Interesting facts about men and discrimination against men’s health: what’s the problem?

By Yraa #ability, #abuse, #according, #accurate, #activity, #actually, #add, #addiction, #adult, #affects, #against, #age, #alcohol, #almost, #although, #amount, #ancient, #another, #answer, #appear, #apple, #appreciated, #area, #areas, #around, #article, #asked, #associated, #attention, #attractiveness, #author, #average, #based, #basis, #beautiful, #beauty, #become, #been, #begin, #behavior, #being, #believe, #believed, #belt, #belts, #bend, #between, #birth, #blood, #bodies, #Body, #both, #bottom, #bring, #c, #calculated, #came, #carried, #cases, #causes, #century, #changing, #characteristic, #characteristics, #child, #choice, #choose, #choosing, #circulation, #Clear, #cold, #comes, #comfort, #common, #comprehensive, #concluded, #conclusions, #conducted, #connection, #consequences, #consider, #contribute, #Control, #convenient, #could, #countries, #covered, #creates, #current, #cut, #cycles, #d, #damage, #danger, #days, #deficit, #definitely, #depends, #depression, #desire, #determined, #develop, #development, #diagnosed, #did, #differ, #differences, #different, #difficult, #disorder, #doctors, #down, #dream, #dreams, #drink, #drinking, #drug, #due, #e, #easier, #eat, #eaten, #eating, #effect, #emotional, #emotions, #entire, #environment, #even, #every, #example, #exception, #experiences, #expert, #fact, #facts, #fairly, #faster, #fat, #feature, #feel, #female, #few, #fight, #find, #fingers, #five, #focused, #follow, #forbidden, #forget, #form, #formation, #formed, #forward, #found, #fruit, #function, #g, #gender, #general, #genetic, #girls, #given, #Good, #grams, #grow, #Growth, #had, #half, #hand, #hands, #he, #health, #Healthy, #healthyinfo, #height, #here, #higher, #highest, #his, #however, #human, #idea, #identify, #importance, #include, #index, #indicate, #influence, #information, #initially, #institute, #interest, #interesting, #international, #involved, #irritability, #issue, #itself, #just, #know, #known, #larger, #leading, #legs, #less, #level, #lie, #lies, #lifestyle, #likely, #live, #lives, #longer, #look, #looking, #lot, #love, #lower, #lowering, #m, #mainly, #makes, #male, #man, #manifestations, #mass, #matter, #may, #mean, #Medical, #medicine, #Men, #mental, #method, #minutes, #model, #models, #modern, #moment, #month, #mood, #mother, #much, #muscle, #muscular, #namely, #nature, #Neck, #needed, #needs, #neutral, #night, #nightmares, #normal, #nothing, #notice, #now, #occur, #off, #older, #opinion, #opinions, #organic, #organs, #others, #our, #overall, #paid, #palms, #particular, #parts, #peculiarities, #people, #per, #performed, #period, #personal, #physical, #physiological, #physiology, #pick, #play, #pleasant, #point, #poor, #population, #positive, #prefer, #pregnant, #prevent, #prevents, #primarily, #probably, #problems, #produce, #prone, #property, #proven, #purpose, #puts, #question, #quickly, #range, #rather, #ratio, #react, #read, #real, #reality, #reason, #reasons, #receives, #recently, #reduced, #remain, #remaining, #replaced, #require, #research, #rest, #result, #results, #right, #risk, #rule, #rules, #said, #salads, #satisfy, #say, #scale, #scientific, #scientists, #second, #see, #seem, #seems, #self, #separate, #serious, #sex, #short, #show, #shows, #significantly, #signs, #simply, #six, #size, #Skin, #slender, #some, #sometimes, #somewhat, #source, #special, #specialists, #spend, #spends, #squat, #start, #started, #starting, #statistics, #stick, #still, #stimulates, #strength, #strong, #stronger, #studied, #studies, #study, #substance, #support, #symptoms, #t, #table, #take, #taken, #taking, #talk, #target, #task, #tell, #tend, #term, #testosterone, #themselves, #therefore, #things, #thinking, #those, #three, #times, #tone, #too, #total, #treatment, #truth, #turned, #turns, #twice, #under, #unique, #university, #us, #value, #variations, #various, #version, #very, #volumes, #waist, #wake, #was, #watch, #way, #week, #weeks, #weight, #were, #where, #while, #who, #whole, #why, #widely, #will, #woman, #Women, #world, #would, #year

You prob­a­bly have not even heard that there is such a hol­i­day — Inter­na­tion­al men’s day! And it is not only cel­e­brat­ed this year Novem­ber 2 in dif­fer­ent coun­tries, it is offi­cial­ly approved by the UN. And Mikhail Gor­bachev par­tic­i­pat­ed in the approval of this spe­cial day. Why and who need­ed this Men’s World Day?

