8 reasons why you constantly fall asleep

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Usu­al­ly, sleep begins to fall clos­er to the night, after a busy day at work or a hearty meal. But med­i­cine also knows the abnor­mal state of drowsi­ness, when you want to sleep all the time for no appar­ent rea­son. This is called “hyper­som­nia”. It makes a per­son feel tired and want to sleep all day, even dur­ing impor­tant activ­i­ties that require con­cen­tra­tion and atten­tion. Sleep at the same time becomes longer and can last more than 9–10 hours a day, which is con­sid­ered unhealthy. What caus­es hyper­som­nia?

lack of rest

lack of rest

The pri­ma­ry and most com­mon cause of drowsi­ness is a lack or lack of nor­mal healthy sleep. The human body needs a good rest every day, for which night time is pro­vid­ed. 7–8 hours spent in a cozy bed is a suf­fi­cient peri­od to gain strength and ener­gy for the whole next day. Healthy sleep must meet two impor­tant cri­te­ria: quan­ti­ty (dura­tion) and qual­i­ty (depth). If a per­son does not sleep enough and wakes up repeat­ed­ly dur­ing the night, suf­fers from night­mares, then in the morn­ing he is unlike­ly to feel rest­ed. On the con­trary, the state of drowsi­ness will haunt him all day.

Cri­te­ria for the dura­tion and depth of sleep can be acute or chron­ic. Acute dis­tur­bances usu­al­ly last for one or two days, a max­i­mum of a week. They most often hap­pen due to exter­nal cir­cum­stances: rush at work, a dif­fi­cult life peri­od, exams, etc. As soon as the prob­lems are resolved, sleep becomes nor­mal again. Chron­ic sleep dis­tur­bance per­sists for a long time and does not go away with­out the nec­es­sary treat­ment. In this case, it is extreme­ly impor­tant to con­sult a doc­tor in a time­ly man­ner and estab­lish the cause of the ail­ment.

Sci­en­tists are still argu­ing about the amount of time a per­son needs to sleep. Most of them agree that the dura­tion of a night’s rest may depend on the indi­vid­ual char­ac­ter­is­tics of a per­son (age, phys­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal state), and lack of sleep neg­a­tive­ly affects the cog­ni­tive func­tions of the brain.

Sleep disturbance

Even if a per­son slept through the night, they may still feel sleepy dur­ing the day. Anoth­er rea­son for this is close to the pre­vi­ous one — this is bad inter­mit­tent sleep. If a per­son wakes up sev­er­al times dur­ing the night and then can­not fall asleep for a long time, then such a rest can hard­ly be con­sid­ered com­plete. Var­i­ous fac­tors dis­turb the peace: from exter­nal noise and the micro­cli­mate in the room (heat, cold, dry air) to the psy­cho­log­i­cal and phys­i­cal state of a per­son (ill­ness, stress, anx­i­ety). Some­times a per­son may not remem­ber that dur­ing the night he often woke up. And in the morn­ing he does not under­stand why he con­tin­ues to expe­ri­ence drowsi­ness.

Medication

Weak­ness and fatigue are com­mon side effects of some med­ica­tions, both pre­scrip­tion and over-the-counter. Recent­ly, the pop­u­lar­i­ty of var­i­ous anti­de­pres­sants has been grow­ing all over the world. These med­i­cines calm the ner­vous sys­tem, help to cope with men­tal ill­ness, reduce stress lev­els and set the body for prop­er rest. After tak­ing such med­ica­tions reg­u­lar­ly, you want to sleep more often.

The list of drowsi­ness provo­ca­teurs also includes drugs used in the fight against seizures (ben­zo­di­azepines such as diazepam and mida­zo­lam). Anti­his­t­a­mines (espe­cial­ly the first gen­er­a­tion), which are com­mon­ly used to treat aller­gies, also have the unpleas­ant side effect of drowsi­ness. Strong painkillers, in par­tic­u­lar, opi­oids, have sim­i­lar prop­er­ties.

