Gastrointestinal diseases are an extensive group of pathologies, mainly including inflammatory processes of the stomach and intestines of various etiologies. In addition to drug therapy, proper nutrition plays a significant role in the treatment of such diseases. In this article, we will talk about the gastrointestinal diet — treatment table number 2.
To begin with, let’s figure out for what diseases treatment table No. 2 is prescribed? This diet is primarily indicated for chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency during a period of not pronounced inflammation. Chronic gastritis is one of the most common non-communicable diseases and ranks first in the structure of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, which was proved by scientists from the Yaroslavl State Medical University in a paper published in 2021.
Also, diet number 2 is used for acute gastritis, acute and chronic inflammation of the small and large intestines.
How to eat right with the treatment table number 2?
The main direction of this diet is a moderate sparing of the organs of the digestive system.
Dishes that have undergone various heat treatments are allowed to be consumed, in particular boiled, stewed, baked and even fried, but without a rough crust.
It is advisable to grind the products before eating them, but there are no strict recommendations regarding this point. Under the ban are indigestible food, very hot and very cold dishes.
A sick person is recommended a fractional diet — four or five times a day with a small amount of a single serving. Be sure to drink enough — at least one and a half liters of fluid during the day.
List of prohibited and permitted products
To begin with, let’s figure out what you can eat with the treatment table number 2.
First of all, the patient can eat stale bread made from wheat flour, lean bakery products. Cottage cheese, milk, kefir and other fermented milk products are also allowed. In the diet, you can enter soups on low-fat meat or fish, vegetable broth, lean meats and fish (preferably in the form of cutlets, less often — a piece).
Various cereals cooked in milk or water, having a semi-viscous consistency, vegetables, ripe and soft fruits and berries in grated form, soft-boiled eggs — all this is allowed to be consumed.
What foods should be avoided on diet #2? These include:
today’s bread, pastry and puff pastry products;
fatty meat, canned meat and smoked meats;
fatty fish, smoked, salted and canned fish dishes;
pearl barley, barley and corn grits, millet — limited;
mushrooms and legumes, cucumbers, sweet peppers, onions;
unripe berries and fruits with coarse grains or skins;
savory snacks and more.
As for drinks, with this diet, you can drink tea with the addition of milk, coffee, vegetable and berry juices, previously diluted with water, rosehip broth. It is recommended to give up kvass and grape juice.