Why does your weight change throughout the day?

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The human body is the best work of art. How much do you know about him?

An adult per­son con­sists of 7 octil­lion atoms (this is a fig­ure with 27 zeros). It has enough iron in its body to forge a met­al nail and enough car­bon to make 900 pen­cils. Enough fat to boil 7 bars of soap and phos­pho­rus to make 2200 match heads. In this case, the body is a vari­able. No won­der its mass changes through­out the day!

11 reasons for constant weight fluctuations

For those who want to lose weight, reg­u­lar weigh­ing is the norm. It helps to track the results and make time­ly adjust­ments.

But there is one prob­lem — the weight changes dur­ing the day. Why is this hap­pen­ing and what val­ue can be trust­ed? About the most com­mon caus­es of weight fluc­tu­a­tions - Fur­ther!

1. Your nutrition

1. Your nutrition

The ratio between the amount of calo­ries that enters the body with food and what it spends is the main rea­son why a per­son los­es or gains weight. If there is a deficit, a per­son los­es weight, and if it is an excess, he accu­mu­lates “extra”.

Experts have cal­cu­lat­ed that in order for a per­son to lose 1 pound (454 grams), he must con­sume 500 kcal less every day than the body needs. And all this in one week!

2. The way you weigh yourself

To find out the exact num­bers of body weight, it is not enough just to jump on the scales. It is nec­es­sary to cre­ate cer­tain con­di­tions. The floor must be per­fect­ly lev­el and firm, the mea­sure­ment of the body must be made when the per­son is stand­ing on two legs and his weight is even­ly dis­trib­uted on the sup­port. The pres­ence or absence of cloth­ing on the body also mat­ters.

Nuances in these con­di­tions give com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent results. And even if the val­ues ​​dif­fer slight­ly, this is enough to draw wrong con­clu­sions about the process­es that occur in the body or about the effec­tive­ness of the diet.

3. The scale you are using

Weigh your­self in the doc­tor’s office and imme­di­ate­ly upon return­ing home. What val­ues ​​can be trust­ed, because the num­bers are dif­fer­ent? It turns out that the most accu­rate elec­tron­ic scales. How­ev­er, even they do not inter­fere with check­ing using ref­er­ence weights.

And before weigh­ing, do not for­get to reset the scale of the device!

4. Time of day

4. Time of day

The best time to get an accu­rate body weight is def­i­nite­ly in the morn­ing. Imme­di­ate­ly after wak­ing up, but after you go to the toi­let. Keep in mind that after break­fast, and even more so, lunch and a cou­ple of snacks, the val­ues ​​​​on the scales will be dif­fer­ent!

Did you know?

There are 99 more bones in a child’s body than in an adult’s body. New­born babies have 305 bones, while adults have only 206.

5. Fitness load

Some ath­letes after an intense work­out can lose 6 to 10% of their weight. And it is a mis­take to think that this is fat (as begin­ners think). Most of what is lost is water, which leaves main­ly through sweat.

Of course, after a morn­ing set of exer­cis­es, your loss­es will not be so sig­nif­i­cant, but it is impor­tant to keep in mind that they are not uncom­mon!

6. Your health

Dia­betes, heart fail­ure, and even the com­mon cold can affect your weight. If a per­son has lost his appetite and gains or los­es water, the scales may move in one direc­tion or anoth­er.

Be sure to talk to your doc­tor about changes in your body that are not typ­i­cal for you.

Did you know?

Sci­en­tists have cal­cu­lat­ed that the aver­age per­son can dis­tin­guish about a tril­lion odors. At the same time, the sense of smell is much more accu­rate and sharp­er than sight. The human eye dis­tin­guish­es “only” 10 mil­lion col­ors.

7. Medications you take

Many med­ica­tions, includ­ing anti-inflam­ma­to­ry drugs, anti­his­t­a­mines, or opi­ates, can cause rapid weight loss. Oth­er drugs, such as insulin, anti­de­pres­sants, and some antiepilep­tic drugs, can cause a per­son to gain weight rapid­ly.

There­fore, to keep your fin­ger on the pulse, you should always ask your doc­tor about the side effects of the rec­om­mend­ed med­ica­tion.

8. The habit of drinking plenty of water

8. The habit of drinking plenty of water

One liter of water weighs approx­i­mate­ly 998.5 grams. This means that if a per­son drinks it and does not play sports, the scale arrow will go to the right.

How­ev­er, experts warn that a suf­fi­cient drink­ing regime in the long run con­tributes to weight loss, not weight gain. In addi­tion, thanks to him, the skin looks health­i­er, younger and more radi­ant.