There are many facts about men that sta­tis­tics are silent about. Although we know that the aver­age woman lives longer than a man, but who knows that the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the stronger sex look at girls for almost a year of their life, and also that gen­tle­men tell lies 2 times more than ladies? Healthy­in­fo even knows what men lie about the most and reveals inter­est­ing facts about the life of a strong half of the pop­u­la­tion and how men are dis­crim­i­nat­ed against. Even where they them­selves do not sus­pect it.

Discrimination due to testosterone

Discrimination due to testosterone

Although nom­i­nal­ly Men’s Day is a hol­i­day, it is not about gifts and feasts. He was approved for seri­ous pur­pos­es, to equal­ize the rights of both sex­es. It all start­ed when writer George Kindel came up with the idea of ​​testos­terone’s effect on the male brain. There­fore, the strong half of human­i­ty is ini­tial­ly prone to aggres­sion.

Good for ladies: their soci­ety does not con­demn them for man­i­fes­ta­tions of strength, but all because they do not have testos­terone pres­sure. It turns out some­how unfair: men have to fight with their nature. In order not to be sad in such a bat­tle for pos­i­tive, rather than aggres­sive, under­tak­ings, the writer sug­gest­ed reward­ing men wor­thy of atten­tion with spe­cial prizes. The win­ners of the awards had to prove at the high­est lev­el their vic­to­ry over the “male hor­mone of aggres­sion” and show how a real man should act in chang­ing the world. Name­ly, with­out vio­lence.

The hol­i­day was approved in 2000 by the UN, and Mikhail Gor­bachev was elect­ed pres­i­dent of World Men’s Day. Prizes were award­ed until 2006. Years. Copies of Rod­in’s The Thinker dur­ing this time were award­ed to Lech Wale­sa, Paul McCart­ney, Luciano Pavarot­ti, Michael Jack­son, Michael Dou­glas, Paul Free­man, Alain Delon, John Paul II and the mag­nates Thad and Richards Bran­son.

In sup­port of the strong half — our facts about the char­ac­ter­is­tics of men and their dif­fer­ences from women. Believe me, many few peo­ple knew until sci­en­tists decid­ed to get to the bot­tom of the truth!

On Novem­ber 19, anoth­er Inter­na­tion­al Men’s Day is cel­e­brat­ed, adopt­ed in 60 coun­tries as a con­trast to Father’s Day.

Male nightmare: non-female version

The effect of testos­terone has been sci­en­tif­i­cal­ly proven, and there is no argu­ing with it. But not only the lev­el of male hor­mones shows dif­fer­ences in the body. For exam­ple, sci­en­tists have stud­ied what exact­ly men dream about, what they con­sid­er a night­mare.

More than 100,000 dreams have been stud­ied by spe­cial­ists from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Mon­tre­al. Yes, death, ill­ness, and threats to per­son­al well-being are com­mon motifs in adult night­mares. But there are also gen­der dif­fer­ences.

Men tend to wake up in hor­ror if they see large-scale cat­a­stro­phes, glob­al dis­as­ters, war… But con­flicts between per­son­al­i­ties at night dis­turb main­ly women: 2 times more than the stronger sex.

Men’s lifestyle depends on intelligence

Men's lifestyle depends on intelligence

The Karolin­s­ka Insti­tute (Swe­den) decid­ed to find out if there is a con­nec­tion between behav­ior and the lev­el of intel­li­gence (IQ) in men. And to prove what influ­ences more: upbring­ing, intel­li­gence or the same testos­terone? As it turned out, IQ even affects such fea­tures as addic­tion to alco­hol.

The study involved 50,000 Swedes born between 1949 and 1951. Although it can be tak­en into account that Swe­den, like the rest of Scan­di­navia, is a rather “drink­ing” coun­try. But the con­clu­sions of sci­en­tists turned out to be wor­thy of atten­tion.

