10 best blood pressure monitors on the wrist

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10 best blood pressure monitors on the wrist

Car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases are on the rise, so for mil­lions of peo­ple it is impor­tant to con­stant­ly mon­i­tor blood pres­sure. To sim­pli­fy the pro­ce­dure, they invent­ed auto­mat­ic blood pres­sure mon­i­tors on the wrist. Let’s talk about the best mod­els and moments that you should rely on when choos­ing
10 best blood pressure monitors on the wrist
10 best blood pres­sure mon­i­tors on the wrist.

Hyper­ten­sion is not in vain called the “silent killer” — in many peo­ple the dis­ease pro­ceeds imper­cep­ti­bly, with­out symp­toms. Mean­while, it is one of the lead­ing caus­es of death world­wide.one. Dan­ger­ous and the oppo­site con­di­tion asso­ci­at­ed with a low lev­el of pres­sure — hypoten­sion.

Not sur­pris­ing­ly, today, in almost every phar­ma­cy in Rus­sia, you can mea­sure the pres­sure and, if nec­es­sary, take action. Tonome­ters, mechan­i­cal or auto­mat­ic, are in almost every fam­i­ly. And to make it eas­i­er to con­trol the pres­sure, blood pres­sure mon­i­tors were invent­ed on the wrist. We will tell you how to choose the best mod­el for your­self or a loved one, show sev­er­al wor­thy options with their pros and cons, and our expert will answer pop­u­lar ques­tions from read­ers.

Rating of the top 10 automatic blood pressure monitors on the wrist

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of such devices is not much dif­fer­ent from the “tra­di­tion­al” ones, the cuff of which is worn on the shoul­der. The only thing that in this case, the cuff needs to be fixed on the wrist. Wrist-based blood pres­sure mon­i­tors are more com­fort­able to use, lighter in weight, and often come with a num­ber of use­ful options. But it is believed that they are less accu­rate than the shoul­der ones. There­fore, if there is no spe­cial need, it is bet­ter to use the “clas­sic” option.

A carpal tonome­ter can be kept at home as an addi­tion­al “march­ing” option. But in this case, you need to check how it works and how large the mea­sure­ment error is. Your doc­tor will help you with this.

Below we con­sid­er the best auto­mat­ic blood pres­sure mon­i­tors on the wrist .

Impor­tant! In order for the device to show accu­rate pres­sure, pulse and arrhyth­mia, it is nec­es­sary to strict­ly fol­low the man­u­fac­tur­er’s instruc­tions. Oth­er­wise, the data may dif­fer sig­nif­i­cant­ly from real­i­ty.

On a note

10 pills for high blood pres­sure, which are most often pre­scribed by doc­tors

1. Tonometer AND UB-403 (A&D UB-403)

Tonometer AND UB-403
Tonome­ter AND UB-403.

The device allows you to mea­sure pres­sure and pulse quick­ly and in any con­di­tions. How­ev­er, it is impor­tant to keep your hand in the cor­rect posi­tion. To make it eas­i­er, the device is equipped with an arm posi­tion indi­ca­tor — it will tell you if your arm has sud­den­ly moved out or the cuff is incor­rect­ly fixed.

The cuff size is designed for wrists from 13.5 cm to 21.5 cm. Thanks to this, the device can be used for all fam­i­ly mem­bers except for small chil­dren. It is con­ve­nient that the mea­sure­ments of two peo­ple at once are stored in the mem­o­ry of the tonome­ter — 60 for each. In addi­tion, the gad­get can cal­cu­late the aver­age of all stored mea­sure­ments and the aver­age of morn­ing and evening mea­sure­ments. This helps to track the progress of the dis­ease.

The dis­play is illu­mi­nat­ed dur­ing oper­a­tion so that you can use the tonome­ter even in the dark.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Japan
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

The mem­o­ry stores the val­ues ​​​​of two peo­ple at once; there is an indi­ca­tor of the posi­tion of the hand; the aver­age val­ue of all mea­sure­ments is cal­cu­lat­ed; uni­ver­sal cuff.
Prices can vary great­ly at dif­fer­ent points of sale.