9. Moisture deficiency

Stud­ies have shown that 55 to 75% of an adult’s body is water. A lack of life-giv­ing mois­ture will cer­tain­ly affect his health: severe headaches, loss of strength, cloud­ing of con­scious­ness, dif­fi­cul­ty con­cen­trat­ing, dry skin may occur. In addi­tion, a per­son may sud­den­ly lose weight.

If you are not drink­ing enough water, and you are expe­ri­enc­ing these symp­toms, it’s time to think about cor­rect­ing your drink­ing reg­i­men.

Did you know?

The human brain accounts for 2% of the total body weight. At the same time, it requires up to 20% of oxy­gen, which enters the blood.

10. Hormonal changes

When a wom­an’s body is prepar­ing for men­stru­a­tion, the change in hor­mone lev­els dur­ing this peri­od often caus­es flu­id stag­na­tion. Many of the fair sex notice that their breasts and bel­ly are get­ting big­ger. After the end of men­stru­a­tion, the weight will nat­u­ral­ly move in the oppo­site direc­tion.

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ai generated, waves, ocean

11. Amount of sleep

11. Amount of sleep

Research shows that how much or how lit­tle a per­son sleeps can change their body weight. So, after a sleep­less night, he may feel more hun­gry than usu­al (includ­ing due to increased lev­els of the stress hor­mone cor­ti­sol and the hunger hor­mone ghre­lin), there­fore, eat more. This can cause overeat­ing dur­ing the day and weight gain in the late after­noon.

Expert com­ment

Oksana Orlo­va, MD, PhD, researcher at the St. Peters­burg Insti­tute of Bioreg­u­la­tion and Geron­tol­ogy, lab­o­ra­to­ry of aging bioreg­u­la­tion, cos­me­tol­o­gist

Our body con­sists of thir­ty tril­lion cells and is cal­cu­lat­ed by the for­mu­la:

MT u003d PZHT + SMM + SM + MO,

    where MT — body mass,
    PVT — the mass of the subcutaneous fat layer together with the skin,
    SMM — skeletal muscle mass
    CM — the mass of the skeleton,
    MO is the mass of the remainder.

More­over, about 60% is water, includ­ing the con­tents of the intestines, blad­der, flu­id retained in tis­sues or ede­ma due to mal­nu­tri­tion and car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­or­ders. Weight real­ly fluc­tu­ates between 1–3 kg per day and there are cer­tain rea­sons for this:

    The amount of food and liquid consumed. The time of day when eating is important: either it will turn into useful vital energy and burn out during the working day, or it will accumulate in “deposits”.
    Number of visits to the toilet per day.
    Salty food leads to water retention in the body in the proportion of 1 g/100 ml.
    Carbohydrates accumulate in the form of glycogen, which regulates fat metabolism, and this is weight gain — 1 g / 3 ml of liquid. An unexpected fact: an attempt to intensify training from a habit leads to muscle swelling and weight gain. Muscles are heavier than adipose tissue and there is no direct correlation between weight and volume.
    The menstrual cycle in its second phase explains weight gain from 3–5 kg ​​due to the retention of salt by the female hormone estrogen.
    Stress. Against the background of stress — an increase in the production of the hormone cortisol, you can both get better and lose weight.

Expert com­ment

Ele­na Kalen, psy­chol­o­gist, expert in the psy­chol­o­gy of weight loss

Some peo­ple who want to lose weight weigh them­selves sev­er­al times a day. And they can notice fluc­tu­a­tions. For exam­ple, in the morn­ing the weight is one kilo­gram less than it was yes­ter­day, and in the evening the fig­ure is again at the same lev­el. At such moments, it seems that prop­er nutri­tion and train­ing do not bring results.

I want to quit every­thing and go back to my old way of life. Do not rush to get upset and stop the path to har­mo­ny.

An increase of 1–2 kilo­grams per day does not mean that fat deposits have formed. The process of fat accu­mu­la­tion is quite com­plex. Even if you eat accord­ing to the needs of the body, by the evening the weight may be more than in the morn­ing. There are the fol­low­ing rea­sons for this:

Stress. Dur­ing stress, the body is reluc­tant to say good­bye to extra pounds due to increased lev­els of cor­ti­sol (stress hor­mone). If in the morn­ing you got up in a great mood, and by the evening you were pret­ty ner­vous, the weight can go up.

Flu­id reten­tion. Eat­ing salty foods, alco­hol and sweets, lack of sleep and too hot weath­er cause flu­id reten­tion in the body. It is because of her that by the evening there is an increase in weight.

