Children after the illness still feel weak for some time. And this is normal, because during the illness, the baby’s body spent a lot of energy fighting infection and viruses. But what aspects of the child’s behavior should be paid attention to so as not to miss the symptoms of heart disease?
Prevention of heart disease in children after infection
The growth, development of the child and his health depend on whether the baby’s heart develops correctly, does it have time to get stronger to cope with stress and is it able to withstand the attack of viruses?
A child’s heart is very vulnerable, it can suffer as a result of many diseases: pyelonephritis, measles, chickenpox, pneumonia, tonsillitis or the common cold. The transferred infection is sometimes capable of provoking the process of inflammation of the heart muscle — myocarditis. Toxic substances that are released by viruses and bacteria cause damage to the muscle fibers of the child’s myocardium. As a result, the child’s heart beats faster or slower than necessary, its cavities can expand, and most importantly, it weakens.
If children have had any infection, you should carefully monitor them for a month. Symptoms of the myocardium appear, as a rule, in the third or fourth week after recovery, when, it would seem, there is no place to wait for trouble. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to how children tolerate physical activities? Do they take part in active games? Do they get tired quickly? Do they have shortness of breath after outdoor games or running? If there is lethargy, fatigue, lack of appetite, bad mood or even swelling of the legs — you should pay attention to such symptoms and show the baby to a pediatric cardiologist.
To facilitate the work of the child’s heart, within a month after any infection, it is necessary to clearly monitor the level of physical activity of the child.
It is not recommended to worry him, we are talking about pleasant excitement (surprise is also stressful). Putting the baby to sleep, walking with him for a walk and feeding should be at a certain time.
You need to check your pulse regularly. The normal frequency of strokes in a newborn child is 150–160, in children after a year — 120, and after five years — 100 per minute. The pulse rate should be checked at rest: in conditions of physical activity and as a result of unrest, the pulse naturally increases. If the baby’s heartbeat is abnormal, you need to show the child to the doctor.
Diet in the nutrition of a child after an infection
To improve the health of children after illness, it is recommended to follow a diet that strengthens the heart muscle. Kids should eat protein foods daily: meat, fish products, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt. Fried, spicy, salty and smoked dishes are excluded from the diet. The food of the child should be five times a day, and the portions should be small. Children often do not want to eat breakfast. And you don’t have to force it! Let him have a little snack, and at about eleven o’clock you can have breakfast. An important rule in nutrition is not to overfeed at night: this negatively affects the health of children. For a weakened heart, a hearty dinner is an ordeal. The last meal should be two hours before bedtime, and before bedtime you can give an apple, a glass of kefir, low-fat yogurt.
In addition, the heart muscle needs potassium, as well as vitamins of group B. The latter can be purchased at the pharmacy in the form of vitamin complexes, and the use of raisins, bananas, dried apricots, bananas, figs, prunes, persimmons, as well as baked potatoes in uniform, eggplant, oatmeal, semolina, buckwheat and barley porridge.
It is not worth completely abandoning fats: such diets adversely affect the health of children due to a lack of nutrients. It is not recommended to use such a diet during the period of active growth. Experts say that in the diet of a child of two years of age and older, the proportion of fat consumed should not exceed 30% of all daily calories. Fatty red sea fish is extremely useful in this regard.
It is necessary to give children salads made from fresh vegetables with the addition of vegetable oil, which contains a large amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids that supply energy to the heart muscle and play an important role in the process of cell repair. Thanks to the beneficial qualities of this food product, fat-soluble vitamins A, D and E, so necessary for a weakened heart, are better absorbed from fresh vegetable salads and greens.
Healthy drinks and fresh air for cheerfulness and health of children
Is the baby lethargic and tired quickly? No need to follow the example of some mothers who offer their child strong tea or coffee for breakfast, trying to add vigor to him. With one cup of coffee, the body receives about 200 mg of caffeine. Even as a medicine, this substance is prescribed to children in doses four times smaller than that contained in one cup of coffee. The action of caffeine forces the baby’s weakened heart to beat at an accelerated pace, which has an extremely negative effect on his health.
It is advisable to replace traditional coffee with chicory. Children can also be offered tea, but only weak and with milk — it neutralizes the negative effects of caffeine.
But delicious cocoa cooked in milk can be safely included in the child’s diet. Such a drink will only benefit the children’s heart — it contains magnesium, which is very necessary for it. But at the same time, do not forget that the less sweetness in cocoa, the better — the sugar added to the drink prevents the absorption of magnesium and other beneficial substances.
Great for children to cheer up walks in the fresh air. You do not need to immediately offer the baby to run or play active games. During a short walk during daylight hours, you can offer him to feed the ducks in the pond, collect leaves, or just take a walk in the park. It is not recommended to send the child to kindergarten immediately the next day after discharge, it is advisable to stay at home with him for a couple of days. Although the child is already healthy, his body has not yet fully recovered from the illness and, as a rule, it is still difficult for him to withstand the physical and emotional stress of a preschool institution.
Proper nutrition and moderate physical activity will help the baby recover faster from illness, gain strength for growth and activity.
Cardiology. National guide / ed. E. V. Shlyakhto - 2015