Sleep disorders: causes of lack of sleep and insomnia, treatment

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Sleep is an impor­tant part of our lives. In the absence of the nec­es­sary night’s rest, we can feel tired in the morn­ing, sleepy all day and lack ener­gy for work and dai­ly activ­i­ties. Cur­rent­ly, not only the elder­ly suf­fer from insom­nia and sleep dis­or­ders. A large num­ber of young and active peo­ple also faced this prob­lem. To help them­selves, a per­son resorts to the use of seda­tives or sleep­ing pills. But their action is not always effec­tive, since it is nec­es­sary to act not on the symp­tom of the vio­la­tion, but on its cause. Seda­tives stop their effect after the per­son stops resort­ing to them, which again pro­vokes sleep dis­tur­bance. There­fore, it is worth delv­ing into the study of the caus­es of insom­nia in order to help your­self restore healthy sleep and improve well-being.

Psychological health and sleep pathologies

Psychological health and sleep pathologies

The first and most com­mon rea­son that can cause sleep dis­tur­bances in most peo­ple of all ages is psy­cho­log­i­cal. Stress and strong feel­ings pro­voke the appear­ance of insom­nia. In anoth­er way, this con­di­tion is called insom­nia. It man­i­fests itself in the fact that a per­son can­not fall asleep for sev­er­al nights in a row or has dif­fi­cul­ty falling asleep for a long time. The nature of the man­i­fes­ta­tions of insom­nia can be quite long-term — last­ing up to sev­er­al months. One can imag­ine the con­se­quences that a per­son has to face in a sit­u­a­tion of sleep dis­or­ders — this is lethar­gy, poor health, dizzi­ness, bad mood and lack of activ­i­ty.

Anoth­er type of insom­nia is called hyper­som­nia. It man­i­fests itself in the fact that a per­son feels the need for a very long night’s sleep and feels very sleepy dur­ing the day.

In both cas­es, the man­i­fes­ta­tion of insom­nia is caused by severe psy­cho­log­i­cal stress, emo­tion­al expe­ri­ences that dis­turb the per­son, or depres­sion.

Our phys­i­o­log­i­cal man­i­fes­ta­tions are strong­ly asso­ci­at­ed with con­scious­ness — fears, anx­i­eties, doubts and oth­er life expe­ri­ences that can lead to sleep dis­tur­bances. Faced with one of these man­i­fes­ta­tions, it is worth seek­ing help from a psy­chol­o­gist or psy­chother­a­pist. Doc­tors do not advise try­ing to help your­self on your own or with the help of seda­tives — sleep dis­tur­bances can be caused by psy­cho­so­mat­ic dis­or­ders or old trau­mas. The spe­cial­ist will help to improve the emo­tion­al state, resolv­ing the prob­lems that dis­turb the per­son.

Human sleep and the causes of its violation

The caus­es of insom­nia can be caused by a vari­ety of dis­eases. Their range is quite wide. Among them are dis­or­ders in the work of car­diac and renal activ­i­ty, arthri­tis, pres­sure, itch­ing, asth­ma, col­ic, rest­less legs syn­drome. There­fore, it is worth aban­don­ing self-treat­ment and under­go­ing a full exam­i­na­tion by spe­cial­ists. Ignor­ing the dan­ger­ous symp­toms of insom­nia can pro­voke fur­ther devel­op­ment of a health dis­or­der. In this case, you may need the help of a car­di­ol­o­gist, endocri­nol­o­gist, psy­chol­o­gist.

Human sleep and its dis­tur­bance depend on too much phys­i­cal stress or men­tal fatigue, caf­feine, alco­hol, fat­ty and junk food.

Healthy sleep and well-being dur­ing the day depend on the full-fledged work of all inter­nal organs and sys­tems. Fol­low­ing the advice of doc­tors, you should seri­ous­ly take care of your health and not take it light­ly: recon­sid­er the habits that destroy the body and ner­vous sys­tem.

How to get healthy sleep back

How to get healthy sleep back

Turn­ing to a doc­tor for help, every­one has the oppor­tu­ni­ty to get help in the form of mas­sage, var­i­ous baths, elec­trophore­sis, elec­trosleep and oth­er use­ful pro­ce­dures that ensure a healthy sleep of a per­son.

Most often, for the pre­ven­tion of insom­nia and the treat­ment of its dis­or­ders, a com­plex treat­ment of the phys­i­o­log­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal state of a per­son is pre­scribed. That is, along with the pro­ce­dures, seda­tives of a seda­tive or nootrop­ic con­tent are pre­scribed, which help to improve the func­tion­ing of the brain.

Tips before bed

Human sleep large­ly depends on lifestyle. You should estab­lish a dai­ly rou­tine and nutri­tion, make it right in order to ensure your health and well-being. Doc­tors rec­om­mend going to bed on time, not depriv­ing your­self of the most valu­able hours of night rest — this is the time between 22.00 and 24.00 hours. You should also avoid overeat­ing before bed and eat­ing fat­ty, salty, fried foods, con­ve­nience foods and fast food. Nutri­tion­ists advise accus­tom­ing your­self to a light din­ner — it can be a sal­ad, a glass of kefir, veg­eta­bles, fruits. Along with this, do not for­get about the ben­e­fits of vit­a­mins and strength­en the immune sys­tem.

The habit of walk­ing in the fresh air is very use­ful, it is espe­cial­ly use­ful to do this before going to bed.

Phys­i­cal exer­cise helps to nor­mal­ize health, but for sound sleep it will be bet­ter if such activ­i­ty stops about 3 hours before a per­son goes to bed. Thus, it will be pos­si­ble to avoid excite­ment, which can inter­fere with sleep.

Prevention of insomnia

Prevention of insomnia

A per­son­’s sleep, in addi­tion to the pres­ence of var­i­ous kinds of dis­eases, depends on his emo­tion­al state and activ­i­ty. < In order to sleep sound­ly all night with a deep, sweet sleep, it is impor­tant to fol­low some rec­om­men­da­tions. It is worth avoid­ing too active and noisy activ­i­ties before bed­time. It is impor­tant to stop watch­ing vio­lent or cat­a­stroph­ic TV shows. When read­ing before going to bed, it is bet­ter to give pref­er­ence to light pos­i­tive lit­er­a­ture with­out oppres­sion and pres­sure on the psy­che.

Take a sooth­ing bath in the evening with foam and aro­mat­ic oils — laven­der, jas­mine, ylang-ylang.

Prop­er dai­ly rou­tine brings great health ben­e­fits. In addi­tion, the bed is of con­sid­er­able impor­tance — it should not only be com­fort­able, but also pro­vide aes­thet­ic plea­sure.

Leave the anx­i­eties of the day in the past so that noth­ing can dis­turb your sleep. Psy­chol­o­gists advise, before falling asleep, to make a promise to your­self not to scroll through the neg­a­tive events of the past day in your head and try not to think about any­thing. Med­i­ta­tive tech­niques have a good effect on healthy sleep — before falling asleep, you can lis­ten to sooth­ing music, thus relax­ing your mind.

Neu­rol­o­gy. Nation­al lead­er­ship. / Ed. E.I. Guse­va, A.N. Kono­val­o­va, A.B. Hecht - 2014

By Yraa

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