As it turned out, the low­er the intel­li­gence, the more often men tend to drink too much. How­ev­er, it is not yet very clear what influ­ences: the num­ber of emo­tion­al prob­lems in the study was not tak­en into account, only the ratio was revealed. But they def­i­nite­ly found out that the high­er the intel­li­gence, the more often a man tends to fol­low the rules of a healthy lifestyle. Look­ing for­ward to research on women!

Men lie more. But about what?

A West­ern man lies to friends, co-work­ers, boss or wife six times a day, while women lie only three times. A sur­vey con­duct­ed by 20th Cen­tu­ry Fox pri­or to the air­ing of Lie To Me revealed this sur­pris­ing fact.

It turned out that men lie 2 times more often than women. But not about events or oth­er peo­ple. The most com­mon lie: “It’s okay. I’m alright”.

Look at me!

A man spends 43 min­utes a day look­ing at about 10 ladies. These min­utes add up to 259 hours (about 11 days) per year. And for a peri­od of 18–50 years, men spend 11 months and 11 days admir­ing the fair sex.

Women, on the oth­er hand, look at gen­tle­men for only 20 min­utes a day. And over the same years, they will spend only 6 months on this activ­i­ty (the aver­age man spends the same amount of time shav­ing in his entire life). The ques­tion of where women look for the remain­ing 5.5 months has not yet been inves­ti­gat­ed.

Healthy weight as a criterion of beauty

Healthy weight as a criterion of beauty

No mat­ter how many very slen­der mod­els appear on the cat­walks or, con­verse­ly, body-pos­i­tive fol­low­ers, men remain stead­fast in their pref­er­ences. Blan­ca Oli­va (Uni­ver­si­ty of Grana­da) proved that men choose healthy women. We do not mean those who do not cough or who do not have a cold, but those whose body weight is with­in the nor­mal range.

This means that men react pos­i­tive­ly not to some ideals from Insta­gram or girls of only a mod­el ver­sion with a waist that can be clasped by the palms, but to women with a nor­mal body mass index, height-to-weight ratio.

Hands on belt or ancient pickup ritual

It’s not just cow­boys in movies who stick their thumbs under their belts. As it turned out, this posi­tion is char­ac­ter­is­tic of the entire male sex, and it is almost an instinct. Why is it need­ed?

So a man uncon­scious­ly draws atten­tion to his phys­i­cal form and inten­tions. And the main tar­get is women. When a man is eager to show his inter­est to a lady, he most often assumes a pose that shows that he is brave and strong. And, as a rule, puts his thumbs under the belt.

This rit­u­al was formed in ancient times, when there were no belts, no garters, or even pants. Males seek­ing to take pos­ses­sion of the female point­ed point­ed­ly to the area between the legs. In mod­ern times, this ges­ture is rather obscene, but we still have its con­se­quences: when a man puts his palms on the belt, the fin­gers also point to the crotch. It is dif­fi­cult to fight ancient instincts, it is eas­i­er to sim­ply real­ize the rea­sons for such ges­tures.

Men’s compliments are more appreciated by the men themselves

There is an opin­ion that men are not indif­fer­ent to com­pli­ments from women and per­ceive them with plea­sure. But in real­i­ty, com­pli­ments from mem­bers of the same sex bring them much more plea­sure. And sex­u­al ori­en­ta­tion has noth­ing to do with it.

Robert Her­bert of Bing­ham­ton Uni­ver­si­ty proved that men per­ceive com­pli­ments and praise in a fair­ly neu­tral way and thank them for them only 30% of the time. But if a man receives the approval of anoth­er man, then this is like­ly to be accept­ed as a par­tic­u­lar­ly pleas­ant fact, and will increase his self-esteem. Such is the val­ue of opin­ions with­in the male fra­ter­ni­ty.

Friendship is friendship, but support is separate

Friendship is friendship, but support is separate

Ronald E. Rig­gio, Ph.D., wrote an arti­cle in which he ana­lyzed the work on the pecu­liar­i­ties of friend­ship in wom­en’s and men’s com­pa­nies. And he con­clud­ed that the basis of male friend­ship is in the com­mon inter­est. Men like to play foot­ball, pok­er, even board games or watch movies and match­es with a friend or friends.

Female friend­ship is based on emo­tions and sup­port. Women choose girl­friends who are “emo­tion­al­ly in tune” with their inner expe­ri­ences. That, how­ev­er, does not can­cel the friend­ship of inter­est. But this is the main answer why strong friend­ships between mem­bers of dif­fer­ent sex­es are not very com­mon. We are still dif­fer­ent.