2. Omron RS7 Intelli IT blood pressure monitor

Omron RS7 Intelli IT blood pressure monitor
Omron RS7 Intel­li IT blood pres­sure mon­i­tor.

This blood pres­sure mon­i­tor from a pop­u­lar Japan­ese brand is con­ve­nient to use in every­day life: it is com­pact, bat­tery-pow­ered, and comes with a case. The uni­ver­sal cuff size (13.5–21.5 cm) is suit­able for peo­ple with dif­fer­ent wrist sizes.

The tonome­ter mea­sures pres­sure and pulse, eval­u­ates the heart rate and will report the pres­ence of an arrhyth­mia. The device has an indi­ca­tor of high morn­ing pres­sure, which is espe­cial­ly impor­tant for the pre­ven­tion of heart attacks and strokes. Thanks to the move­ment indi­ca­tor, the device will tell you if the cuff is too tight or too loose, or if the arm is in the wrong posi­tion. The gad­get can be syn­chro­nized with a smart­phone and track the dynam­ics of indi­ca­tors through a spe­cial appli­ca­tion. The mem­o­ry of the device can hold 100 mea­sure­ments for two users.

Includes case and two bat­ter­ies.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Japan
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

There are indi­ca­tors of move­ment, cuff fix­a­tion, arm posi­tion; 100 mea­sure­ment results for two peo­ple are stored in mem­o­ry; styl­ish look.
Rel­a­tive­ly high price in the seg­ment.

3. Tonometer B.Well MED-57

Tonometer B.Well MED-57
B.Well MED-57 tonome­ter.

This mod­el from the Swiss brand allows you to mea­sure blood pres­sure, heart rate and pulse. The device cal­cu­lates the aver­age val­ue of the indi­ca­tors based on 3 mea­sure­ments.

The size of the adjustable cuff (up to 21.5 cm) is suit­able for the wrist of any full­ness, which means that peo­ple of dif­fer­ent body sizes can use the tonome­ter. For ease of use, there is a dis­play back­light and a col­or scale that will help you quick­ly deter­mine the state of the heart.

The man­u­fac­tur­er pro­vides a kind of pres­sure diary: the last 30 mea­sure­ments with date and time are stored in the device’s mem­o­ry.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Switzer­land
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

Com­pact; there is a case and bat­ter­ies includ­ed; afford­able price.
Accord­ing to reviews, the bat­ter­ies from the kit do not last long; few mem­o­ry cells (only 30 last mea­sure­ments are stored).

4. Tonometer Nissei WS-1011

Tonometer Nissei WS-1011
Tonome­ter Nis­sei WS-1011.

In this mod­el, the man­u­fac­tur­er has pro­vid­ed every­thing to elim­i­nate the “human” fac­tor. Before mea­sur­ing the pres­sure, the device checks for inter­fer­ence, cor­rect fix­a­tion of the cuff. That every­thing is in order, the user will under­stand by the “OK” icon on the dis­play. By the way, the cuff cir­cum­fer­ence varies in the range of 12.5–22.5 cm, which is con­ve­nient for peo­ple with full and thin arms.

The tech­nol­o­gy for mea­sur­ing pres­sure and pulse (from two arter­ies) allows you to get more accu­rate data, there is a reli­a­bil­i­ty indi­ca­tor. And in the pres­ence of an unsta­ble rhythm, the tonome­ter will sig­nal an arrhyth­mia.

120 val­ues ​​are stored in mem­o­ry: 60 per per­son. In addi­tion to the pres­sure and pulse val­ues, the date and time of the mea­sure­ment are record­ed, and there is also an option to cal­cu­late the aver­age.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Japan
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

There is an arrhyth­mia indi­ca­tor; two inde­pen­dent mem­o­ry com­part­ments with 60 val­ues; touch con­trol; over­sized cuff.
Soft case-bag (not very prac­ti­cal and reli­able in terms of trans­porta­tion and stor­age); too sen­si­tive but­tons.

5. Tonometer automatic MediTech МТ-60

Tonometer Meditech MT-60
Tonome­ter Meditech MT-60.

