Flatulence: causes of its occurrence, prevention and treatment

By Yraa #abdomen, #abdominal, #absorption, #according, #activity, #added, #adherence, #affect, #affected, #affecting, #affordable, #air, #alcohol, #almost, #already, #although, #altogether, #always, #amount, #another, #any, #apples, #appointment, #apricots, #arise, #article, #asparagus, #attention, #author, #avoid, #bad, #baked, #balance, #beans, #becomes, #been, #begins, #behavior, #believed, #beneficial, #beverages, #bloating, #blood, #boiled, #bran, #breath, #cabbage, #called, #capable, #carbohydrates, #carbonated, #cases, #cause, #caused, #causes, #causing, #cavity, #coffee, #cold, #come, #complementary, #completely, #composition, #conducted, #considered, #constantly, #consult, #contain, #containing, #contains, #content, #contribute, #contributes, #Control, #corn, #countries, #covered, #crust, #deal, #deficiency, #depends, #develop, #diabetes, #diagnosed, #diarrhea, #diary, #diet, #dietary, #different, #digested, #digestion, #digestive, #dill, #discharge, #disease, #diseases, #disorders, #dried, #drink, #drinking, #drinks, #eat, #eating, #effect, #effectiveness, #effects, #eliminate, #eliminating, #enough, #enters, #especially, #etc, #even, #examination, #example, #excess, #exit, #expressive, #factors, #fans, #fats, #fatty, #fear, #feeling, #felt, #fiber, #food, #foods, #form, #formation, #fractionally, #fragrant, #fresh, #function, #functional, #further, #gas, #gastrointestinal, #generation, #gentle, #gets, #give, #glucose, #go, #Good, #grain, #gum, #gums, #gut, #habit, #habits, #half, #hand, #happens, #Healthy, #healthyinfo, #heartburn, #heating, #help, #here, #high, #his, #homemade, #hot, #however, #identify, #include, #includes, #increased, #increases, #influence, #interesting, #intestinal, #intestines, #intolerance, #italian, #journal, #just, #keep, #kind, #know, #known, #lack, #lactose, #learn, #legumes, #lentils, #less, #levels, #lifestyle, #likelihood, #likely, #list, #literally, #long, #lot, #lungs, #m, #made, #malnutrition, #manage, #may, #maybe, #meals, #measures, #medicine, #mediterranean, #methods, #milk, #mint, #mix, #monitor, #moreover, #move, #namely, #natural, #nevertheless, #norm, #normal, #normalize, #normalizes, #noticeable, #now, #nutrition, #observed, #occurs, #Oil, #operation, #oral, #organs, #others, #our, #oxygen, #pancreas, #pastries, #peas, #people, #pieces, #portions, #potato, #Power, #prepared, #previously, #primary, #problems, #process, #processing, #production, #Products, #properties, #proteins, #prunes, #published, #quality, #quit, #radish, #rather, #reality, #reason, #reasons, #Reduce, #reduces, #refuse, #release, #released, #remain, #remedy, #removal, #reported, #requires, #results, #rid, #root, #rule, #run, #safely, #sauerkraut, #say, #scientists, #sea, #season, #sedentary, #seeds, #seem, #sensations, #serious, #several, #side, #significant, #significantly, #similar, #small, #smell, #smoking, #soda, #solve, #some, #someone, #sometimes, #special, #start, #steamed, #stew, #still, #stool, #study, #suffering, #sugar, #swallow, #sweet, #sweets, #symptoms, #system, #systems, #t, #take, #taken, #tea, #teeth, #themselves, #thinking, #thoroughly, #those, #thousand, #times, #too, #tract, #traditional, #traditionally, #transition, #treatment, #true, #truth, #try, #turned, #Types, #under, #undergo, #unpleasant, #used, #various, #very, #was, #Water, #way, #were, #while, #whole, #will, #world, #worse, #worth, #would, #yeast

Gas suf­fer­ing in 2022 cov­ered almost half of the globe. Espe­cial­ly in the run-up to the cold sea­son, when the lack of gas used for heat­ing and pow­er gen­er­a­tion is felt in many coun­tries. But Healthy­in­fo sug­gests talk­ing about com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent gas­es — those, the excess of which caus­es a lot of prob­lems for many peo­ple, or rather, intesti­nal gas­es, or flat­u­lence.

Excess gas and bloating

It’s always like this: some peo­ple don’t have enough gas, oth­ers don’t know how to get rid of it. There is no bal­ance in the world, and, appar­ent­ly, there will not be any more. But some prob­lems can still be solved.

