Contraceptives protect against unwanted pregnancy, some of them solve gynecological health problems. Modern drugs are available and easy to use, everyone can choose the most convenient method of contraception for themselves. It should be remembered that there is no 100% protection against unwanted pregnancy, all methods have a certain error, most often associated with their correct use.
The best birth control pills
One of the most popular hormonal drugs. In total, there are 28 tablets in the package, of which 24 are basic and 4 additional (vitamin). Jess contains a low content of hormones, which is its undeniable advantage among analogues, it suppresses ovulation and increases the level of cervical substance. Jess stabilizes a woman’s cycle, reduces the pain that some experience before and during menstruation. Changes in hormonal levels have a good effect on appearance, weight loss is possible.
It should be noted that these pills should be prescribed by a doctor after examination and testing, if a woman chooses them on her own, she runs the risk of experiencing a number of negative symptoms, such as headache, nausea, mood swings, cycle disturbance, and so on.
According to the reviews of doctors and girls who use them, the drug is trustworthy.
Diana 35 tablets
The active components of the drug are ethinylestradiol and cyproterone acetate, as well as a number of additional components. Diane-35 is produced in the form of a dragee in a calendar package of 21 pieces. Taking pills begins on the first day of menstruation. This drug has a combined effect — contraceptive, antiandrogenic, estrogenic and progestogen. The effect is due to the viscosity of the cervical mucus, which makes it difficult for sperm to pass into the uterus. Diane-35 reduces androgenization in women, as a result of which a cosmetic effect is observed, appearance improves (skin, hair, weight). Like other similar drugs, it normalizes the menstrual cycle.
These pills have a fairly large list of contraindications, so you definitely need to take tests and come to an appointment with a gynecologist. Of the side effects, there may be pain in the mammary glands, weight changes, changes in libido, bleeding between periods, severe headaches, unstable mood, and so on.
Combined contraceptive drug from the Dutch company Organon. Approved for use by women over 35 years of age, as it contains a reduced amount of active ingredients. In addition to the contraceptive effect, it normalizes the volume of secretions and eliminates pain during menstruation. It can be used as a means of emergency contraception, but not more than 1 time in 6 months. The effectiveness of Marvelon as a postcoital agent does not exceed 80%.
According to women who took Marvelon, the drug has a negative effect on the ability to get pregnant if it has been used for many years, so it is recommended to drink these pills in courses. Given the increased risk of thrombosis, it is recommended to be examined by a hematologist, hepatologist and vascular surgeon before taking the drug.
The best birth control candles
The main component of the drug is benzalkonium chloride. This drug has been used in medicine since 1935. It has not only a contraceptive effect, but also antiviral (protects against infection with herpes simplex viruses), antifungal and antiprotozoal. The substance has an instant effect on the sperm: its shell is completely destroyed within 10 seconds after contact with benzalkonium chloride. The rest of the drugs in this group require at least 30 seconds. Due to irritation of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix, the drug is able to increase the amount of secreted mucus, which has an additional contraceptive effect.
A new non-hormonal drug for contraception of the latest generation. It has a similar effect with other vaginal suppositories, it is used before sexual intercourse and with each subsequent one. Suitable as a method of periodic contraception, it is inexpensive.
Before using Nonoxynol, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist. It is necessary to exclude the presence of diseases such as cervical erosion, in this case, the use of suppositories is contraindicated. Side effects of Nonoxynol can be itching, dermatitis, burning of the mucous membranes. The use of suppositories can be combined with a condom.
Vaginal suppositories that have a contraceptive, antiseptic, antifungal and antiprotozoal effect. Benatex damages the membranes of spermatozoa, so the fertilization of the egg becomes impossible. Effective in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. It does not have a pronounced effect on the microflora of the vagina and the hormonal cycle. A relatively cheap drug, while safe and easy to use. Benatex has good ratings and many positive reviews from women who have used it.
Suppositories need to be administered each time before sexual intercourse, which can be uncomfortable for partners. Of the contraindications — a special sensitivity to the drug, allergies, colpitis, irritation of the uterine mucosa.
The best intrauterine contraceptive coils
The hormonal spiral combines a therapeutic and contraceptive effect. The hormone levonorgestrel is released into the uterus, helps with endometriosis and fibroids, reduces pain. Improves the condition of the endometrium during menopause and prevents its development. With the local administration of the hormone, there is no need to take it orally, this reduces the likelihood of side effects.
It is set for 5 years, before that it is necessary to pass all the tests. Side effects are in the form of discharge, bleeding, nausea, pain in the lower abdomen, mood swings, decreased libido and others. Mirena should be chosen only if, in addition to contraception, you need to solve health problems.
Juno Juno T Au
Juno Juno T Au spiral
The Juno T Au intrauterine device is a means of intrauterine contraception that reduces the likelihood of an unwanted conception. The coil is made of pure copper and gold, making it durable. It has a T‑shape, its basis is a plastic anchor. Recommended for women who need long-term protection against unwanted pregnancies. Contraindicated in pregnancy and malignant diseases of the genital organs. Valid for at least seven years.
According to many women, the main advantages of this type of contraception are affordable price and long term use.
Nova T spiral
Another popular intrauterine device. They come in four shapes — round, oval, t‑shaped and umbrella-shaped. In addition, there are three varieties:
From medical plastic;
With gold/silver/copper content;
With the content of certain hormones that still treat a certain disease.
Nova T has a T‑shape and contains copper and silver. Copper oxidizes the microflora of the vagina, preventing sperm from entering the uterus, and silver has an antibacterial effect.
The spiral is not recommended for a young girl, it is better to use it for women aged 40–45 who have already given birth and do not plan to have children.