To make it eas­i­er to nav­i­gate, the mod­el pro­vides an indi­ca­tor of the lev­el of pres­sure accord­ing to the WHO clas­si­fi­ca­tion. The indi­ca­tor allows you to deter­mine the nor­mal pres­sure, hyper­ten­sion 1 and 2 degrees. In addi­tion, the tonome­ter cap­tures signs of arrhyth­mia.

MediTech MT-60 can cal­cu­late the aver­age of the last 3 mea­sure­ments. And 120 val­ues ​​are stored in the mem­o­ry of the device: with them you can track the effec­tive­ness of ther­a­py, adjust your lifestyle and dis­cuss treat­ment tac­tics in more detail at a doc­tor’s appoint­ment.

Of the addi­tion­al advan­tages: there is a low pow­er indi­ca­tor, the abil­i­ty to auto­mat­i­cal­ly turn off. Comes with case and two AAA bat­ter­ies.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Chi­na
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

Cal­cu­lates the aver­age val­ue from 3 mea­sure­ments; 120 val­ues ​​are stored in mem­o­ry; rel­a­tive­ly low price in the seg­ment.
In the reviews, a high error is often not­ed (inflates the per­for­mance).

6. Tonometer Microlife BP W100

Tonometer Microlife BP W100
Tonome­ter Micro­life BP W100.

Micro­life BP W100 is a clas­sic carpal tonome­ter. Thanks to the Pulse Arrhyth­mia Detec­tion (PAD) tech­nol­o­gy, the tonome­ter, in addi­tion to mea­sur­ing blood pres­sure and pulse, can detect arrhyth­mia (if any). The stan­dard cuff size allows you to use the blood pres­sure mon­i­tor for the whole fam­i­ly.

Up to 200 val­ues ​​are stored in the device mem­o­ry, mak­ing it con­ve­nient to track the dynam­ics. An alarm clock is also built into the tonome­ter, which can remind you, for exam­ple, of the need to take med­i­cine.

The device runs on 2 AAA bat­ter­ies. The set includes a plas­tic case to store and car­ry the tonome­ter with you. In reviews, there are often com­plaints that the device does not show accu­rate­ly enough. How­ev­er, you need to under­stand that much depends on how cor­rect­ly the mea­sure­ment pro­ce­dure is car­ried out.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Switzer­land
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

Stores 200 val­ues ​​in mem­o­ry; easy to use.
Lit­tle func­tion­al­i­ty; in the reviews there are many com­plaints about the inac­cu­ra­cy of the mea­sure­ment.

7. Voice tonometer with built-in battery Besting WEB306

Voice tonometer with built-in battery Besting WEB306
Voice tonome­ter with built-in bat­tery Best­ing WEB306.

This auto­mat­ic blood pres­sure mon­i­tor can be used to mea­sure blood pres­sure and pulse. Con­sid­er­ing that the man­u­fac­tur­er has pro­vid­ed two mem­o­ry sec­tions for 99 cells, it is con­ve­nient for two peo­ple to use the device at once.

The process is easy to con­trol with a sin­gle but­ton, there is also a voice assis­tant, which is espe­cial­ly con­ve­nient to use at night or when you don’t have the strength to look at the dis­play to find out the mea­sure­ment results. The device is pow­ered by a built-in recharge­able bat­tery and is charged via a USB cable like a smart­phone.

In the reviews, users note that the process must strict­ly com­ply with the instruc­tions: if you reject the hand, the results may be far from the truth.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Chi­na
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er built-in bat­tery

Pros and cons

The mem­o­ry stores the data of two peo­ple at once; charged via USB cable; styl­ish look.
May not fit wide arms and/or wide wrists (max­i­mum size 19.5 cm); small war­ran­ty peri­od (30 days); the hand must be held strict­ly as indi­cat­ed in the instruc­tions.

8. Blood pressure monitor on the wrist iHelp A32

Tonometer iHelp A32
iHelp A32 tonome­ter.