As for flat­u­lence, then for a start it is worth under­stand­ing what it is. Some­times it is called bloat­ing, but this is not entire­ly true, as the stom­ach can swell for var­i­ous rea­sons. Flat­u­lence is an increased release of gas in the diges­tive sys­tem, and its exit to the out­side through the anus. If gas is released not in the intestines, but in the stom­ach, then it can come out in the form of belch­ing.

Dur­ing diges­tion, the for­ma­tion of some amount of gas is a nor­mal process. Prob­lems arise when the amount of gas­es becomes too large. The norm is the emis­sion of gas­es 13–21 times dur­ing the day.

Not that flat­u­lence was dan­ger­ous: burst­ing from it will not work. But this prob­lem seri­ous­ly reduces the qual­i­ty of life. And not only because of the unpleas­ant sen­sa­tions that arise, but also because of the fear of pub­licly “let­ting the winds go”. Although in some coun­tries this is not at all con­sid­ered rep­re­hen­si­ble or shame­ful, and if some­one is impa­tient to “deflate”, then peo­ple do it with­out hes­i­ta­tion. Maybe it’s more healthy, but our cul­ture has oth­er norms of behav­ior.

By the way, the com­po­si­tion of intesti­nal gas­es is known. Most often, the com­po­si­tion includes oxy­gen, nitro­gen, hydro­gen, car­bon diox­ide, and some­times methane.

Sev­er­al fac­tors can influ­ence the amount of “wind” that gath­ers in the abdomen. We list the main caus­es of increased gas for­ma­tion.

Diseases of the digestive system

Diseases of the digestive system

Increased for­ma­tion of intesti­nal gas­es occurs with a num­ber of dis­eases, these are:

    gastroparesis;
    celiac disease;
    gastroenteritis;
    cholelithiasis;
    diverticulitis;
    giardiasis;
    lactose intolerance;
    irritable bowel syndrome;
    Crohn’s disease;
    gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD);
    autoimmune pancreatitis and some other diseases.

Amer­i­can sci­en­tists report in their arti­cle, pub­lished in 2022, that after the removal of the gall­blad­der, symp­toms sim­i­lar to those observed before the chole­cys­tec­to­my oper­a­tion may remain for a long time. These include not only intol­er­ance to fat­ty foods, heart­burn, stool dis­or­ders, but very often — and flat­u­lence too.

Problems with teeth and gums

And this is not sur­pris­ing, because the pri­ma­ry pro­cess­ing of food begins in the oral cav­i­ty, on which its fur­ther assim­i­la­tion depends. If a per­son has a toothache, food is chewed worse, does not mix well with sali­va con­tain­ing diges­tive enzymes. And then it is worse digest­ed, which caus­es the for­ma­tion of gas­es in the intestines.

Diabetes

This seri­ous dis­ease, affect­ing lit­er­al­ly all organs and sys­tems, requires spe­cial atten­tion, since the gas­troin­testi­nal tract is affect­ed in the vast major­i­ty of cas­es. In dia­betes mel­li­tus, the work of the pan­creas is dis­rupt­ed, gas­tro­pare­sis, gas­troe­sophageal reflux, and gluten intol­er­ance often devel­op. More­over, the symp­toms of flat­u­lence can per­sist even after dia­betes is “tak­en under con­trol” and blood glu­cose lev­els nor­mal­ize. In addi­tion, a num­ber of hypo­glycemic drugs that peo­ple with dia­betes have to take con­stant­ly also cause a bunch of side effects that affect the work of the intestines.

Smoking

It would seem — what does smok­ing have to do with it? Harm­ful smoke is inhaled into the lungs, but they do not seem to com­mu­ni­cate with the intestines. Nev­er­the­less, smok­ing and flat­u­lence are close­ly relat­ed.

Swedish sci­en­tists in 2016 report­ed the results of their study, which was attend­ed by more than 16.8 thou­sand peo­ple. It turned out that not only smok­ing now, but also adher­ence to this bad habit in the past sig­nif­i­cant­ly increas­es the like­li­hood of such gas­troin­testi­nal prob­lems as flat­u­lence, abdom­i­nal pain, and func­tion­al diar­rhea. The arti­cle was pub­lished in the Scan­di­na­vian Jour­nal of Gas­troen­terol­o­gy.

So if you are still smok­ing, quit imme­di­ate­ly. And then not only the breath will not be fra­grant, but the amount of exhaust on the oth­er hand will increase.

food products

food products

It has long been known that a num­ber of prod­ucts con­tribute to increased gas for­ma­tion. As a rule, this is the kind of food that con­tains a lot of insol­u­ble dietary fiber and car­bo­hy­drates. Pro­teins and fats are less like­ly to cause flat­u­lence, but pro­teins can make the smell of intesti­nal gas­es more expres­sive and notice­able (not to say fetid).

