Sleep disorders and chronic pain: when to see a doctor, how to change sleep habits?

By Yraa #accurate, #accurately, #achieve, #activates, #activity, #add, #afternoon, #air, #alarm, #alcohol, #alcoholic, #already, #analyze, #any, #apnea, #appointment, #ask, #asleep, #associated, #avoid, #avoiding, #awakening, #bad, #become, #bed, #bedtime, #begin, #being, #believed, #beneficial, #between, #beverages, #blood, #bodies, #Body, #bone, #bright, #broken, #building, #burning, #caffeine, #calm, #cardiovascular, #cardiovascular disease, #carried, #cases, #cause, #caused, #causes, #causing, #cell, #center, #chronic, #cognitive, #collected, #complex, #computer, #consumption, #Control, #cool, #create, #creating, #days, #daytime, #deep, #deeply, #determine, #development, #devices, #diabetes, #diagnosis, #difficulty, #digestive, #discomfort, #disease, #diseases, #disorder, #disorders, #disturbances, #doctor,, #down, #drinking, #drowsiness, #due, #duration, #effectiveness, #electronic, #eliminating, #enters, #even, #every, #examination, #example, #experiences, #fall, #falling, #fatigue, #find, #fire, #five, #foods, #formation, #fresh, #full, #future, #general, #getting, #going, #Good, #habit, #habits, #harder, #he, #health, #heart, #help, #hour, #hygiene, #identify, #importance, #impossible, #improve, #improves, #include, #includes, #increased, #insomnia, #intensity, #involve, #journal, #keep, #kidneys, #lack, #least, #leg, #legs, #limit, #limiting, #lives, #location, #long, #longer, #lying, #making, #may, #medication, #medications, #mental, #methods, #minutes, #mood, #move, #musculoskeletal, #must, #needed, #new, #night, #normal, #normalize, #normally, #observe, #occur, #occurs, #open, #our, #overall, #overload, #pathologies, #patients, #people, #physical, #physical activity, #points, #poor, #population, #positive, #problems, #properly, #provide, #provides, #published, #quality, #range, #rather, #recommend, #Reduce, #regimen, #removing, #required, #research, #researchers, #respiratory, #rest, #restless, #results, #returning, #risk, #room, #rule, #salty, #see, #sensations, #serious, #Severe, #show, #shows, #signal, #signals, #six, #sleep, #Sleeping, #some, #stable, #stop, #strength, #strong, #studies, #study, #suffer, #suffering, #symptoms, #systems, #t, #techniques, #term, #tests, #therapy, #therefore, #third, #three, #tips, #tired, #treat, #treatment, #treatments, #try, #two, #upper, #using, #variety, #various, #waking, #walks, #way, #week, #whether, #while, #who, #will, #worse, #year

For patients who suf­fer from chron­ic pain and do not get good, sta­ble rest, it is com­mon­ly believed that their phys­i­cal dis­com­fort inter­feres with sleep pat­terns. A new study pub­lished in Novem­ber in the jour­nal BMC Mus­cu­loskele­tal Dis­or­ders sug­gests that the link between sleep dis­tur­bances and chron­ic pain is more com­plex. These find­ings add to a num­ber of stud­ies that sug­gest that poor sleep is linked to a range of health prob­lems, includ­ing an increased risk of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease, dia­betes, cog­ni­tive prob­lems, mood dis­or­ders, and even can­cer. There­fore, it is impor­tant to make an appoint­ment with a doc­tor and exam­i­na­tion, a full treat­ment of pain and sleep dis­or­ders.

Insomnia and chronic pain

A recent study shows that a vari­ety of sleep prob­lems — includ­ing dif­fi­cul­ty falling asleep and sleep­ing deeply, ear­ly awak­en­ing, lack of restora­tive sleep need­ed to rest the body, and fatigue — are impor­tant pre­dic­tors of the future devel­op­ment of chron­ic pain. The researchers col­lect­ed data from 1,249 Swedish peo­ple to ana­lyze five-year results and 791 Swedes to eval­u­ate results over 18 years of their lives. The study sug­gests that the link between fatigue and chron­ic body pain is due to the for­ma­tion of pain points (points) and pos­si­bly dys­reg­u­la­tion of pain sys­tems, rather than men­tal health prob­lems or sleep dis­or­ders. The study high­lights the impor­tance of prop­er­ly assess­ing sleep if a patient already has chron­ic pain of any loca­tion. If a per­son does not sleep well, he per­ceives pain more acute­ly, anal­gesics and oth­er meth­ods of treat­ment work worse.