Men eat twice as much when they are with women.

This is a rather strange fact, but it was not pos­si­ble to refute it: men eat more if they are at the table with a woman. For exam­ple, they eat 93% more piz­za and 86% more sal­ads than they would in a male com­pa­ny.

Cor­nell Uni­ver­si­ty Ph.D. Kevin Knif­fin not only cal­cu­lat­ed how many grams were eat­en in grams, but also con­clud­ed that men do this to impress beau­ti­ful ladies. It seems like a rather stu­pid method, but again, this is the influ­ence of instincts.

Freedom in dress comes with age

Cloth­ing on the body affects our well-being and self-per­cep­tion. And not only on ours, but also on how those around us see us, because they “meet by clothes”. Why we love suits for busi­ness meet­ings: they make us feel more con­fi­dent.

But the choice changes with age. For exam­ple, many young peo­ple pre­fer skin­ny, tight-fit­ting trousers, although most often to the detri­ment of com­fort (and some­times health: doc­tors have repeat­ed­ly warned about over­heat­ing and poor blood cir­cu­la­tion in the per­ineum). With age, the desire for fash­ion is replaced by the desire for com­fort. There­fore, men are more like­ly to start choos­ing loos­er cut trousers or shorts (and even under­wear!).

Features of male masturbation and … memory

Sci­en­tists could not ignore such a ques­tion. They (and every­one) won­dered how many times young peo­ple of both sex­es sat­is­fy them­selves on their own. And here’s what they found out: 44% of stu­dents mas­tur­bate an aver­age of 4.7 times a month. And 98% of guys do it 12 times a month. But it’s not accu­rate, and here’s why.

The same study found that men have a unique mem­o­ry prop­er­ty, short-term amne­sia. If the act of soli­tary plea­sure was per­formed against the back­drop of a good mood, most like­ly, a man will for­get about it very quick­ly.

From birth to death: differences in physiology

From birth to death: differences in physiology

Sci­en­tists iden­ti­fy many dif­fer­ent dif­fer­ences, right down to how we pick up fall­en objects. Men are more like­ly to bend over, and women are more like­ly to squat. It is not known why sci­ence needs such facts. Here are some oth­er inter­est­ing things to know. For exam­ple, such.

    During about the first six weeks after conception, all human embryos develop like a female child, primarily taking in genetic information from the mother’s DNA. After the sixth week of development, if the embryo is male, the SRY gene on the Y chromosome will begin to produce androgens, primarily testosterone, which stimulates the formation of male body organs.
    Worldwide, for every 100 girls born, 107 boys are born.
    But because women tend to live longer than men, there are 101 men in the total world population for every 100 women.
    Men have higher mortality rates for all 15 leading causes of death (with the exception of Alzheimer’s) and die an average of five years younger than women.
    Although men make up just over half of the world’s workforce, they are the victims of 94% of all workplace accident deaths.
    The adult male brain is about 10% larger in overall size than the female brain. But not for intellect and thinking. Since men are generally taller and more muscular than women, their brains require more neurons to control their bodies.
    The average man has almost 2 times more muscle than the average woman and 2 times less body fat. This is the effect of hormones on our bodies.
    Scientists have found that male and female brains actually function somewhat differently. When men are focused on a task, they usually use only one half of the brain for one purpose, concentrating all their attention on the current task. On the other hand, women tend to use both parts of the brain at the same time, which makes them more adept at multitasking.
    The “Adam’s apple”, or laryngeal protrusion on the neck, is a feature primarily unique to adult males, and is the result of the growth of the larynx during puberty. The term itself comes from the biblical story of Adam eating the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden.
    The voices of all boys and girls change during puberty. But the changes in the boy’s voice are dramatic, sometimes lowering the timbre by a whole octave in tone. In nature, males also develop a deeper voice as they grow older to attract females and intimidate other males. And scientists believe that the change in the human voice is determined by the same reasons: to add attractiveness to the ladies and scare off competitors.

