Chronic gastritis is an inflammatory disease, which accounts for more than 80% of all stomach pathologies. With this disease in the mucous layer of the stomach develops persisting for a long time, periodically relapsing inflammation, leading to pronounced morphofunctional changes in this organ. Below we look at chronic gastritis in terms of symptoms, diet, and medication.
Clinical picture in chronic gastritis
Chronic gastritis is accompanied by quite specific symptoms.
First of all, with this disease, there are complaints about a feeling of heaviness, discomfort, dull soreness in the stomach that occurs after eating. Another characteristic symptom is nausea after eating. In some cases, there are single bouts of vomiting that do not bring relief.
In addition, the clinical picture may be supplemented by heartburn, sour belching. Characterized by a decrease in appetite, the appearance of an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, a whitish coating on the tongue.
Symptoms may vary somewhat depending on whether gastric secretion is increased or decreased.
With gastritis with high acidity, in addition to discomfort after eating, there may be a pain syndrome that occurs during long breaks between meals, including at night, which is associated with the aggressive effect of hydrochloric acid on the mucous membrane.
Patients with chronic gastritis often experience various stool disorders, such as diarrhea. The stomach of a sick person is swollen, complaints of weakness, periodic dizziness join.
Diet and drugs for chronic gastritis
In case of increased acidity of gastric juice, treatment table No. 1 is prescribed. With a decrease in the production of hydrochloric acid, diet No. 2 is indicated.
In both cases, the patient should eat fractionally, in small portions. Fried, pickled, smoked dishes are excluded, all food consumed should be as gentle as possible for the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.
Long intervals between meals should not be allowed. Carbonated and alcoholic drinks are strictly prohibited.
As for drugs, they should only be used as prescribed by a specialist.
The primary direction in the treatment of chronic gastritis is eradication therapy, carried out when a Helicobacter pylori infection is detected. It includes taking antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors, products containing bismuth.
Proton pump inhibitors can also be prescribed separately if necessary to reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid.
In addition, in a chronic inflammatory process, antacids and gastroprotectors can be prescribed. The treatment plan can be supplemented with methylmethionine sulfonium chloride (vitamin U), which is an effective method of protecting the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, which was proven by scientists from the Astrakhan State Medical University in a paper published in 2021.
Various physiotherapeutic procedures are also carried out, for example, electrophoresis.