Causes of sleep disturbance

By Yraa #absence, #accompanied, #accompanying, #activities, #activity, #addiction, #advance, #affects, #afternoon, #against, #age, #alcohol, #almost, #any, #apnea, #around, #asleep, #associated, #attention, #average, #background, #becomes, #bed, #been, #begins, #blood, #both, #break, #breathing, #bring, #burning, #calculated, #called, #cardiovascular, #cause, #caused, #causes, #characteristic, #characterized, #cholecystitis, #chronic, #cognitive, #come, #complaints, #complete, #condition, #conditions, #consequences, #consists, #contained, #couple, #creating, #daily, #damage, #daytime, #decrease, #decreases, #deficiency, #desire, #detected, #development, #develops, #diagnosed, #different, #difficult, #difficulties, #difficulty, #discomfort, #discuss, #disease, #diseases, #disorder, #disorders, #disturbance, #divided, #doctors, #drowsiness, #drug, #due, #elasticity, #emotional, #ends, #enough, #environment, #established, #etc, #evening, #every, #excessive, #experiences, #experts, #extremities, #factors, #facts, #falling, #fatigue, #fear, #feature, #feels, #few, #fixed, #form, #formation, #forms, #frequent, #freshness, #functions, #gets, #going, #hang, #he, #healthyinfo, #heart, #help, #here, #him, #himself, #his, #hour, #hygiene, #hypertension, #improve, #includes, #increased, #increases, #insomnia, #intake, #iron, #itself, #just, #know, #known, #lead, #leads, #leg, #legs, #lesions, #level, #likely, #limit, #listen, #long, #loss, #loud, #loved, #lower, #mainly, #makes, #man, #manifestations, #may, #Men, #methods, #mood, #moreover, #motor, #move, #movements, #moving, #nature, #negative, #nervous, #new, #night, #normal, #obese, #observed, #occur, #occurs, #off, #old, #once, #ones, #onset, #optimal, #organic, #overload, #overweight, #oxygen, #painful, #partially, #pathologies, #patients, #people, #period, #positive, #primary, #processes, #production, #provoking, #psychological, #put, #putting, #reducing, #relaxing, #repeated, #rescue, #respiratory, #rest, #restless, #restore, #result, #returns, #rid, #room, #scientists, #seconds, #sedatives, #sensations, #serious, #short, #situation, #sleep, #Sleeping, #snoring, #social, #some, #sometimes, #standard, #stops, #study, #subcutaneous, #subsequent, #suddenly, #suffer, #supporting, #sure, #symptom, #symptoms, #system, #systems, #t, #taking, #talk, #techniques, #term, #therapy, #therefore, #three, #times, #today, #tract, #treat, #treatment, #trying, #turns, #two, #type, #Types, #unpleasant, #upper, #very, #violation, #waking, #wants, #was, #watch, #way, #week, #why, #widely, #will, #Women

Sleep dis­or­ders can have many caus­es: a stress­ful sit­u­a­tion, psy­cho-emo­tion­al over­load, organ­ic dam­age to the ner­vous sys­tem, a chron­ic dis­ease. A short or inter­rupt­ed sleep leads to a decrease in per­for­mance, to day­time fatigue and lethar­gy. And some­times a per­son is sure that he was sleep­ing, but in the morn­ing he feels over­whelmed. Why does­n’t a night’s rest bring fresh­ness and joy? Healthy­in­fo will talk about the caus­es of rest­less sleep, includ­ing snor­ing and rest­less leg syn­drome.

Snoring is a symptom of a serious disorder

Sleep­er snor­ing, of course, does not improve the mood of loved ones, but it can also be a symp­tom of a seri­ous ill­ness. A con­di­tion in which fre­quent episodes of res­pi­ra­to­ry arrest of an irre­versible or par­tial­ly reversible nature occur dur­ing sleep, accom­pa­nied by oxy­gen star­va­tion, is called obstruc­tive sleep apnea syn­drome. The symp­toms of this dis­ease are wide­ly known: loud snor­ing, fre­quent awak­en­ings, headache in the morn­ing, day­time fatigue and drowsi­ness. The patient him­self may not know about res­pi­ra­to­ry arrest, but close peo­ple should treat him with increased atten­tion. The pic­ture of the dis­ease is stan­dard: a snor­ing per­son sud­den­ly becomes silent, breath­ing stops for a few sec­onds, then he snores loud­ly and begins to breathe. Apnea is diag­nosed after a polysomno­graph­ic study with the onset of 5 or more episodes in 1 hour of sleep.

Respiratory arrest leads to hypoxia

Respiratory arrest leads to hypoxia

If breath­ing is dis­turbed dur­ing a night’s rest, the lev­el of oxy­gen sat­u­ra­tion in the blood decreas­es (hypox­ia), but the lev­el of car­bon diox­ide increas­es (hyper­cap­nia). Sci­en­tists have cal­cu­lat­ed that dur­ing repeat­ed episodes of sleep apnea, microac­ti­va­tion of the brain occurs to restore breath­ing, so patients do not get enough sleep every night for 3–4 hours. Their sleep is inter­rupt­ed and rest­less. Today, doc­tors rec­og­nize obstruc­tive sleep apnea syn­drome as one of the caus­es of arte­r­i­al hyper­ten­sion.

