Most parents after the birth of the crumbs try to determine who the baby looks more like. And often the object for comparison is the color of the eyes. Here it is worth considering that it is unstable in a newborn, and the real “color” will “appear” much later.
The color of the eyes of the crumbs can change during the first year of life, or even later. It is practically impossible to determine this accurately before the age of three months. The same applies to visual acuity — at first, the baby can only feel the light, but closer to a year this value will correspond to half the visual acuity of an adult.
Immediately after birth, the baby’s vision is tested by its reaction to light. And in the second week of life, the child will already be able to fix his gaze for a few seconds on a certain object. When the baby reaches two months of age, the fixation of the gaze will become stable. At six months, the baby will already be able to distinguish between the simplest geometric shapes, and at a year — and drawings.
Why does eye color change in newborns? The color of the iris, as well as the color of the skin and hair, is directly dependent on the melanin pigment. Most babies have light gray or light blue eyes. This is because the iris of their eyes does not contain melanin. As the body produces and accumulates melanin, the baby’s eye color will change. A large amount of pigment will cause the eyes to turn brown, and a small amount will stain the iris in gray, green or blue.
The production of melanin is an unstable process in the child’s body. So the color of the baby’s eyes can change several times and finally stabilize only at the age of three to four years. Then it will be possible to compare it with relatives.
As for the total amount of melanin, it is primarily due to heredity. And keep in mind that the complex of genes will be common — not only from parents, but also from distant ancestors. Of course, it is impossible to predict in advance what eye color your baby will have. Very rarely, but a baby can be born with eyes of different colors — this phenomenon is called heterochromia. There are also albino babies. If melanin is completely absent in the iris, then blood in the choroid is responsible for the color of the eyes. Interestingly, light eyes, even in adults, can change their color — for example, as a result of illness or stress.