When writ­ing a pre­scrip­tion or buy­ing med­i­cines at a phar­ma­cy, you should ask spe­cial­ists in advance: does the drug cause drowsi­ness and addic­tion, what are its side effects? Those who take any med­ica­tion for a long time and expe­ri­ence rapid fatigue dur­ing the day should con­sult a doc­tor to con­firm or refute the effect of the drug on the state of drowsi­ness.

Breaking the habit

Just as tak­ing med­ica­tion can cause fatigue, stop­ping the use of cer­tain drugs or foods can have a sim­i­lar effect. This main­ly applies to var­i­ous kinds of stim­u­lants and ener­gy drinks. If a per­son has been tak­ing cof­fee, ener­gy drinks in large quan­ti­ties for a long time, abused drugs or tobac­co smok­ing, after giv­ing up such habits, he may feel drowsy for some time. It is dif­fi­cult for his body to imme­di­ate­ly rebuild, and he will require the usu­al dose of stim­u­lants. But over time, the body will get used to the new regime, and sleep will improve.

Head injury

Head injury

To the next and no less com­mon fac­tors of hyper­som­nia, doc­tors include trau­mat­ic brain injury. This is a very seri­ous ail­ment, which is accom­pa­nied by a weak­ened con­scious­ness and a low­ered state of alert­ness, man­i­fest­ed as exces­sive day­time sleepi­ness. Such symp­toms can be observed 6–18 months after the injury.

Symptoms of the disease

Chron­ic fatigue and lack of sleep can be asso­ci­at­ed with the devel­op­ment of var­i­ous dis­eases, the diag­no­sis of which requires con­sul­ta­tion with a doc­tor. Among the most com­mon ail­ments that pro­voke drowsi­ness are obstruc­tive sleep apnea and hypothy­roidism (the inabil­i­ty of the thy­roid gland to pro­duce ade­quate hor­mones to main­tain body func­tions). If a per­son has the char­ac­ter­is­tic symp­toms of these dis­eases, then per­haps they cause increased drowsi­ness. And you need to con­tact the doc­tor as soon as pos­si­ble to start treat­ment.

Mental disorders

Psy­chi­atric dis­or­ders can also cause con­stant fatigue. A com­mon con­di­tion of depres­sion in today’s world, espe­cial­ly major depres­sive dis­or­der (MDD or MDD), includes symp­toms asso­ci­at­ed with fre­quent fatigue, ener­gy decline, loss of inter­est in usu­al activ­i­ties, and a con­stant desire to sleep. Signs of this dis­ease also include a depressed mood, a sig­nif­i­cant change in weight, an inter­nal feel­ing of worth­less­ness or self-guilt, slow­ness of action, sui­ci­dal thoughts and poor con­cen­tra­tion. Med­ica­tions used to treat this type of dis­or­der can also con­tribute to the feel­ing of sleepi­ness.

Anoth­er com­mon men­tal ill­ness that makes you con­stant­ly want to sleep is bipo­lar dis­or­der. It can con­sist of alter­nat­ing peri­ods of ela­tion and depres­sion, or even man­ic episodes. As with MDD, depres­sive peri­ods in bipo­lar dis­or­der are often accom­pa­nied by drowsi­ness and increased sleep dura­tion.

Circadian rhythm disorder

The cir­ca­di­an rhythm is the body’s bio­log­i­cal clock that con­trols the sleep-wake cycle. Vio­la­tions in this sys­tem can lead to sleep prob­lems. Despite the var­i­ous caus­es of jet lag, the more com­mon ones are asso­ci­at­ed with changes in a per­son­’s rou­tine due to per­son­al and social fac­tors (such as shifts in work, study, an abun­dance of social respon­si­bil­i­ties, poor lifestyle, jet lag).

Impor­tant!

The infor­ma­tion pro­vid­ed is not intend­ed for diag­no­sis or treat­ment and should not replace per­son­al con­sul­ta­tion with a qual­i­fied pro­fes­sion­al. If a per­son has increased drowsi­ness that caus­es con­cern, then it is advis­able to con­sult a doc­tor and under­go an exam­i­na­tion.

By Yraa

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