Sleep disturbance reduces the quality of human life

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Almost every­one expe­ri­ences sleep dis­or­ders in one way or anoth­er. This may be due to a stress­ful sit­u­a­tion or psy­cho-emo­tion­al over­load, with dis­eases of the ner­vous sys­tem and men­tal dis­or­ders. The con­se­quences of poor sleep neg­a­tive­ly affect both the sub­se­quent dai­ly activ­i­ty of a per­son and his health. The Healthy­in­fo por­tal will tell you about the effect of insom­nia on the heart and intro­duce you to the most pop­u­lar cures for it.

Poor sleep impairs quality of life

Sleep is, on the one hand, a spe­cial form of men­tal activ­i­ty, on the oth­er hand, a func­tion of the cen­tral ner­vous sys­tem. Some­times the impor­tance of prop­er and healthy sleep is under­es­ti­mat­ed by a per­son. How­ev­er, when faced with insom­nia or a poor qual­i­ty night’s rest, the opin­ion changes in the oppo­site direc­tion, as this leads to day­time fatigue and sleepi­ness, bad mood, reduced con­cen­tra­tion and per­for­mance, increased risk of occu­pa­tion­al injuries and dri­ving errors. Lack of sleep leads to var­i­ous func­tion­al dis­or­ders in the body — the occur­rence of headaches, dis­or­ders of the ner­vous sys­tem and func­tions of the gas­troin­testi­nal tract, to the occur­rence and devel­op­ment of heart dis­ease.

Types of sleep disorders

Types of sleep disorders

The most com­mon type of sleep dis­or­der is insom­nia (insom­nia), which leads to a dete­ri­o­ra­tion in the qual­i­ty of sleep (ini­ti­a­tion, main­te­nance, awak­en­ing, dura­tion), despite the cre­ation of good con­di­tions and suf­fi­cient time. Insom­nia is char­ac­ter­ized by a decrease in the men­tal and phys­i­cal activ­i­ty of a per­son dur­ing the day­time, and is caused by an increase in the sym­pa­thet­ic activ­i­ty of the ner­vous sys­tem, the lev­el of cor­ti­sol and adreno­cor­ti­cotrop­ic hor­mone in the blood. There are two types of rea­sons for these changes:

    emotional and cognitive factors (inability to postpone daytime worries, relax, anxiety about possible insomnia, anxiety about the coming day, etc.);
    biological breakdowns in metabolic processes (violation of the daily secretion of melatonin or the exchange of monoamines).

Women suf­fer from insom­nia 1.5 times more often than men, old­er peo­ple over 75 years old — 2 times more often than mid­dle-aged peo­ple.

The first fac­tor leads to the onset of adap­tive insom­nia, which devel­ops against the back­ground of a change in the envi­ron­ment, quar­rels, dif­fi­cul­ties, prob­lems, con­flict, in gen­er­al, acute stress. Insom­nia ends spon­ta­neous­ly, after the end of stress­ful con­di­tions. Usu­al­ly, in this case, over-the-counter anti-anx­i­ety med­ica­tions are used with­out con­sult­ing a doc­tor. There are also the fol­low­ing types of sleep dis­or­ders:

    psychophysiological insomnia, when the fear of not getting enough sleep prevails. A person tries with all his might to force himself to sleep, which leads to the exact opposite result.
    Sleep apnea due to poor sleep hygiene occurs mainly in the elderly and adolescents. The first “sin” with daytime sleep, taking it away from the night. The latter show evening hyperactivity, pushing back the time to fall asleep. This form of insomnia in any person can be caused by prolonged computer games, watching aggressive and exciting TV programs at night, stuffy rooms, and telephone conversations.
    insomnia in diseases of the internal organs and the nervous system, which occurs against the background of the course of cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
    secondary insomnia caused by taking sleeping pills and other drugs. This is a form of drug dependence and addiction. This group also includes sleep disorders in alcoholism. An attempt to replace or withdraw from the use of the drug, to which a steady craving has appeared, leads to the development of a withdrawal syndrome with all the ensuing negative consequences — increased insomnia, anxiety, irritability of the heartbeat, sweating, etc.

Sleep and heart

Numer­ous spe­cial stud­ies have shown that a large pro­por­tion of heart dis­eases (angi­na pec­toris, arrhyth­mia, hyper­ten­sion, heart attack) are caused and pro­ceed with sleep dis­or­ders. And if a car­diac attack occurs at night, then the course of the dis­ease is more severe and has an unfa­vor­able prog­no­sis. In such patients, insom­nia is fixed either in the ear­ly morn­ing hours, or there is a prob­lem falling asleep. In the first case, a per­son wakes up much ear­li­er than expect­ed, expe­ri­enc­ing a feel­ing of fatigue and lack of sleep. And often the patient begins to adjust his dai­ly rou­tine to the prob­lem of ear­ly awak­en­ing. In the sec­ond case, there are dif­fi­cul­ties with going to sleep, accom­pa­nied by fre­quent noc­tur­nal awak­en­ings, often accom­pa­nied by night­mares. The sit­u­a­tion is fur­ther com­pli­cat­ed by the fears of patients about the course of their car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease, fears of the devel­op­ment of seizures at night, which increase anx­i­ety and pre­vent the body from get­ting enough sleep. It turns out a vicious cir­cle: poor sleep leads to heart dis­ease, and car­diac dis­or­ders, in turn, con­tribute to a change in the bio­log­i­cal clock (cir­ca­di­an rhythms) of a per­son, in par­tic­u­lar, the devel­op­ment of insom­nia. The heart needs a night’s rest and respite, so sleep­ing pills are nec­es­sar­i­ly includ­ed in the treat­ment reg­i­men for car­diac dis­eases.

sleeping pills

sleeping pills

Insom­nia med­ica­tions can be chem­i­cal-based (pre­scribed only by a doc­tor) and over-the-counter drugs based on syn­thet­ic or herbal raw mate­ri­als. The lat­ter are dis­tin­guished by the absence of the effect of depen­dence and addic­tion. These include Melax­en, Donormil, Val­o­cordin-Doxy­lamine (Val­o­cordin, Cor­val­ol), Afobazole, glycine, as well as herbal tinc­tures from one com­po­nent (valer­ian, moth­er­wort, hawthorn, peony) or prod­ucts that include sev­er­al sim­i­lar plants (Novo-Pas­sit , Persen-forte, seda­tive fees).

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If the stress is pro­longed, and over-the-counter med­ica­tions do not nor­mal­ize the mode of night rest, as well as in the pres­ence of chron­ic dis­eases, you should con­sult a doc­tor. In this case, both non-selec­tive ben­zo­di­azepine hyp­not­ic drugs of the old gen­er­a­tion (phenazepam, diazepam, alpra­zo­lam) and mod­ern non-ben­zo­di­azepine drugs (zopi­clone, zolpi­dem, zale­plon) are pre­scribed. If insom­nia is caused by depres­sion, then the use of anti­de­pres­sants is indi­cat­ed in ther­a­py.

By Yraa

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