Pharyngitis refers to those diseases that have a pronounced seasonal character. Their surge falls on the cold season. Although people often get sick with bacterial and other pharyngitis in the summer heat, especially small patients.
With pharyngitis, the temperature does not always rise, but there are usually complaints about:
perspiration, causing bouts of dry cough;
pain in the throat, which becomes especially strong during coughing or swallowing food;
weakness, general malaise.
In order to speed up recovery and avoid chronic inflammation caused by pathogenic microorganisms or resulting from hypothermia, trauma, etc., affecting the mucous membrane of the pharynx, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of a general practitioner or an otolaryngologist, adhere to a therapeutic and prophylactic diet.
The nutrition of a patient with acute inflammation of the pharynx should correspond to the treatment table No. 13, developed in the thirties of the last century by the Soviet scientist Manuil Isaakovich Pevzner. This diet is recommended to patients for the period of acute inflammatory diseases, including pharyngitis.
Special nutrition is the only effective weapon to combat the symptoms of subatrophic chronic pharyngitis, which occurs against the background of a violation of local immunity of the pharyngeal mucosa and is not amenable to drug treatment.
Principles of therapeutic and preventive nutrition for inflammation of the pharynx
If a patient has pharyngitis, he usually has a decrease in appetite. Moreover, every attempt to swallow something is accompanied by unpleasant pain in the throat. Therefore, nutrition during acute inflammation of the pharynx should be light, sparing, in order to exclude additional injury to the mucous membranes.
We recommend eating small meals 5–6 times a day.
All meals should be warm, as too hot or cold food can provoke a sore throat.
For the same reason, it is better to refuse products with a sharp taste (spicy, sour), too hard, scratching the mucous membranes (crackers, chips, etc.).
Too fatty, fried, smoked dishes are contraindicated.
We advise you to exclude fast food and products of deep industrial processing with an unknown composition from the therapeutic and preventive diet.
The total calorie content of the daily diet can vary in the range from 2500 to 2800 kcal.
A balanced menu should contain:
food sources of “slow” carbohydrates, dietary fiber (whole grains, vegetables, fruits, leafy greens, seaweed);
foods rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (unrefined vegetable oils, seafood, nuts, seeds);
dietary protein products (chicken breast, rabbit, veal, eggs, low-fat dairy products).
What foods and dishes to include in the diet for pharyngitis
During acute inflammation, when appetite is reduced, we recommend drinking more (at least 8 cups per day). The liquid will help remove toxic waste products of the body, including those that remain after the fight against viruses, bacteria and other pathogenic microflora.
The main thing is that the drink is warm. In addition to water, it is pleasant and useful to use:
natural fresh juices, diluted with warm water;
decoctions of medicinal plants with antimicrobial activity;
teas, you can with honey;
drinking natural yogurt;
drink produced by milk fungus;
infusion of kombucha, etc.
It is very useful to include bone or chicken broth in the diet of patients with pharyngitis, which is recommended to drink warm, like a drink. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, helps to activate the body’s immune defenses.
In the diet menu for inflammation of the pharynx, the number of vegetable dishes from foods that are valuable food sources of micronutrients should be increased, including:
vitamin A, which promotes tissue regeneration;
vitamin C, which has an anti-inflammatory effect;
vitamin E, which has antioxidant properties, etc.
Soups and any other vegetable and cereal dishes are recommended to puree before use.
Whole grain pasta is allowed, as it enriches the diet of patients with pharyngitis with valuable nutrients.
Probiotic products, having a beneficial effect on the state of the intestinal microflora, activate the immune system. These include:
natural yogurt and other fermented milk products of normal or reduced fat content;
Animal foods, which are valuable sources of amino acids, are essential to fight disease, but they should not be high in saturated fat. Therefore, for the preparation of healthy dishes, lean meats and fish are chosen. The best option for fish and meat dishes for the duration of the illness will be:
Another valuable protein product, which is also rich in beta-glucans that stimulate the production of secretory immunoglobulins A (sIgA), are mushrooms (shiitake, reishi, maitake).
The best options for a vitamin dessert or a full-fledged snack during the day for patients with pharyngitis:
a handful of berries;
fruit and vegetable smoothies.
What foods to exclude from the diet for pharyngitis
Since refined sugar in the diet reduces the immune defense of the body and is associated with the risk of inflammation, it is better to exclude it from the diet. If strep throat is diagnosed, instead of ready-made sweets, you can eat small amounts of products with organic sugars, for example:
stevia extract, etc.
Foods high in trans fats or saturated fatty acids are not recommended, such as:
Alcoholic and carbonated drinks should not be consumed during illness, as they can additionally irritate the throat and contribute to the development of inflammation.
We advise you to refuse any chilled dishes, including dairy desserts, ice cream, as they can aggravate the pathological symptoms of the disease.