Alcohol and appetite: why for successful weight loss you should give up alcohol?

By Yraa #according, #accordingly, #add, #affect, #alcohol, #alcoholic, #allows, #amount, #another, #answers, #article, #available, #average, #become, #being, #believe, #between, #beverages, #blood, #Body, #both, #break, #calm, #calorie, #calories, #carbohydrate, #carbohydrates, #cases, #cause, #century, #certain, #changed, #cheaper, #chicken, #choose, #combine, #common, #completely, #components, #composition, #concluded, #conducted, #confirmed, #consumed, #consumption, #contain, #containing, #contribute, #Control, #cooked, #cost, #could, #days, #decreases, #depends, #developed, #did, #dietary, #different, #digestible, #digestive, #disease, #diseases, #dishes, #done, #down, #drink, #drinking, #drinks, #easily, #eat, #effect, #energy, #especially, #everything, #evidence, #example, #excessive, #experiment, #expert, #experts, #fact, #factor, #fairly, #familiar, #fat, #feeling, #fill, #fish, #food, #foods, #forget, #french, #fruit, #gain, #give, #glass, #go, #Good, #group, #groups, #happen, #health, #healthyinfo, #herbal, #here, #high, #however, #hunger, #included, #increased, #increases, #influence, #information, #intake, #interest, #introduction, #japanese, #juice, #juices, #just, #kcal, #lead, #leads, #least, #legumes, #leptin, #level, #limited, #lives, #lose, #loss, #low, #lunch, #makes, #master, #materials, #meals, #mean, #menu, #method, #middle, #mineral, #mixture, #moderate, #much, #must, #namely, #needs, #nutrition, #nutritionist, #obesity, #obtained, #our, #overweight, #painful, #part, #participants, #people, #per, #photo, #poor, #poorly, #prepare, #prevent, #Products, #protein, #proven, #published, #read, #recipe, #recommend, #relationship, #remain, #remaining, #remember, #reported, #research, #researchers, #restrictions, #result, #results, #rich, #risk, #say, #scale, #scientists, #seafood, #second, #secretion, #seek, #self, #separate, #showed, #shown, #significantly, #situation, #small, #some, #sources, #special, #spices, #spicy, #still, #stimulate, #stop, #studies, #study, #substance, #successful, #take, #task, #taste, #themselves, #thing, #times, #today, #too, #track, #treat, #true, #turned, #under, #unhealthy, #used, #using, #various, #vegetable, #very, #was, #Water, #way, #weight, #were, #who, #why, #wine, #Women, #worth, #would

The task of an aper­i­tif is to excite the appetite, cause the secre­tion of sali­va and diges­tive juices, and to a cer­tain extent pre­pare the taste buds for the per­cep­tion of the taste of food. Does this mean that an aper­i­tif can make a per­son eat more than nec­es­sary? What oth­er effect does an aper­i­tif have on the body? Read the Healthy­in­fo arti­cle for answers.

Aperitif: what is it and why?

Drink­ing alco­holic bev­er­ages before meals was cus­tom­ary in the very ear­ly Mid­dle Ages. Then this was done not so much to stim­u­late appetite, but as a pre­ven­tion of many dis­eases that could be picked up with poor­ly cooked food. How­ev­er, in a com­plete­ly civ­i­lized 19th cen­tu­ry, the task of an aper­i­tif could remain the same. For exam­ple, in 1846, the French chemist Dubon­net cre­at­ed a recipe for an aper­i­tif con­tain­ing qui­nine, which was then used to treat malar­ia, and also used this bit­ter sub­stance to pre­vent a dis­ease that claimed mil­lions of lives. The bit­ter taste of qui­nine was masked by a mix­ture of var­i­ous wines, herbal extracts and spices.

By the way, malar­ia is still one of the most dan­ger­ous dis­eases. You can read about it in a sep­a­rate arti­cle.

Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of fair­ly well-to-do stra­ta of soci­ety “dab­bled in” with an aper­i­tif: there was no need for the poor to excite their appetite, they would be sat­is­fied with mea­ger food to their fill. But since then, the sit­u­a­tion has changed, and today the aper­i­tif has become a famil­iar part of the food cul­ture. A glass of wine or a shot of whiskey before lunch or din­ner is com­mon.

But is it worth spurring the appetite in this way?

How does an aperitif work?

How does an aperitif work?

Many stud­ies con­duct­ed by dif­fer­ent groups of sci­en­tists have proven that drink­ing alco­hol increas­es crav­ings for spicy and high-pro­tein foods. How­ev­er, there was no evi­dence that alco­holic bev­er­ages them­selves can cause obe­si­ty, despite being high in calo­ries.

