Sleep disorders: impact on memory, quality of rest

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Today, many peo­ple are active­ly work­ing, con­stant­ly on the move, and even in the evenings they can­not do with­out var­i­ous gad­gets and devices. As a result, this does not allow them to get the qual­i­ty sleep that many peo­ple need for prop­er rest and main­te­nance of work­ing capac­i­ty. Accord­ing to sur­veys, up to a third of the adult pop­u­la­tion sleeps less than 7 hours a day and com­plains of mem­o­ry, con­cen­tra­tion and atten­tion dis­or­ders due to sleep prob­lems and busy sched­ules. Often, sleep prob­lems are asso­ci­at­ed with an imbal­ance of hor­mones, in par­tic­u­lar mela­tonin, which helps in the nor­mal­iza­tion of cir­ca­di­an rhythms. Today, there are many meth­ods to improve sleep, includ­ing med­ica­tion. But are mela­tonin prepa­ra­tions safe, how to improve mem­o­ry and per­for­mance?

The role of healthy sleep

The role of healthy sleep

Dark cir­cles and uncon­trol­lable yawn­ing are not the only side effects of lack of sleep. There is a grow­ing body of research point­ing to the link between sleep dura­tion and men­tal and phys­i­cal health. The impor­tance of the phys­i­o­log­i­cal dura­tion of a night’s rest is empha­sized to ensure max­i­mum phys­i­cal and men­tal per­for­mance, con­cen­tra­tion, good mem­o­ry and atten­tion. In addi­tion, accord­ing to a recent study pub­lished by the non-prof­it research orga­ni­za­tion RAND, sleep­less nights not only lead to a host of health prob­lems, they can also lead to a 10 per­cent increase in mor­tal­i­ty. Good sleep is espe­cial­ly impor­tant for peo­ple engaged in poten­tial­ly haz­ardous activ­i­ties and work relat­ed to the con­cen­tra­tion of atten­tion (doc­tors, dri­vers, teach­ers, design­ers, builders).

What do you need for a good rest?

To make the most of a night’s sleep, it’s help­ful to first iden­ti­fy the cause of your sleep dis­tur­bance. Many fac­tors can con­tribute to tem­po­rary dis­or­ders, includ­ing age. The amount of mela­tonin that the body nat­u­ral­ly pro­duces begins to decrease as we get old­er. This usu­al­ly starts as ear­ly as age 20, but pro­duc­tion lev­els drop even faster as age approach­es 60. Exter­nal fac­tors can also affect the qual­i­ty of sleep and rest. Stress, alco­hol, med­ica­tions, noise and light have been found to con­tribute to insom­nia. Research pre­sent­ed at the SLEEP 2018 con­fer­ence (annu­al clin­i­cal sci­en­tif­ic meet­ing) con­tin­ues to high­light the dan­gers asso­ci­at­ed with a lack of night­ly rest, which leads to numer­ous health prob­lems.

In order to make the night’s rest longer and bet­ter, it is becom­ing more and more com­mon to use aids. Before try­ing stronger med­ica­tions, doc­tors rec­om­mend try­ing mela­tonin sup­ple­ments, which mim­ic the nat­ur­al pat­tern of sleep.

Will medication help you sleep better?

For those who are try­ing to fall asleep and ful­ly rest, con­ven­tion­al med­ica­tions and non-phar­ma­co­log­i­cal meth­ods to improve falling asleep and length­en sleep time can have dif­fer­ent effects. In addi­tion, side effects devel­op, which include dif­fi­cul­ty wak­ing up in the morn­ing, some drugs have an addic­tive effect, and depen­dence on med­ica­tions is formed.

Today, nat­ur­al aux­il­iary prepa­ra­tions are active­ly used, includ­ing med­i­cines with mela­tonin. They have become pop­u­lar with peo­ple whose sleep is dis­turbed. Mela­tonin is the body’s own nat­ur­al hor­mone pro­duced by the pineal gland (pineal gland). How­ev­er, not all mela­tonin sup­ple­ments are the same. Drugs can deliv­er a high dose of the hor­mone to the body at once, which then quick­ly ceas­es to act. A recent study pre­sent­ed in June as part of SLEEP 2018 reports a new mela­tonin deliv­ery tech­nol­o­gy that ensures con­tin­u­ous release and absorp­tion of mela­tonin. This can help patients achieve opti­mal sleep lev­els.

Role of hormones and mechanism of action

Most med­ica­tions con­tain­ing the hor­mone mela­tonin release it imme­di­ate­ly to help the patient fall asleep. At the same time, hor­mones are need­ed by the body for a long time in order to sleep for the rec­om­mend­ed 8 hours need­ed every night.

Due to dis­ap­point­ment in the effect and sleep­less nights report­ed by patients using prod­ucts based on sub­stances such as hor­mones, a need for a con­tin­u­ous mela­tonin deliv­ery sys­tem arose. She must ensure that it is deliv­ered in a way that match­es the pro­duc­tion of hor­mones in accor­dance with their nat­ur­al rhythms that induce sleep.

Mela­tonin sup­ple­ments are seen as an effec­tive way to improve sleep qual­i­ty with­out any harm­ful side effects, risk of addic­tion, or with­draw­al symp­toms. They are designed to reg­u­late the body’s cir­ca­di­an rhythm, which con­trols sleep and wake cycles. Con­ven­tion­al mela­tonin sup­ple­ments are pri­mar­i­ly used to treat reac­tive insom­nia and shift work-relat­ed prob­lems.

If there are violations of memory and attention: help in sleep

If there are violations of memory and attention: help in sleep

Research is also under­way to improve mem­o­ry, espe­cial­ly in peo­ple who expe­ri­ence high loads or have health prob­lems that affect the func­tion­ing of the brain. Sci­en­tists from New Mex­i­co applied the tech­nique of tran­scra­nial brain stim­u­la­tion dur­ing sleep with alter­nat­ing cur­rent, cor­re­spond­ing to the phase of sleep and the fre­quen­cy of wave oscil­la­tions. The effect of such stim­u­la­tion on mem­o­ry in a healthy organ­ism and in peo­ple with patholo­gies was stud­ied. Today it is known that the process of mem­o­ry is the trans­fer of infor­ma­tion from the hip­pocam­pus to the cere­bral cor­tex, which is active­ly work­ing, syn­chro­niz­ing infor­ma­tion dur­ing sleep. Due to non-inva­sive stim­u­la­tion, data trans­mis­sion and sys­tem­ati­za­tion is improved, which allows you to show high­er test results in sub­se­quent days. This tech­nique will improve mem­o­ry not only in healthy peo­ple, but also in those who have cer­tain brain patholo­gies. At the same time, such incen­tives do not affect the quan­ti­ty and qual­i­ty of sleep. Per­haps in the future, these meth­ods, along with tra­di­tion­al ones, will be includ­ed in the treat­ment reg­i­mens for patients, but today they do not go beyond the scope of exper­i­men­tal projects.

By Yraa

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