Those manifestations that accompany an intervertebral hernia largely depend on its location or size. The minimum level of pressure on the spinal discs can lead to the fact that the pain will be negligible. And in the event that the nerves “understand” that a hernia has appeared, this can lead to slight numbness of the limbs, and in especially critical cases, even to paralysis. If an intervertebral disc forms in the lumbar region, it can lead to compression of the sciatic nerve. The pain from such a hernia will be felt directly from the gluteal muscles to the very foot. A hernia in the upper spine will lead to severe pain along the inner thighs. Violations that have arisen in the cervical region affect the arms, shoulders, and also the front side of the chest. You can also highlight the central (median hernia), leading to compression of both the roots and the spinal cord itself.
A hernia almost always appears as a result of an overload of the spinal column. Moreover, this overload can be permanent or one-time. Often, intervertebral hernias occur in people who are often forced to lift weights in an incline (it may be enough once, especially if the weights exceed all permissible norms).
As for the central hernia, many hours of sedentary work can lead to it, leading to fatigue of the back muscles. These professions include pianists and office workers. Vibration effects can also lead to the disc falling out — drivers are most at risk here. Poor posture can also make the situation worse.
There is a possibility that the onset of the disease is gradual rather than acute. In this case, the patient will feel periodic “backaches” against the background of constant aching pain in the back. These symptoms cannot be ignored because the disease progresses very quickly.
It is possible to prevent lumbar pain, and hence the appearance of an intervertebral hernia, if you initially maintain a normal weight and properly equip the workplace with special devices. It is this fact that will significantly reduce the load on the spinal column — both during sedentary work and during movement. Physical exercise, an active lifestyle, or at least morning exercises should become the norm of your life. Useful sports are tennis, football, swimming and gymnastics.
By the way, constant smoking makes the intervertebral discs as susceptible to injury as possible. After all, a daily dose of nicotine cuts off the supply of nutrients from the blood, as the blood vessels constrict. Regular consumption of alcohol also leads to the same consequences. As for nutrition, cereals, vegetables and meat products are preferable for a healthy spine. But the products at risk include: spicy foods, sugar, salt, canned food and coffee.
In addition, it is important to constantly maintain the correct posture — not only when walking or at work, but also during sleep. If you sleep on your back, place a small pillow under your knees. When you sleep on your side, the same pillow should be placed between your legs — this will allow the spine to remain in a neutral position. A soft mattress is not the best solution for a comfortable sleep, but buckwheat husk mattress and buckwheat pillow fit perfectly.