As you know, a person spends a third of his life in a dream, and the quality of his life during the waking period depends on how fully he rests. However, not everyone and not always sleep proceeds safely, providing its most important function — the rest of the body. If a person after waking up feels tired, overwhelmed and sleepy, then this should be a reason to see a doctor. When do you need specialist help?
Snoring in sleep
Unfortunately, cases of going to the doctor about your own snoring are extremely rare. Most often, relatives are concerned about the problem, forced to listen to serenades instead of fully resting. But even in such a situation, they do not immediately turn to a specialist, but when the problem becomes life-threatening. The thing is that snoring can be a sign of a dangerous condition — sleep apnea. In this case, there is a delay in breathing for more than 10 seconds, which is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to death. It’s good when there are relatives nearby who can notice a lack of breathing and wake a person up in time, but if he lives alone, then you can suspect something is wrong by chronic fatigue, increased pressure and heart rate in the morning.
Therefore, do not ignore snoring and so underestimate the possible negative consequences of such a condition. Today there are many ways to correct it, and one of the most effective is CPAP therapy, which involves the use of a special mask during sleep. It helps to straighten the soft tissues of the laryngopharynx and eliminate snoring, and with it, respiratory arrest.
This phenomenon is called bruxism. It is believed that this is the lot of only small children who are teething, but the causes of night grinding, champing and swallowing saliva are much more extensive. Most often this is a problem for neurologists and orthodontists. Any disruption in the work of the central and peripheral nervous system can lead to neurological and motor disorders. Stress, emotional overload, overexertion are fraught with involuntary muscle contractions and teeth grinding. Recently, experts have increasingly noticed that bruxism is accompanied by sleep disorders, in particular, sleep apnea. This is a kind of reaction of the body to the cessation of breathing, allowing it to be resumed.
Be that as it may, you should carefully listen to yourself and pay attention to such signs as a feeling of weakness and fatigue in the morning, pain in the head and jaws. A consultation with a dentist will confirm the guesses, because with chronic bruxism, tooth enamel suffers significantly.
Cramps at night — a reason to see a doctor
If a person is familiar with this phenomenon, but encounters it only occasionally, then there is no reason for concern. Most likely, the whole thing is overwork, the cause of which can be a long walk or hard physical labor. Another thing is if the muscles of the lower leg, foot or thigh are often reduced, disrupting sleep, and with it the quality of life. Most often, convulsions are the result of a disease, but only a doctor — phlebologist, neurologist or orthopedist can make an accurate diagnosis. One of the common causes of night cramps is a metabolic disorder associated with a negative change in the level of calcium or iron in the body. In this case, it is enough to adjust the diet and start taking a vitamin-mineral complex to solve the problem.
However, there are more serious ailments that are responsible for sudden involuntary muscle contractions. We are talking about diseases of the thyroid gland, in particular, hypothyroidism, as well as thrombophlebitis, osteochondrosis, diabetes mellitus, etc. Therefore, you should not delay contacting a doctor if the situation is repeated more and more often.
Most often, insomnia is understood as the inability to fall asleep, but this disorder combines several disorders at once. At the same time, the duration of sleep is not of decisive importance, since this threshold is different for each person, but getting up too early, frequent awakenings during the night, a feeling of superficial sleep observed over a long period of time indicate insomnia. Often, patients are in no hurry to seek help from a specialist at an early stage, preferring to solve the problem on their own. Someone brews herbal preparations, drinks over-the-counter sedatives, and someone seeks solace in alcohol, especially since after drinking it, a deep sleep really sets in.
However, a person does not immediately notice that it is alcoholic beverages that cause frequent awakening, and it will be very bad if he begins to solve the problem by repeated drinking. Therefore, at the first signs of sleep disturbance, it is recommended to consult a doctor, because if insomnia is caused by stress, then valerian alone will not help the cause, special medications are needed that can cope with the consequences of neuropsychic stress. In addition, restless legs syndrome, which occurs in 15% of the population and is one of the main causes of poor sleep, can provoke insomnia.
Man walks in his sleep
Sleepwalkers often cause ridicule and become the target of jokes, but the sufferers of somnambulism themselves are often not laughing. During sleep, such people can perform activities that are characteristic of a waking person — cook food, drive a car and walk the streets. It is good if a person does not live alone and there is someone who can wake him up or, without disturbing his sleep, return him to bed. Otherwise, he will have to take care of himself on his own, but first you need to get accurate information about his nightly adventures, and such a diagnostic method as polysomnography can help with this.
Most often, children suffer from somnambulism. One reason for this behavior is the immaturity of the nervous system. If, however, an unhealthy situation is observed in the family, when the child is subjected to tyranny, violence, psychological pressure, which can provoke mental disorders, the help of a doctor is needed, but first these provoking factors must be excluded. In adults, sleepwalking can be associated with taking certain medications, nervous excitement and fatigue, as well as some diseases, including the already mentioned restless legs syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
In all of the above cases, you need a doctor, so do not delay with a consultation with a specialist, even if it seems that some of them, such as snoring, are not something serious. The consequences can be much more serious, so everything must be done to establish a healthy, full sleep.