Flatulence, or bloating, is an uncomfortable feeling that occurs as a result of excessive accumulation of gases in the gastrointestinal tract as a result of their increased formation or impaired discharge. This symptom is often combined with abdominal pain, stool disorder, and so on. One of the most important points in the treatment of this condition is proper nutrition. Below we will talk about the features of the diet for flatulence.
Bloating can be caused by a lot of factors. In 2016, scientists from Munich published a paper in which it was concluded that most often flatulence is a manifestation of intestinal dysbacteriosis. In addition, it is associated with intestinal infections, inflammatory processes, impaired abdominal and parietal digestion, functional intestinal disorders, and so on.
Basic principles of nutrition for flatulence
In most cases, with bloating, treatment table No. 5 is prescribed, however, sometimes the doctor may recommend a different diet, depending on the cause of flatulence. The main directions of this diet are:
provision of adequate nutrition;
improvement of intestinal motor function;
reduction of fermentation and putrefaction processes in the intestine;
restoration of normal intestinal microflora.
First of all, with bloating, it is recommended to properly organize the process of eating. Eat should be fractional, 5 or 6 times a day in small portions. Eating should take place in a relaxed atmosphere, not “on the go.” Food must be chewed thoroughly, preferably at about the same time. Another important point is that with such a disorder, you should not drink with meals.
It is recommended to avoid eating foods that are too hot or too cold. Products can be boiled, baked, steamed or stewed. Avoid fried foods.
Salt intake is limited to 6–8 grams per day. It is important to drink enough liquid — at least 2 liters per day.
Allowed and prohibited foods for bloating
With flatulence, in the first place, food is prohibited, which increases gas formation in the intestines. These include foods containing coarse fiber, foods high in simple carbohydrates.
A sick person should stop using:
wheat and rye bread, rich pastries;
dumplings, dumplings, pies;
any fatty meat and soups on rich meat broth;
any sausages, sausages;
fatty, salted, smoked fish;
various canned food and pickles;
cabbage, legumes, radishes, garlic, mushrooms in any form;
millet, pearl barley and barley groats;
sweet fruits and berries;
In the diet of a patient suffering from flatulence, you can include crackers from white bread, meat and fish of lean varieties. In addition, soups on low-fat meat or fish broth, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, non-acidic sour cream are allowed to be consumed. In limited quantities, you can eat potatoes, carrots, beets, zucchini. Porridges on the water from rice, buckwheat, oatmeal or semolina, protein steam omelettes are also allowed.