Here are some foods to avoid with a ten­den­cy to flat­u­lence:

    all types of cabbage in any form: fresh, sauerkraut, stew, etc.;
    peas, lentils, beans and other legumes;
    asparagus;
    milk — especially with lactase deficiency;
    bran — any, as well as whole grain products;
    corn;
    apples, pears, peaches;
    dried fruits, especially dried apricots and prunes;
    artichokes;
    mushrooms;
    potato;
    sweet pastries from yeast dough;
    radish, radish, daikon, swede.

It is espe­cial­ly impor­tant to mon­i­tor the diet for those diag­nosed with var­i­ous bow­el dis­eases.

An inter­est­ing study was con­duct­ed by Ital­ian sci­en­tists. An arti­cle pub­lished in 2021 report­ed on the effect of diet on the ten­den­cy to flat­u­lence and increased gas pro­duc­tion. It turned out that in a healthy per­son, a change in nutri­tion almost does not cause changes in metab­o­lism. How­ev­er, if there were pre­vi­ous­ly vio­la­tions of the diges­tive organs, then the tran­si­tion to the Mediter­ranean diet, which is right­ly con­sid­ered one of the health­i­est, can cause increased gas for­ma­tion, a feel­ing of bloat­ing, rum­bling and seething. How­ev­er, as the bow­el func­tion nor­mal­izes, these phe­nom­e­na sub­side.

Beverages

First of all, these are var­i­ous sweet car­bon­at­ed drinks. And not only because they are swal­lowed along with gas, which does not always have time to go back with a belch and gets to the intestines. But also because these drinks are just a sea of ​​​​car­bo­hy­drates. Even though they are “diet with no added sug­ar”, they are high in sweet­en­ers. Which in them­selves are often capa­ble of caus­ing flat­u­lence, diar­rhea and bloat­ing. Exam­ples of such sweet­en­ers are xyl­i­tol, man­ni­tol, etc.

In addi­tion, increased gas for­ma­tion can cause cof­fee and caf­feinat­ed drinks, some home­made tinc­tures with alco­hol con­tent (for exam­ple, made from black­thorn).

habits

Name­ly, those that con­tribute to the swal­low­ing of air, which then enters the stom­ach and intestines. This hap­pens, for exam­ple, with active con­ver­sa­tions while eat­ing and drink­ing, with greedy absorp­tion of food in large pieces, with­out chew­ing thor­ough­ly, when eat­ing too hot or too cold food.

Chew­ing gum is anoth­er rea­son for swal­low­ing air. In addi­tion, it often con­tains a sig­nif­i­cant amount of sweet­en­ers, which we have already men­tioned — xyl­i­tol, sor­bitol and oth­ers that can cause flat­u­lence.

Fans of suck­ing on lol­lipops and oth­er lol­lipops also usu­al­ly man­age to swal­low air dur­ing this activ­i­ty. And these sweets also usu­al­ly con­tain gas-form­ing sweet­en­ers.

How to deal with the “winds”?

How to deal with the

It is best to con­sult a doc­tor and under­go an exam­i­na­tion to iden­ti­fy the caus­es of increased gas for­ma­tion. Elim­i­nat­ing the root cause will help solve the prob­lem.

While wait­ing for a doc­tor’s appoint­ment, you can take some mea­sures that often give a good effect.

    Keep a food diary that will help you identify the foods your gut reacts to the most.
    Eliminate these foods, or reduce their amount in the diet.
    Eat fractionally, in small portions, not too hot or cold food prepared with gentle methods (steamed, boiled, baked without a crust).
    Try to chew your food well.
    There is no hurry.
    Avoid chewing gum.
    Reduce the amount of sweets and sweet soda in the diet, but it is better to refuse them altogether.
    Move more: A sedentary lifestyle also contributes to flatulence.
    Drink enough water: this will help digestion. But only not during meals, but during the day.

It is believed that a decoc­tion of dill seeds (“dill water”), tea with the addi­tion of mint con­tributes to the pain­less dis­charge of gas­es.

Iran­ian sci­en­tist M. Mah­bu­bi reports in his arti­cle on the results of a study on the effec­tive­ness of pep­per­mint oil, tra­di­tion­al­ly used in ori­en­tal med­i­cine for var­i­ous diges­tive dis­or­ders. Accord­ing to the author, this nat­ur­al and afford­able rem­e­dy can be safe­ly used in cas­es of flat­u­lence caused by mal­nu­tri­tion, irri­ta­ble bow­el syn­drome, etc. The work was pub­lished in 2017 in the Jour­nal of Tra­di­tion­al and Com­ple­men­tary Med­i­cine.

Pep­per­mint has oth­er ben­e­fi­cial prop­er­ties, which you can learn about in the arti­cle “The whole truth about mint: wish­ful think­ing and real­i­ty.”

By Yraa

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