The auto­mat­ic wrist tonome­ter mea­sures the upper and low­er pres­sure, pulse and in par­al­lel shows the result of the last mea­sure­ment. There is a screen back­light, the WHO scale is indi­cat­ed on the case, so even a begin­ner will fig­ure out whether he has high or low blood pres­sure. There is also an arrhyth­mia indi­ca­tor.

By press­ing the “Mem” but­ton, you can view the pre­vi­ous mea­sure­ment results. In total, the last 90 indi­ca­tors are stored in mem­o­ry.

An enlarged cuff (up to 22.5 cm) allows you to use the device on a full arm. The device works from two “fin­ger-type” bat­ter­ies.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Rus­sia
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

The mem­o­ry stores 90 data of the last mea­sure­ments; increased cuff size (up to 22.5 cm); Bright back­light allows you to use the tonome­ter in the dark.
Mod­est func­tion­al­i­ty; not always found on sale; heav­ier than many ana­logues (120 g with­out bat­ter­ies).

9. Portable blood pressure monitor on the wrist CK-W355

Portable blood pressure monitor on the wrist CK-W355
Tonome­ter portable on a wrist CK-W355.

This com­pact wrist blood pres­sure mon­i­tor will help you mon­i­tor your blood pres­sure and heart rate any­time, any­where. In addi­tion to pres­sure and pulse, the tonome­ter mon­i­tors signs of arrhyth­mia — there is a spe­cial indi­ca­tor for this.

It is very easy to con­trol the tonome­ter — just press one but­ton, and the device starts work­ing. The voice assis­tant will noti­fy you about the progress of the process, and if it is not need­ed, then the option can be dis­abled. The last 60 mea­sure­ment read­ings are record­ed in the device’s mem­o­ry.

The device is pow­ered by a built-in bat­tery, charged via a USB cable, which is con­ve­nient because you do not need to con­stant­ly buy bat­ter­ies.

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french bulldog, cool backgrounds, wallpaper 4k

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Chi­na
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er built-in bat­tery

Pros and cons

Afford­able price; no need to buy bat­ter­ies.
Small cuff — up to 19.5 cm; the voice assis­tant is only in Eng­lish (although there are also mod­els with Russ­ian voice act­ing).

10. Tonometer Geratherm Wristwatch KP 6130

Tonometer Geratherm Wristwatch KP 6130
Tonome­ter Geratherm Wrist­watch KP 6130.

The auto­mat­ic sphyg­mo­manome­ter mea­sures pres­sure and pulse with date and time fix­a­tion, but stores only the last 42 read­ings in mem­o­ry. How­ev­er, this may be enough to con­trol the dynam­ics of the state. The mod­el also has an arrhyth­mia indi­ca­tor that will show an unsta­ble heart rhythm. The screen back­light allows you to use the device in any cir­cum­stances. How­ev­er, it is impor­tant to remem­ber to strict­ly fol­low the require­ments of the instruc­tions for the most accu­rate result.

The device runs on two AAA bat­ter­ies (includ­ed). In addi­tion, the set includes instruc­tions, a case for stor­ing the tonome­ter and a diary for record­ing mea­sure­ments.

Main characteristics

Pro­duc­ing coun­try Ger­many
Error pres­sure: ±3 mmHg Art., pulse rate: ±5%
Source of pow­er two AAA bat­ter­ies

Pros and cons

Extend­ed kit (bat­ter­ies, case and diary for record­ing mea­sure­ment data includ­ed).
Small mem­o­ry (42 cells); rel­a­tive­ly heavy com­pared to ana­logues (about 130 g); The cuff is not suit­able for peo­ple with thin or full arms.

How to choose blood pressure monitors on the wrist

First of all, before buy­ing a blood pres­sure mon­i­tor on your wrist, con­sult your doc­tor and read reviews about mod­els. In pur­suit of sav­ings, you should not buy very cheap devices of unknown brands — there is a high prob­a­bil­i­ty that you will sim­ply throw mon­ey away.

It is good if the tonome­ter has cer­tifi­cates from pres­ti­gious orga­ni­za­tions in this field, such as AAMI (Amer­i­can Med­ical Equip­ment Asso­ci­a­tion) or ESH (Euro­pean Soci­ety of Hyper­ten­sion). This means that the device has been cal­i­brat­ed and has passed the required test.2.

