Why do you need body fat? How beautiful it would be without them, right? That’s not a drop of fat, one elastic skin and pumped up muscles, a flat tummy with a hint of the notorious cubes, and a round ass. And chest, of course, as without it.
But it won’t work, and it’s not even worth dreaming about. There will be no fat in the body — there will be no beautiful skin, and you will have to forget about lush breasts in general. Because women’s breasts are mostly made up of fat. Yes, and other functions of the female body require a certain amount of fat …
Perhaps you should learn more about this important component of the human body? Healthyinfo offers 9 interesting facts about fat.
Why is fat needed in the body?
Could evolution have made a mistake and left us completely unnecessary fat for some reason? Probably, she could, because for some reason men have nipples, for example, although they do not breastfeed their children.
But all people are born with a huge supply of adipocytes — fat cells. And throughout life, the body carefully monitors that these cells are not too small. If, for example, part of the adipose tissue is removed through liposuction, then new adipocytes will quickly form in other parts of the body. Because there must be a certain amount of body fat, period.
Fact 1: The body stores energy
Body fat is the energy reserve of the body. The body of an average person of normal build contains from 10 to 15 kg of adipose tissue. This is enough to live for 2 months, spending about 2000 kcal daily.
Does this mean that fasting can rid the body of excess fat cells? No, that won’t work. Even when the body begins to consume fat reserves, the cells do not disappear anywhere, but simply decrease in size. And then, when the hunger strike stops, the cells of adipose tissue will again begin to increase, accumulating an energy reserve in case of the next hunger strike.
Fact 2: Subcutaneous fat — protection against hypothermia
… and generally from temperature extremes. But, of course, mostly from the cold. It is not for nothing that the northern peoples have a thicker layer of subcutaneous fat in the body than the inhabitants of hot countries.
Women have more subcutaneous fat than men, and it is located in other areas: mainly on the hips and buttocks, a little on the sides, in the chest. Therefore, the normal shape of the female body is more rounded, with beautiful smooth curves.
However, in the female body there is generally more fat by 10–15%. And it performs not only a protective function.
Fact 3: Fat is part of the endocrine system
In the female body, fat acts as an estrogen depot. If a woman loses too much fat, this leads to the cessation of menstruation and the loss of fertility, as adipocytes synthesize a substance called leptin, which is responsible for maintaining fertility in adult women and puberty in adolescents.
And in body fat stores a supply of fat-soluble vitamins necessary for maintaining health. And beauty too.
Fact 4: Not only camels store water in fat
In camels, the moisture reserve is stored, as is known, in the adipose tissue of the humps. Although people do have humps, the water supply is not stored in them, but in fat depots. Therefore, in the absence or a sharp decrease in the amount of fat in the body, the condition of the skin quickly deteriorates: it becomes dry, loses elasticity and becomes covered with wrinkles.
Fact 5: Fat is a source of stem cells
Fat cells can be converted into so-called induced stem cells (iPS). Previously, skin cells were used to obtain iPS, but it turned out that this happens much more efficiently with adipocytes. The “rainy day reserves” pumped out during liposuction can become “fat gold”. But this is not a reason to accumulate excess weight.
Fact 6: Exercise is the best prevention of obesity
And not only because it burns a lot of calories. Scientists have found that with regular physical activity, the mechanism of splitting fats is turned on and their accumulation decreases. If a person leads a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, moves a little, then under load, glycogen stores are first broken down, then proteins (including those that make up muscles), and only then the turn comes to fat depots.
This means that a sedentary person, in order to burn 100 g of fat from the abdomen or sides, will have to work harder than a sports fan.
Fact 7: To avoid excess weight, you need to sleep
Just not just sleep, but on time, regularly and enough. That is, at night, and at least 7–8 hours every day. Violation of the natural rhythms of wakefulness and sleep leads to disruptions in metabolic processes. As a result, not only more body fat is formed, but the risk of developing diabetes mellitus and diseases of the cardiovascular system, up to stroke and myocardial infarction, also increases.
Fact 8: Fat does not turn into muscle, and vice versa — too
There are no exercises or diets that will turn the fat pads on the sides or thighs into muscle tissue. The opposite is also true: a break in physical activity will not cause the muscles to turn into a cluster of adipocytes.
You can not pump up the female breast, you can only strengthen the muscles that lie under the mammary gland and its fatty environment. No exercise will be able to remove fat on any one part of the body so that the rest do not lose weight. Excess weight either goes away from everywhere, or does not go away at all. No matter how much you want to drive fat from your stomach, leaving a magnificent chest, nothing will come of it. The breast, as a rule, loses volumes first. And the pillows on the stomach and buttocks hold on to death, until the last not wanting to leave their homes.
Fact 9: It is harmful to get involved in low-fat foods!
The desire to get rid of excess fat sometimes makes you do the wrong things. For example, switch to low-fat foods. But the lack of fat in the diet leads to disruption of normal metabolism. As a result, the body tries to compensate for the lack of energy with a large amount of carbohydrates. Skewed towards carbohydrates causes an increase in insulin levels, and increased processing of glucose into fats.
And instead of the desired weight loss, a person receives an increase in weight, a deterioration in well-being and a bouquet of diseases in addition. Because lipids play an important role in metabolic processes, they are necessary for the construction of cell membranes, the normal functioning of the endocrine system, etc.
Alison Tedstone, Dietitian, Director of the Health and Wellbeing Directorate of Public Health England
We are concerned that obesity is becoming a national problem and we are doing a lot to change the situation for the better. But don’t demonize fats. It is a necessary component of any healthy diet, and it is impossible to maintain health if there is not enough fat in the body.
It is important to maintain the correct ratio, avoiding both the lack of fat and its excess.
To do this, you need not to overeat, eat healthy foods with a predominance of complex carbohydrates and proteins, and regularly give your body physical activity.
It is unacceptable and unwise to try to get rid of all the fat in your body.