Not far off the New Year. It is impossible to imagine a festive table without tangerines. How to choose delicious, high-quality fruits that will please not only adults, but also children? What benefits do these citrus fruits bring to our health? Healthyinfo will tell about it.
A bit of history
Tangerines appeared in Europe relatively recently, only two hundred years ago. They were brought from China at the beginning of the 19th century.
China is still the main supplier of these fruits to the world market. But there are countries whose tangerines taste better than Chinese ones. In particular, these are those located on the Mediterranean Sea: Spain, Italy, France, Morocco, Egypt, Turkey. The Mediterranean climate is conducive to the ripening of these fruits, where they gain full maturity, taste and aroma.
Tangerines are also grown in the republics of the former Soviet Union: Georgia, Abkhazia, Azerbaijan.
health benefits of tangerines
Tangerines, like all citrus fruits, contain a large amount of vitamin C. It has a beneficial effect on the immune system and increases the body’s defenses. This is especially valuable in autumn and winter, during the cold season.
Tangerines are good for the cardiovascular system, they contain potassium, which is necessary for its normal functioning. Thanks to the fruit acids contained in them, they cleanse the vessels of cholesterol and prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis. This leads to the normalization of blood pressure, the heart becomes easier to work.
Tangerines, like other citrus fruits, have the ability to dissolve fats, and therefore prevent the development of obesity.
The fruit acids contained in them dissolve thick mucus, so these fruits are useful in diseases of the respiratory tract, bronchi and lungs, they clear them of phlegm.
Tangerines are also detrimental to parasites, in particular, helminths. Fruit acids create an unfavorable environment for them in the gastrointestinal tract.
On a note!
Tangerines improve mood, this property is well known. Therefore, they can be called an antidepressant. When the house is filled with the smell of tangerines, it improves the mood, excites pleasant emotions.
Properties of tangerines from different countries
On sale you can find tangerines imported from Morocco, Spain, Israel, etc. Let’s see how they differ from each other.
In appearance, the fruits are small, bright orange, sometimes almost red. They have a characteristic feature by which they can be easily recognized: a dent in the center of the fruit.
The skin is thin and easy to peel. Mandarins taste very sweet and juicy. They also have almost no bones.
In appearance they are quite large, bright orange. Peel with large pores, easily removed. Often they have green twigs (by the way, fruits with twigs stay fresh longer). There are few seeds (there are varieties without them). The taste is excellent.
These tangerines ripen only in the middle of winter, so they are not on sale by the New Year. The peel of the fruit is highly shiny, thin, easy to peel. There are no bones. The taste is sweet, some even consider them the best.
By the way, another variety of tangerines is also supplied from Israel. Their taste is less juicy, sometimes even dryish. They have a light, thick skin, by which they can be easily distinguished.
They are cheap compared to others. Light orange or yellow in color. The skin is thin and hard to peel. Compared to fruits from other countries, they have the most seeds. The taste is sweet and sour.
They ripen at the end of December, so they are often on sale before the New Year.
The fruits are small, yellow with a thin skin. There are almost no seeds, only a few small seeds are found. Abkhazian tangerines are juicy and sour.
In addition to ordinary fruits, there are those bred by hybridization. These are clementine and mineola. The most famous are clementines. They are small and bright orange.
Mineola fruits have a reddish tint, shaped like a pear.
Both hybrid varieties have excellent taste, sweet and juicy.
A year ago, employees of Roskontrol visited a number of Moscow markets to check the tangerines that were sold there. They were interested in whether the countries of origin of these fruits correspond to the information declared by the traders.
The sellers claimed that they were selling Abkhazian tangerines. On the price tags it was written: “Abkhazian tangerines”, “Sukhumi tangerines”. However, during the investigation it turned out that in fact the fruits were delivered from China.
Sellers under various pretexts refused to provide certificates for the goods. Clarity was made by the director of one of the markets. She said that the tangerines are Chinese, but they are sold under the guise of Abkhaz. The reason is that buyers do not trust Chinese fruits, Abkhazian fruits suit them more, so they are ready to pay more for them.
There is one more circumstance. Sellers are afraid to name the exporting country, because in 2014 there were cases of serious poisoning with Chinese tangerines in Barnaul and Karaganda. It is possible that this was due to the increased use of pesticides in the cultivation of these fruits. For these reasons, sellers change the name “Chinese” to “Abkhazian”.
How to choose quality fruits
Soft spots, skin stains, mold, etc. they talk about poor quality, so you don’t need to take such fruits. This goes without saying.
The skin should peel off easily. If it is easily removed, then the fruit is ripe, juicy, tasty.
Large varieties are usually more sour than small ones. Medium sized tangerines tend to taste the best.
Another hint: the fruits of sweet varieties are heavier in weight than sour ones. In light fruits, there is not enough liquid, which means juiciness.
How to store tangerines
These fruits are stored in the refrigerator, in the fruit compartment. Shelf life is not more than a month. Don’t put them in a plastic bag, they need air circulation.
It is best to wrap each fruit in tissue paper so they stay fresh longer. Some people lubricate tangerines with odorless vegetable oil, this allows them to retain juiciness and not be subject to mold.
Mandarins contain a large amount of fruit acids. Therefore, they are not recommended for people with certain medical conditions. It:
gastritis with high acidity,
Tangerines, like many citrus fruits, can cause allergies. Therefore, people who are prone to it, as well as asthmatics and diabetics, should avoid them.
Tangerines can be included in the children’s diet only after the child is one year old. This should be done carefully, following the reaction of the child’s body. Watch carefully to see if your baby is allergic to them.
How to grow tangerine at home
Experts in this field believe that the easiest way to grow a tangerine tree at home is by buying a seedling in a flower shop. He has already grown up, grafted, so there are more chances that the tree will take root and bear fruit.
But if you want to get a tree from a stone, here’s how to do it.
1. Take 10–15 tangerine seeds. Soak them in gauze for a few days. To do this, put them in a saucer, but do not fill it with water to the top, but only moisten the gauze so that it is constantly wet.
2. Place pebbles or expanded clay balls at the bottom of the flower pot. They are needed for drainage so that the roots do not rot. Drainage layer — 2–3 cm.
3. Fill the pot with earth. Experts advise buying ready-made soil “Rose” or “Biohumus”, then the probability of successful growth will be higher.
4. When sprouts appear from the seeds, select the strongest and strongest of them and plant them in a pot filled with earth. Active growth of the plant will begin approximately three weeks after planting.
Inna Kriksunova, author of more than three dozen books on beauty and a healthy lifestyle
We all love tangerines since childhood. We associate them with the New Year, the smell of the Christmas tree, the New Year holidays, to which our parents took us, and where we received packages with gifts.
As adults, we think more about where to buy safe food for our children. It must be admitted that so far not all of our trading floors can guarantee the purchase of high-quality goods.
The danger of running into a fake is especially great in the markets. There, the regulatory authorities do not always check the products in good faith. It’s no secret that the necessary “certificate” can be obtained for a certain bribe, so there are loopholes for violations.
I’m not talking about the stalls and tents located right on the street. There is no need to remember about strict control.
Based on this, now it is still safer to buy food in large supermarkets and supermarkets. Especially when it comes to tangerines — fruits that our children love so much! Large retail enterprises are under constant control. The probability of entry of food products hazardous to health is rather small.