Care­ful­ly study the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the tonome­ter mod­el: func­tion­al­i­ty, ease of use, the pres­ence of a case — this is espe­cial­ly impor­tant if you plan to take the tonome­ter on trips. Pay atten­tion to the cuff: it must be in size. If the cuff is too tight or dan­gles around the wrist, read­ings will be inac­cu­rate.

Good to know

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Reviews of doctors about blood pressure monitors on the wrist

Many doc­tors note that carpal tonome­ters can show accu­rate data if they are used strict­ly in accor­dance with the instruc­tions. In addi­tion, such blood pres­sure mon­i­tors can be a good solu­tion for patients with a large vol­ume of the arm above the shoul­der and peo­ple who have under­gone removal of lymph nodes from the armpit.3.

Our expert gen­er­al prac­ti­tion­er, pul­mo­nolo­gist Marat Far­rakhov shared his opin­ion on wrist ther­mome­ters and told how they dif­fer from con­ven­tion­al ones that mea­sure pres­sure on the shoul­der.

- In all med­ical schools, blood pres­sure mea­sure­ment is taught pre­cise­ly on the shoul­der, 2 cm above the elbow bend. We also rely on clin­i­cal rec­om­men­da­tions — Euro­pean and Russ­ian. They say that pres­sure mea­sure­ment should take place on the upper limb and, based on the size of the cuff, it is under­stood that this is the upper arm.

The Amer­i­can Heart Asso­ci­a­tion also rec­om­mends using a blood pres­sure mon­i­tor with a cuff that fits over the upper arm. The fact is that carpal tonome­ters can be inac­cu­rate and over­es­ti­mate the indi­ca­tors, so they should be used very care­ful­ly, sub­ject to all con­di­tions for mea­sur­ing pres­sure.

Of course, carpal blood pres­sure mon­i­tors can be con­ve­nient for some­one, for exam­ple, for the elder­ly or who often car­ry a blood pres­sure mon­i­tor with them. At the same time, it is impor­tant to make sure at the doctor’s appoint­ment that the dif­fer­ence between the indi­ca­tions on the shoul­der and wrist of a par­tic­u­lar per­son is the same.

If you choose from blood pres­sure mon­i­tors pre­sent­ed in Rus­sia, it is bet­ter to make a choice in favor of import­ed options: Omron, AND.

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Popular questions and answers

We answer fre­quent­ly asked ques­tions about blood pres­sure mon­i­tors on the wrist: let’s try to fig­ure out if they are so con­ve­nient and how to use them cor­rect­ly. The ther­a­pist, pul­mo­nolo­gist Marat Far­rakhov will help us with this.

What is the difference between a tonometer on the wrist and on the shoulder?

- The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion for these tonome­ters is the same: the cuff is filled with air until the blood flow is blocked, due to which the blood pres­sure decreas­es as much as pos­si­ble. Then the air begins to escape through the valve, the blood pres­sure ris­es again, and the tonome­ter sen­sor records the time with which the blood flow returns. Sys­tolic is the pres­sure at which the blood begins to pul­sate after the valve opens, dias­tolic is the pres­sure where the free move­ment of blood flow begins after the action of the inflat­ed cuff.

If we com­pare both mod­els of blood pres­sure mon­i­tors in terms of con­ve­nience and accu­ra­cy, then the wrist device will prob­a­bly be more con­ve­nient due to its com­pact­ness and low weight. But at the same time (with a high degree of prob­a­bil­i­ty) less accu­rate than the “clas­sic” tonome­ter on the shoul­der. This is due to the fact that the ves­sels of the wrist have some clear­ance. They are thin and close to the skin, more­over, they lose their elas­tic­i­ty with age.

But you need to under­stand that accu­ra­cy also depends on the qual­i­ty of the tonome­ter, there­fore, in both cas­es, it is worth giv­ing pref­er­ence to trust­ed brands. Ide­al­ly, con­sult a doc­tor and take sev­er­al test mea­sure­ments in his office.