Discrimination in medicine

Dis­crim­i­na­tion against women in med­i­cine is wide­ly dis­cussed by the sci­en­tif­ic com­mu­ni­ty. In fact, this is a fact: not only do the symp­toms dif­fer between the sex­es, but the study of var­i­ous drugs is main­ly car­ried out on male vol­un­teers. It is more con­ve­nient with them: there are no phys­i­o­log­i­cal month­ly cycles, there is no dan­ger that the test per­son will become preg­nant and the drug will dam­age the fetus … There is a lot of talk about the con­se­quences of such a bias. For exam­ple, until recent­ly it was believed that autism and atten­tion deficit hyper­ac­tiv­i­ty dis­or­der (ADHD) occur in boys almost 5 times more often than in girls. How­ev­er, it is now clear that girls have dif­fer­ent symp­toms and are there­fore less like­ly to be diag­nosed.

This is a pret­ty well known issue. But what is rarely talked about is the dif­fer­ences that pre­vent doc­tors (and soci­ety) from treat­ing men with the atten­tion they deserve. One of the main prob­lems is male depres­sion. After all, boys don’t cry!

Stud­ies show that the abil­i­ty of peo­ple in gen­er­al and doc­tors in par­tic­u­lar to notice cas­es of male depres­sion is marked­ly low­er. And the rea­sons are in the dif­fer­ences in symp­toms.

Male depres­sion has its own clas­si­fi­ca­tion because depres­sion is twice as com­mon in women, and the symp­toms asso­ci­at­ed with male depres­sion tend to be unique to men. These include escapist, avoidant behav­ior (when a man “bumps” into work, sports, hob­bies), sub­stance abuse (pre­dom­i­nant­ly alco­hol, but there are vari­a­tions), con­trol­ling or abu­sive behav­ior, irri­tabil­i­ty, risky and reck­less behav­ior. How­ev­er, giv­en recent research, ele­vat­ed rates of depres­sion in women may sim­ply indi­cate undi­ag­nosed cas­es in men.

This is evi­denced by a recent study from the Uni­ver­si­ty of West­min­ster, which proves that the abil­i­ty to detect depres­sive symp­toms in us is sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduced when it comes to men. Over 1,200 med­ical stu­dents read short, fic­tion­al sto­ries about Kate or Jack. Both sto­ries were the same except for the names. When asked if Kate or Jack seemed depressed, the sub­jects were more like­ly to say that Jack did not seem depressed. Those who said he was depressed were most often women. Men do not see alarm­ing symp­toms not only in them­selves, but also in oth­er mem­bers of their gen­der.

Expert com­ment

James B. Potash, pro­fes­sor of psy­chi­a­try, study author

Our results are explained by gen­der stereo­types in rela­tion to men. There is a strong opin­ion that men not only should not show their feel­ings through anger and vio­lence, but should not acknowl­edge these feel­ings at all.

A lot of atten­tion in med­i­cine has been paid to depres­sion in women, and not with­out rea­son: depres­sion is twice as like­ly to be diag­nosed in women.

Our study high­lights the impor­tance of fig­ur­ing out how to com­mu­ni­cate to men that they too are depressed, that depres­sion can be dis­abling, and treat­ment is impor­tant.

The sec­ond dis­turb­ing moment accord­ing to the results of our work is that women detect depres­sive symp­toms in men faster and more cor­rect­ly. Pre­vail­ing beliefs about mas­culin­i­ty can con­tribute to the blind­ness of male depres­sion in one­self and in oth­ers. This not only pre­vents start­ing treat­ment, but also pre­vents a pos­i­tive atti­tude towards anoth­er per­son with signs of depres­sion in a close envi­ron­ment. It is nec­es­sary to change pub­lic opin­ion and erad­i­cate the appeals “boys don’t cry”. Such dis­crim­i­na­tion cre­ates a lot of prob­lems in life and in med­i­cine, and we intend to fight it for the sake of the health of men around the world.

Human anato­my: a text­book in 3 vol­umes. / Sapin M. R., Bil­ic G. L - 2008

Halo­genat­ed Organ­ic Pol­lu­tant Resid­u­als in Human Bared and Cloth­ing-Cov­ered Skin Areas: Source Dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion and Com­pre­hen­sive Health Risk Assess­ment. / Cao Z, Chen Q, Zhu C // Env­i­ron Sci Tech­nol - 2019 Oct 29

Swa­mi V. Men­tal Health Lit­er­a­cy of Depres­sion: Gen­der Dif­fer­ences and Atti­tu­di­nal Antecedents in a Rep­re­sen­ta­tive British Sam­ple // PLOS ONE - 2012

By Yraa

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