The problem of a good night’s rest and perception of pain

The problem of a good night's rest and perception of pain

There are tens of thou­sands of reg­u­la­tors in the body that deter­mine pain and its strength, dura­tion and inten­si­ty. Our bod­ies can fil­ter expe­ri­ences and sen­sa­tions, includ­ing pain. If, for exam­ple, a bone in a leg is bro­ken, but a fire alarm occurs, a per­son will find a way to get out of a burn­ing build­ing by tem­porar­i­ly sup­press­ing pain sig­nals. The body fil­ters every sig­nal that enters the brain, whether it is a sig­nal of pain or a sig­nal of plea­sure. Get­ting a good night’s sleep and qual­i­ty rest for the body improves fil­ter per­for­mance. A new study high­lights how poor sleep is asso­ci­at­ed with fatigue and more severe chron­ic pain. Patients suf­fer­ing from chron­ic pain should be exam­ined by a doc­tor and iden­ti­fy sleep dis­or­ders, nor­mal­ize their night­ly rest in order to improve the effec­tive­ness of pain man­age­ment.

Causes of sleep disorders: pathologies, diseases, disorders

Poor sleep can be caused by a num­ber of dis­or­ders, includ­ing:

    Somatic diseases (cardiac, respiratory, digestive).
    The development of sleep apnea, which occurs when the upper airways are repeatedly blocked during sleep.
    Insomnia, in which people have trouble falling asleep, often waking up without returning to normal sleep, causing symptoms such as fatigue, mood problems, and drowsiness.
    Restless legs syndrome, a sleep disorder that causes a strong, often overwhelming urge to move the legs during rest, such as while lying in bed.

Good sleep is cru­cial for over­all health, pre­ven­tion of seri­ous dis­eases, includ­ing car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. For the pre­ven­tion of dis­eases and good rest, it is impor­tant to observe the reg­i­men and hygiene of sleep. To begin with, you need to refrain from view­ing any bright screens, at least an hour before bed­time. This means that the patient must stop watch­ing TV and using their cell phone or com­put­er at least 60 min­utes before going to bed. These devices cre­ate a glow that acti­vates the brain rather than calm­ing it down so the per­son can fall asleep. Also, avoid caf­feine in the after­noon and try to exer­cise at least six days a week for at least 30 min­utes a day. It is also impor­tant to reduce the con­sump­tion of exces­sive­ly salty foods, which can cause thirst, increase blood pres­sure, which pro­vokes vas­cu­lar dis­ease and heart over­load with the kid­neys. Lim­it­ing or avoid­ing alco­holic bev­er­ages is also ben­e­fi­cial. Drink­ing alco­hol can help you fall asleep, but it can make it hard­er to achieve deep, restora­tive sleep.

Doctor appointment and examination

Doctor appointment and examination

If sleep prob­lems have become per­sis­tent, an appoint­ment with a neu­rol­o­gist or gen­er­al prac­ti­tion­er is impor­tant. Your health­care provider can help you iden­ti­fy sleep prob­lems, sug­gest med­ica­tions, or sug­gest cog­ni­tive ther­a­py. If these strate­gies don’t work, your doc­tor may rec­om­mend mak­ing an appoint­ment with your doc­tor at a sleep cen­ter to rule out sleep apnea and oth­er sleep dis­or­ders. At the Sleep Cen­ter, physi­cians who study and treat com­plex sleep dis­or­ders can pro­vide accu­rate diag­no­sis and treat­ment strate­gies.

An appoint­ment with a doc­tor of a spe­cial­ized cen­ter is need­ed in order to accu­rate­ly study all kinds of health prob­lems that make it impos­si­ble to sleep and rest nor­mal­ly dur­ing the night. For exam­ple, if the prob­lem is relat­ed to the air­ways, treat­ment may involve wear­ing a mask that chan­nels air. In some cas­es, surgery may be required to open the upper air­ways. Dur­ing the exam­i­na­tion, while var­i­ous tests and ana­lyzes are being car­ried out, the doc­tor may ask the patient to keep a sleep jour­nal, not­ing any prob­lems that occur dur­ing the night or when falling asleep.

How to help with sleep disorders?

Many peo­ple in our coun­try are deprived of qual­i­ty sleep. Stud­ies show that about a third of the pop­u­la­tion of the coun­try suf­fer from insom­nia at some time in their lives. What’s more, 10% of the pop­u­la­tion has chron­ic insom­nia that lasts three months or longer. Research shows that cog­ni­tive behav­ioral ther­a­py for insom­nia pro­vides bet­ter long-term results than oth­er treat­ments, even med­ica­tions. Habit con­trol tech­niques include cre­at­ing pos­i­tive bed-to-good-sleep asso­ci­a­tions and elim­i­nat­ing bad habits such as using elec­tron­ic devices before bed.

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It is also nec­es­sary to lim­it day­time sleep so that the patient is tired by night, walks, fresh air and phys­i­cal activ­i­ty as pre-sleep rit­u­als. Cog­ni­tive Behav­ioral Ther­a­py also includes tips to help you sleep bet­ter, ways to calm down an hour or two before bed­time, mak­ing the room qui­et and cool, and remov­ing all irri­tants from it. If these treat­ments don’t work, your doc­tor may pre­scribe med­ica­tion.

By Yraa

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