How to measure pressure with a blood pressure monitor on the wrist?

- It is nec­es­sary to strict­ly fol­low the rec­om­men­da­tions indi­cat­ed in the instruc­tions. The tonome­ter should be placed direct­ly above the radi­al artery (where the pulse is felt), and only on the skin, and not over cloth­ing. The wrist should be posi­tioned at the lev­el of the heart: for con­ve­nience, you can lean on a table or arm­rest of a chair. If nec­es­sary, use a roller or a tow­el fold­ed sev­er­al times. Dur­ing the pro­ce­dure, you can not move, change the posi­tion of the hand, bend and unbend the wrist.

You need to mea­sure the pres­sure in the morn­ing (but not imme­di­ate­ly after wak­ing up), before break­fast, charg­ing and tak­ing med­ica­tion, as well as in the evening and dur­ing the day if nec­es­sary. Your doc­tor can make indi­vid­ual rec­om­men­da­tions. Before each reg­u­lar pro­ce­dure, main­tain a 30-minute pause in terms of smok­ing and alco­hol, eat­ing. Be sure to vis­it the toi­let before tak­ing blood pres­sure mea­sure­ments, as a full blad­der can also affect the accu­ra­cy of the data obtained.four.

Before turn­ing on the tonome­ter, sit qui­et­ly for a cou­ple of min­utes, relax. Pay atten­tion to the pos­ture: the back should be straight, you can lean on the back of the chair, legs and arms should not be crossed.

To know for sure how accu­rate your device is, take it to your doc­tor’s appoint­ment. He will com­pare the per­for­mance of his sta­tion­ary device with your blood pres­sure mon­i­tor and give his assess­ment. And at the same time, show how you use the tonome­ter — per­haps the doc­tor will point out some wrong points.

Which hand shows the correct pressure?

- In fact, you can mea­sure the pres­sure on any arm — as you wish. But if you have just start­ed keep­ing a diary and observ­ing the dynam­ics of changes in blood pres­sure, first mea­sure the pres­sure on both hands. If the indi­ca­tors are dif­fer­ent, select the one on which the tonome­ter showed high­er num­bers. And in the future, con­stant­ly mea­sure the pres­sure on this arm.

Who is not suitable for a tonometer on the wrist?

- Do not use this tech­nique for peo­ple with burns and wounds in the wrist area. In addi­tion, carpal tonome­ters are not rec­om­mend­ed for the elder­ly: first­ly, because of the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the ves­sels, which lose their elas­tic­i­ty over the years, and sec­ond­ly, peo­ple of mature age often suf­fer from tremor (trem­bling) of the hands. This can dis­tort the read­ings of the tech­nique.

Why can’t blood pressure be measured often?

- Peo­ple suf­fer­ing from hyper­ten­sion are rec­om­mend­ed to mea­sure the pres­sure twice a day: in the morn­ing and in the evening. In some cas­es, the doc­tor may pre­scribe a dif­fer­ent reg­i­men. But do not mea­sure blood pres­sure every 5 min­utes. First, most like­ly, noth­ing will change dur­ing this time. Sec­ond­ly, you will begin to wor­ry and be ner­vous, which can aggra­vate the sit­u­a­tion. Third­ly, the con­stant pres­sure on the blood­stream will def­i­nite­ly not have a good effect on your well-being. If you con­stant­ly grab either a blood pres­sure mon­i­tor or pills, you need to under­stand that this is a bad prac­tice. Instead of “sit­ting” on drugs, you should con­sult a doc­tor. He will ana­lyze the sit­u­a­tion and, if nec­es­sary, adjust the treat­ment.

Sources:

    Hypertension. WHO fact sheets. URL: https://www.who.int/ru/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension
    Are wrist blood pressure monitors accurate // My health devices. URL: https://myhealthdevices.com/are-wrist-blood-pressure-monitors-accurate
    Wrist blood pressure monitors: Are they accurate? Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, MD Mayo clinic. URL: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/wrist-blood-pressure-monitors/faq-20057802
    Get the most out of home blood pressure monitoring. URL: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art-20047889

By Yraa

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