Some sci­en­tists believe, how­ev­er, that much depends on the amount of alco­hol con­sumed: mod­er­ate con­sump­tion does not lead to weight gain, and exces­sive con­sump­tion can con­tribute to obe­si­ty. Or at least be a risk fac­tor. This is report­ed in their arti­cle pub­lished in 2015, researchers from Cana­da.

But sci­en­tists from the UK have noticed a dif­fer­ent rela­tion­ship between alco­hol and weight. Accord­ing to their obser­va­tions, peo­ple who often go on weight loss diets drink more to drown out the feel­ing of hunger. But they also more often report that it is under the influ­ence of alco­hol that they break down, lose self-con­trol, and as a result “eat up” every­thing dropped at the cost of painful restric­tions.

Japan­ese sci­en­tists inves­ti­gat­ed the rela­tion­ship between alco­hol con­sump­tion and the lev­el of lep­tin, a hor­mone that sup­press­es the feel­ing of hunger. It turned out that after the intro­duc­tion of a small amount of ethanol into the stom­ach, the lev­el of lep­tin in the blood serum changes, name­ly, it sig­nif­i­cant­ly decreas­es. Which, accord­ing­ly, leads to increased feel­ings of hunger, and this effect lasts up to 6 hours. True, lab rats were used as test sub­jects, but the authors of the study, pub­lished in 2007, are con­fi­dent that the results of their work are impor­tant for under­stand­ing the rela­tion­ship between alco­hol con­sump­tion and appetite in humans too.

Anoth­er study was con­duct­ed in the UK. It was attend­ed by women who on dif­fer­ent days were offered var­i­ous alco­holic and non-alco­holic drinks as an aper­i­tif, and then — menus of dif­fer­ent com­po­si­tion of prod­ucts. The study par­tic­i­pants were not con­cerned about being over­weight, were calm about food, and did not seek to com­ply with dietary restric­tions that could affect the out­come of the exper­i­ment. The result showed that alco­hol encour­ages peo­ple to eat more high-calo­rie foods.

Expert com­ment

Aman­da Grech, nutri­tion­ist

Amanda Grech, nutritionistIn Aus­tralia, a large-scale study of nutri­tion and health was con­duct­ed, which includ­ed infor­ma­tion on food and drink obtained from more than 9,000 adults. We have devel­oped a spe­cial obser­va­tion method that allows you to take into account the var­i­ous com­po­nents and track the inter­ac­tions between the con­sump­tion of cer­tain foods and drinks.

Our research has con­firmed that alco­hol increas­es crav­ings for high-pro­tein, high-ener­gy foods and spicy spices. 2/3 of the par­tic­i­pants after the aper­i­tif chose meals low in fat and car­bo­hy­drates, but rich in eas­i­ly digestible pro­tein. The remain­ing 30% showed more inter­est in uma­mi-fla­vored, high-fat, low-pro­tein foods. The first con­sumed an aver­age of 1750 kcal per day, the sec­ond — more than 3000 kcal. Accord­ing­ly, it is in the sec­ond group that the risk of over­weight and obe­si­ty is high. But for par­tic­i­pants in the first group, calo­rie intake rough­ly match­es their needs and ener­gy expen­di­ture. From this we con­clud­ed that alco­hol can indeed lead to weight gain, but this does not hap­pen in all cas­es.

Much of the risk stems from the fact that unhealthy, high-fat, high-car­bo­hy­drate foods are more read­i­ly avail­able and cheap­er, which is why alco­hol con­sump­tion can indeed con­tribute to the obe­si­ty epi­dem­ic, espe­cial­ly in times of cri­sis.

To drink or not to drink?

To drink or not to drink?

Busi­ness, as they say, mas­ter’s. But here’s what nutri­tion experts rec­om­mend.

    Do not forget that an aperitif does not have to contain alcohol. An aperitif can be a glass of mineral water or fruit juice, or a mixture of both. Just do not add alcohol to the juice: studies have shown that it is this mixture that most spurs hunger and makes you eat more unhealthy foods.
    Choose foods that are good sources of easily digestible protein for your menu: chicken, fish, seafood, legumes, cheese, nuts, vegetable dishes.
    Remember that the amount of alcohol you drink must be controlled and limited. And the best and safest thing is to stop using it.

We also rec­om­mend read­ing the arti­cle “Dan­ger­ous Liaisons: How Not to Com­bine Food and Alco­hol.”

glass, drink, alcohol
wine, drink, alcohol
french bulldog, wallpaper 4k, dog
french bulldog, mac wallpaper, dog
french bulldog, dog, animal

Shut­ter­stock pho­to mate­ri­als used

By Yraa

Leave a Reply