, work on emotional and psychological difficulties. They talk about it on TV screens, in videos on the Internet, write in social networks, books and on specialized sites. Quality sleep occupies a special place in the value system of a person concerned about their health. Regardless of whether a “lark” person or an “owl”, a sleeper or not, each of the people needs rest and time to recuperate. If this basic physiological need is neglected, unpleasant health consequences will follow.
Sleep is a necessary rest for the human body.
Barely born, a person sleeps most of the time, with breaks for food and going to the toilet. Long sleep is necessary for his physical and mental development. The baby is not yet strong enough to stay awake for more than an hour. Gradually, he grows up and it takes less and less time to rest.
However, even an adult is recommended to sleep at least eight hours a day. During this time, spent energy resources are restored, immunity is strengthened, muscles relax, and the nervous system gets rest. All processes in the human body slow down, and in the morning he gets up with renewed vigor.
In addition to the required amount of sleep, you need to pay attention to its quality and consistency. The habit of going to bed late or doing it at different times negatively affects well-being. In the morning, a person may feel lethargic, uncollected, and take a long time to recover.
Those who go to bed around ten o’clock in the evening wake up much more vigorous and rested. And sleep in a well-ventilated dark room until at least six in the morning.
The right habits in the schedule of the day contribute not only to physical health, but also to a better appearance and good mood.
Can stress cause sleep problems?
Stress and lack of sleep are interrelated and come out of one another. Often life’s problems, troubles unsettle a person so much that he cannot fall asleep, even if he is very tired.
Obsessive thoughts, severe fatigue, irritability make him nervous, emotionally unstable. At different periods of life and depending on the characteristics of the psyche, life experience, self-confidence, relationships with loved ones, people suffer from insomnia for various reasons.
These can be problems or workload in school or at work, difficulties in relationships with the team, friends or family. Own mistakes, miscalculations also often prevent a person from falling asleep. Feelings of guilt, conscience, fears — all this overtakes in the evening and does not allow you to relax.
Some people during stressful situations exacerbate bad habits: smoking, overeating, drinking. All this only exacerbates the problem. First of all, you should try to establish your daily routine: do all the procedures at about the same time.
Before going to bed, it is good to take a walk in the fresh air. Less use of smartphones and computers, avoid conflicts, eat right, not forgetting about regular meals. You can please yourself by spending time and money on your favorite activities, hobbies, going for a massage, going to the cinema with friends, going out into nature, buying clothes or equipment. You need to try to distract yourself from the causes of stress as much as possible.
If these measures do not help, you should contact a psychotherapist or neurologist. They will conduct therapy, if necessary, prescribe sedatives or sleeping pills. Sometimes the cause-and-effect relationships change, and lack of sleep becomes a cause of stress.
If you neglect the needs of the body for rest for any reason for a long time, then everything will end in a stressful state in which it will be difficult to fall asleep. So there is a kind of vicious circle.
The habit of constantly working
Young people often successfully combine a hectic vacation and study or work during the day. Walking and having fun at midnight, it is enough for them to drink a mug of coffee or energy drink to feel full of energy again in the morning. However, such a mockery of the body, as a rule, does not last long.
Even the most persistent and healthy boys and girls begin to get sick more often after a while. They notice that it becomes harder for them to concentrate and keep up with everything. But the life situation is such that a student needs to earn his living and minimal expenses, and there is practically no time left for sleep.
Then young people are forced to adapt, to sleep in fits and starts: on the road, in the back desks at lectures, at lunchtime. By the end of the institute, it becomes a little easier to observe the regime of work and rest.
However, the habit of constantly working for some remains for life. The man seems to have adapted well enough, and he uses his resources without respite. Namely, he studies and works in any free time. But to live at such a pace without certain consequences for the body is not long.
Consequences of chronic sleep deprivation
Excessive load, overwork and lack of sleep always have unpleasant consequences. Some of them are eliminated during the normalization of the regime. The appearance worsened during sleepless nights improves, the skin becomes less pale, puffiness of the face and bruises under the eyes disappear.
Drowsiness, irritability, dizziness, decreased mental abilities and concentration often accompany sleep deprivation and disappear when a person begins to sleep normally. But if sleep is neglected for long weeks and months, chronic sleep deprivation develops.
It has severe, not always avoidable consequences for human health. These include problems with the cardiovascular system, violation of pressure, strokes, vegetative-vascular dystonia, visual impairment, obsessive-compulsive disorders, hallucinations and fainting.
Chronic fatigue syndrome gradually develops, which is characterized by muscle pain, disorientation in space, fever, chills. Sleep deficiency exacerbates all existing diseases, reduces immunity. A person gets sick more often and for a longer time.
Among the psychological consequences are prolonged depression, lack of joy in life, problems in relationships with the opposite sex, lack of sexual desire. To avoid these problems, you need to adjust the sleep and rest regimen in time already at the first signals of exhaustion of the body and nervous system, take care of yourself.