The syn­drome devel­ops against the back­ground of nar­row­ing of the lumen of the upper res­pi­ra­to­ry tract or loss of their elas­tic­i­ty. It is noticed that snor­ing is most often observed in over­weight peo­ple. Almost 70% of adults with obstruc­tive sleep apnea are obese. Also, the fac­tors pro­vok­ing its for­ma­tion are: patholo­gies of the orophar­ynx or nasophar­ynx, anatom­i­cal defects, endocrinopathies (acromegaly, hypothy­roidism), alco­hol intake, seda­tive or hyp­not­ic drugs. Mul­ti­ple noc­tur­nal res­pi­ra­to­ry arrests are detect­ed in stroke patients, with some dis­eases of the ner­vous and car­dio­vas­cu­lar sys­tems.

restless leg syndrome

Rest­less legs syn­drome is a sen­so­ri­mo­tor dis­or­der. At night, a per­son expe­ri­ences dis­com­fort in the low­er extrem­i­ties (burn­ing, tin­gling, sub­cu­ta­neous per­tur­ba­tion, trem­bling, etc.) and exces­sive motor activ­i­ty (an obses­sive desire to move). Try­ing to get rid of painful sen­so­ry man­i­fes­ta­tions, the patient makes facil­i­tat­ing move­ments and wakes up. The syn­drome man­i­fests itself on aver­age a cou­ple of times a week. A dis­ease is called pri­ma­ry if there are no accom­pa­ny­ing neu­ro­log­i­cal and somat­ic patholo­gies. It has been record­ed that in this case, the acti­va­tion of symp­toms coin­cides with a dai­ly decrease in the lev­el of dopamine. But with the sec­ondary form of rest­less legs syn­drome, there is an iron defi­cien­cy in the brain. A fea­ture of this dis­ease is the man­i­fes­ta­tion of symp­toms exclu­sive­ly in the evening or at night, the most unpleas­ant sen­sa­tions increase from mid­night to 4 in the morn­ing. But in the morn­ing and after­noon hours, rest­less legs syn­drome does not man­i­fest itself in any way.

Other forms of sleep disorder

Other forms of sleep disorder

When a per­son has dif­fi­cul­ty falling asleep, or, con­verse­ly, wak­ing up ear­ly, experts state a type of sleep dis­or­der — insom­nia. Two caus­es of dif­fer­ent eti­olo­gies lead to sleep dis­tur­bance — emo­tion­al and psy­cho­log­i­cal fac­tors and organ­ic lesions in meta­bol­ic process­es. In the first case, the inabil­i­ty to relax, dis­con­nect from anx­i­eties, put off wor­ries for tomor­row is fixed. There­fore, women, due to their increased emo­tion­al­i­ty, are more like­ly to suf­fer from insom­nia than men.

Depend­ing on the under­ly­ing cause, insom­nia is divid­ed into the fol­low­ing types:

    Psychophysiological insomnia. The main characteristic of this form is contained in just three words — “fear of not falling asleep.” The man tries his best to force himself to sleep. And it turns out the other way around, the more he wants, the more he gets the opposite result. At the same time, the next evening, his anxiety begins to increase in advance, long before going to bed. Treatment in this case consists in cognitive-behavioral correction, reducing the “sleep pressure” on the psyche.
    Adjustment insomnia is a short-term disorder associated with new experiences, both positive and negative, or a change in environment (moving, traveling, conflict, new job, etc.). Once life returns to normal, insomnia usually ends on its own. In this case, over-the-counter sedatives come to the rescue. But you can get by with relaxing breathing techniques, meditation and other relaxing methods.
    Violation of sleep hygiene leads to a disorder of night rest, which mainly affects adolescents, young and old people. In accordance with their age, they hang out in front of computers in the evenings, watch aggressive films, discuss topical issues, which causes difficulties with subsequent falling asleep or with frequent awakenings. The therapy consists in putting the daily routine in order and creating optimal conditions for going to bed (ventilate the room, listen to relaxing music, limit TV viewing, abandon the daily “quiet hour”, etc.).
    Paradoxical insomnia is characterized by complaints of patients about the complete disappearance of sleep over a long period in the absence of any supporting facts. Their daily activities, social and production functions are not disturbed. It is possible to prove the objectivity and sufficiency of night rest only with the help of a polysomnographic study.
    Such chronic pathologies as osteoarthritis, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular changes also lead to sleep disturbance. Moreover, insomnia in this case is secondary, since it is observed after the development of the underlying disease.
    Also, secondary insomnia includes a disorder of night rest caused by taking sleeping pills and other drugs, including alcohol. The problem here is the established drug addiction, which is very difficult to break. Any attempts to do this lead to negative consequences — the development of a withdrawal syndrome.

By Yraa

Leave a Reply