Pow­er train­ing. After active work with a bar­bell or dumb­bells, micro­c­racks form in the mus­cle fibers. As a result, mus­cle vol­umes increase, ede­ma appears. A per­son can observe that the weight has gone into plus.

Eat­ing. While food is digest­ed and pass­es through the diges­tive tract, weight can be added. But this does not mean at all that extra pounds auto­mat­i­cal­ly stick to the body. Calo­ries from food go to the work­ing process­es of the body. When eat­ing food for hunger and before it is sat­is­fied, after a while you will again notice a plumb line.

Pre­men­stru­al syn­drome. Some women notice a weight gain of 1 to 3 kilo­grams before the start of the cycle. More­over, the weight appears as if from the air. Such changes are nor­mal and not ter­ri­ble. They occur due to flu­id reten­tion and hor­mon­al changes.

There is also the oppo­site sit­u­a­tion, when the fig­ure on the scales decreas­es in the evening. Espe­cial­ly often this hap­pens in the first week of weight loss. For exam­ple, when switch­ing to intu­itive eat­ing. The body gets rid of tox­ins and excess water dur­ing the day, which can be imme­di­ate­ly seen on the scales.

To see the gen­er­al trend, it is bet­ter to focus not only on the arrow of the scales, but also on the vol­umes of the body. You can weigh your­self at the same time, once a day, and do it bet­ter on an emp­ty stom­ach and after going to the toi­let. Remem­ber that the body is a fair­ly com­plex sys­tem and changes in weight dur­ing the day are nor­mal.

Expert com­ment

Eldar Akhtyamov, Bach­e­lor of Adap­tive and Ther­a­peu­tic Phys­i­cal Edu­ca­tion, fit­ness train­er

Jumps in body weight dur­ing the day are due to a change in the amount of flu­id in the body, which in turn is due to the cir­ca­di­an rhythms of the release of var­i­ous hor­mones and medi­a­tors, the rhythms of the activ­i­ty of var­i­ous organ sys­tems, the nature of food, and the fre­quen­cy of its intake.

In the morn­ing, adreno­cor­ti­cotrop­ic hor­mone is active, which increas­es the release of cor­ti­sol and a cer­tain amount of cat­e­cholamines (adren­a­line, nor­ep­i­neph­rine). The max­i­mum dai­ly peak of cor­ti­sol accel­er­ates our metab­o­lism, and there­fore the activ­i­ty of the excre­to­ry sys­tem — the body active­ly gets rid of water. Adren­a­line acti­vates lipol­y­sis — active­ly “burns” fat. In the morn­ing we are as thin as pos­si­ble.

By evening, metab­o­lism slows down due to a decrease in cor­ti­sol lev­els and the activ­i­ty of the thy­roid gland, the hor­mones of which are respon­si­ble, among oth­er things, for the meta­bol­ic rate. Car­bo­hy­drates retain water (about 1 gram of car­bo­hy­drates 4 grams of water), sodi­um retains water, dairy prod­ucts cause flu­id reten­tion in many, cut­ting down on the drink­ing reg­i­men reduces the activ­i­ty of the excre­to­ry sys­tem and can, on the con­trary, cause flu­id reten­tion.

Expert com­ment

Maria Niko­lae­va, yoga instruc­tor, author of books on ori­en­tal prac­tices

As you know, the human body up to 70% con­sists of water, that is, in prin­ci­ple, it is a very flu­id sub­stance. Dur­ing the day, the main para­me­ters of weight change are set by sleep, meals and excre­tion process­es, as well as phys­i­cal activ­i­ty.

After a night’s sleep and a morn­ing trip to the toi­let, body weight is usu­al­ly the low­est, since the body has not tak­en food for a long time, had the oppor­tu­ni­ty to car­ry out a long metab­o­lism and remove all excess as much as pos­si­ble.

Fur­ther fluc­tu­a­tions are rel­a­tive­ly indi­vid­ual as they are relat­ed to per­son­al pref­er­ence, but in any case the weight increas­es after eat­ing and drink­ing, but decreas­es after each use of the toi­let or active sweat­ing as a result of exer­cise or high ambi­ent tem­per­a­ture (hot day or stay in the sauna).

In part, weight also changes due to gas exchange in the lungs, as well as bio­chem­i­cal reac­tions in cells, but these fluc­tu­a­tions are too small. As a result, a person’s weight by the evening will still be the max­i­mum for the day, unless he is inten­tion­al­ly starv­ing.

Remem­ber that the body is a flow, there­fore, in prin­ci­ple, it can­not have an absolute­ly fixed weight.

By Yraa

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