Nutrition for pharyngitis: features of the disease, what foods can be eaten with a sore throat

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Pharyn­gi­tis refers to those dis­eases that have a pro­nounced sea­son­al char­ac­ter. Their surge falls on the cold sea­son. Although peo­ple often get sick with bac­te­r­i­al and oth­er pharyn­gi­tis in the sum­mer heat, espe­cial­ly small patients.

With pharyn­gi­tis, the tem­per­a­ture does not always rise, but there are usu­al­ly com­plaints about:

    perspiration, causing bouts of dry cough;
    pain in the throat, which becomes especially strong during coughing or swallowing food;
    weakness, general malaise.

In order to speed up recov­ery and avoid chron­ic inflam­ma­tion caused by path­o­gen­ic microor­gan­isms or result­ing from hypother­mia, trau­ma, etc., affect­ing the mucous mem­brane of the phar­ynx, it is nec­es­sary to strict­ly fol­low the rec­om­men­da­tions of a gen­er­al prac­ti­tion­er or an oto­laryn­gol­o­gist, adhere to a ther­a­peu­tic and pro­phy­lac­tic diet.

The nutri­tion of a patient with acute inflam­ma­tion of the phar­ynx should cor­re­spond to the treat­ment table No. 13, devel­oped in the thir­ties of the last cen­tu­ry by the Sovi­et sci­en­tist Manuil Isaakovich Pevzn­er. This diet is rec­om­mend­ed to patients for the peri­od of acute inflam­ma­to­ry dis­eases, includ­ing pharyn­gi­tis.

Spe­cial nutri­tion is the only effec­tive weapon to com­bat the symp­toms of sub­a­t­roph­ic chron­ic pharyn­gi­tis, which occurs against the back­ground of a vio­la­tion of local immu­ni­ty of the pha­ryn­geal mucosa and is not amenable to drug treat­ment.

Principles of therapeutic and preventive nutrition for inflammation of the pharynx

Principles of therapeutic and preventive nutrition for inflammation of the pharynx

If a patient has pharyn­gi­tis, he usu­al­ly has a decrease in appetite. More­over, every attempt to swal­low some­thing is accom­pa­nied by unpleas­ant pain in the throat. There­fore, nutri­tion dur­ing acute inflam­ma­tion of the phar­ynx should be light, spar­ing, in order to exclude addi­tion­al injury to the mucous mem­branes.

    We recommend eating small meals 5–6 times a day.
    All meals should be warm, as too hot or cold food can provoke a sore throat.
    For the same reason, it is better to refuse products with a sharp taste (spicy, sour), too hard, scratching the mucous membranes (crackers, chips, etc.).
    Too fatty, fried, smoked dishes are contraindicated.

We advise you to exclude fast food and prod­ucts of deep indus­tri­al pro­cess­ing with an unknown com­po­si­tion from the ther­a­peu­tic and pre­ven­tive diet.

The total calo­rie con­tent of the dai­ly diet can vary in the range from 2500 to 2800 kcal.

A bal­anced menu should con­tain:

    food sources of “slow” carbohydrates, dietary fiber (whole grains, vegetables, fruits, leafy greens, seaweed);
    foods rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (unrefined vegetable oils, seafood, nuts, seeds);
    dietary protein products (chicken breast, rabbit, veal, eggs, low-fat dairy products).

What foods and dishes to include in the diet for pharyngitis

What foods and dishes to include in the diet for pharyngitis

Dur­ing acute inflam­ma­tion, when appetite is reduced, we rec­om­mend drink­ing more (at least 8 cups per day). The liq­uid will help remove tox­ic waste prod­ucts of the body, includ­ing those that remain after the fight against virus­es, bac­te­ria and oth­er path­o­gen­ic microflo­ra.

The main thing is that the drink is warm. In addi­tion to water, it is pleas­ant and use­ful to use:

    natural fresh juices, diluted with warm water;
    homemade jelly;
    compotes;
    decoctions of medicinal plants with antimicrobial activity;
    teas, you can with honey;
    kefir;
    drinking natural yogurt;
    drink produced by milk fungus;
    infusion of kombucha, etc.

It is very use­ful to include bone or chick­en broth in the diet of patients with pharyn­gi­tis, which is rec­om­mend­ed to drink warm, like a drink. It has an anti-inflam­ma­to­ry effect, helps to acti­vate the body’s immune defens­es.

In the diet menu for inflam­ma­tion of the phar­ynx, the num­ber of veg­etable dish­es from foods that are valu­able food sources of micronu­tri­ents should be increased, includ­ing:

    vitamin A, which promotes tissue regeneration;
    vitamin C, which has an anti-inflammatory effect;
    vitamin E, which has antioxidant properties, etc.

Soups and any oth­er veg­etable and cere­al dish­es are rec­om­mend­ed to puree before use.

Whole grain pas­ta is allowed, as it enrich­es the diet of patients with pharyn­gi­tis with valu­able nutri­ents.

Pro­bi­ot­ic prod­ucts, hav­ing a ben­e­fi­cial effect on the state of the intesti­nal microflo­ra, acti­vate the immune sys­tem. These include:

    natural yogurt and other fermented milk products of normal or reduced fat content;
    sauerkraut;
    kimchi.

Ani­mal foods, which are valu­able sources of amino acids, are essen­tial to fight dis­ease, but they should not be high in sat­u­rat­ed fat. There­fore, for the prepa­ra­tion of healthy dish­es, lean meats and fish are cho­sen. The best option for fish and meat dish­es for the dura­tion of the ill­ness will be:

    steam cutlets;
    meatballs;
    soufflé, etc.

Anoth­er valu­able pro­tein prod­uct, which is also rich in beta-glu­cans that stim­u­late the pro­duc­tion of secre­to­ry immunoglob­u­lins A (sIgA), are mush­rooms (shi­itake, reishi, maitake).

The best options for a vit­a­min dessert or a full-fledged snack dur­ing the day for patients with pharyn­gi­tis:

    a handful of berries;
    banana;
    fruit and vegetable smoothies.

What foods to exclude from the diet for pharyngitis

What foods to exclude from the diet for pharyngitis

Since refined sug­ar in the diet reduces the immune defense of the body and is asso­ci­at­ed with the risk of inflam­ma­tion, it is bet­ter to exclude it from the diet. If strep throat is diag­nosed, instead of ready-made sweets, you can eat small amounts of prod­ucts with organ­ic sug­ars, for exam­ple:

    natural honey;
    dried fruits;
    maple syrup;
    stevia extract, etc.

Foods high in trans fats or sat­u­rat­ed fat­ty acids are not rec­om­mend­ed, such as:

    fatty meats;
    sour cream;
    spreads, etc.

Alco­holic and car­bon­at­ed drinks should not be con­sumed dur­ing ill­ness, as they can addi­tion­al­ly irri­tate the throat and con­tribute to the devel­op­ment of inflam­ma­tion.

We advise you to refuse any chilled dish­es, includ­ing dairy desserts, ice cream, as they can aggra­vate the patho­log­i­cal symp­toms of the dis­ease.

By Yraa

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