Snoring in adults and children: causes, dangers of sleep apnea, treatment

By Yraa #abuse, #accompanied, #achieved, #activated, #adhere, #adipose, #affected, #affects, #age, #air, #alcohol, #alcoholic, #allow, #Anti, #apnea, #appears, #attacks, #baby, #bad, #balance, #bars, #becomes, #bed, #begins, #between, #beverages, #blades, #blood, #Body, #bone, #bones, #both, #breathing, #called, #capacity, #cause, #caused, #causes, #characteristic, #characterized, #child, #children, #chronic, #circulation, #clean, #clearly, #cold, #colds, #common, #completely, #condition, #connected, #consequences, #constant, #constantly, #consult, #decide, #decrease, #decreased, #decreases, #deposited, #deposits, #deterioration, #development, #develops, #devices, #diabetes, #different, #difficulty, #disease, #diseases, #done, #dream, #drink, #elasticity, #eliminate, #ensure, #enters, #entire, #evenly, #everything, #expand, #Face, #facilitate, #factors, #failure, #fat, #fatigue, #feeling, #few, #flow, #follow, #formed, #fully, #functional, #future, #gain, #general, #getting, #gives, #gland, #goes, #growing, #Growth, #habit, #head, #Healthy, #heart, #help, #his, #hormonal, #human, #hypertension, #improve, #impulse, #increased, #increases, #inflammation, #insufficient, #intake, #internal, #keep, #know, #laser, #lead, #leads, #least, #legs, #levels, #likelihood, #likely, #located, #long, #look, #lot, #lower, #lungs, #lymphatic, #makes, #manifestations, #may, #medications, #medicines, #membranes, #Men, #monitor, #mouth, #movement, #much, #muscle, #muscles, #must, #national, #Neck, #negatively, #normal, #obesity, #observe, #open, #operation, #organism, #organs, #overall, #oxygen, #people, #phenomenon, #pillow, #pillows, #presence, #press, #prevent, #prevents, #primary, #process, #proven, #provoke, #put, #quality, #quickly, #quit, #really, #reasons, #Reduce, #relaxation, #relaxed, #removal, #repeated, #required, #respiratory, #restore, #result, #rid, #rises, #risk, #salt, #scientists, #seconds, #sedatives, #sense, #separately, #serious, #Severe, #shoulder, #side, #situation, #sleep, #Sleeping, #small, #smell, #smoking, #snoring, #special, #specialist, #specific, #stops, #strips, #structure, #swelling, #symptoms, #systems, #t, #take, #talk, #term, #terrible, #testosterone, #therapy, #think, #thus, #thyroid, #tissue, #tone, #too, #tract, #treated, #treatment, #turn, #under, #understand, #uneven, #universal, #used, #various, #Water, #weakness, #weight, #where, #will, #Women, #working, #worth

Many peo­ple think that there is no need to look for the caus­es of snor­ing, because this is a nor­mal phe­nom­e­non for most peo­ple. Mean­while, this is a dan­ger­ous dis­ease in which air enters the lungs with dif­fi­cul­ty and wors­ens the qual­i­ty of life.

And if breath­ing com­plete­ly stops for at least a few sec­onds, we can talk about obstruc­tive sleep apnea. It affects the dete­ri­o­ra­tion of blood cir­cu­la­tion, increas­es the like­li­hood of heart attacks and strokes. Also, because of this, work­ing capac­i­ty decreas­es, a feel­ing of weak­ness appears, and fatigue increas­es.

Sep­a­rate­ly, it is worth men­tion­ing snor­ing in a child. It neg­a­tive­ly affects the entire devel­op­ment of a grow­ing organ­ism — all inter­nal organs and the brain are sub­ject­ed to oxy­gen star­va­tion, then the gen­er­al con­di­tion and sleep wors­en, hyper­ac­tiv­i­ty devel­ops, school per­for­mance decreas­es and over­all devel­op­ment is delayed.

Causes of snoring

To under­stand the caus­es of snor­ing, you need to know that dur­ing healthy sleep, the tongue and palate keep the air­ways open. When they relax too much, the gap between them becomes too small for nor­mal air intake. Then, dur­ing inspi­ra­tion, the phar­ynx vibrates and gives a char­ac­ter­is­tic noise.

Snoring in adults

Snoring in adults

Both anatom­i­cal and func­tion­al fea­tures can cause snor­ing in adults. Among the most com­mon are:

    Deviation of the nasal septum. There may be various reasons for this — uneven growth of bone tissue and cartilage, or trauma;
    Polyps in the nose. The following symptoms testify to the presence of benign formations: congestion, decreased sense of smell, various discharges;
    Enlargement of the tonsils. As a result of constant colds, the tonsils expand and do not allow free breathing;
    Narrowness of the pharynx or nasal cavities, elongated uvula, small or receding jaw. All these congenital features must be eliminated, and then special treatment for snoring will not be required;
    Insufficient sleep and fatigue, smoking, alcohol abuse and sleeping pills — these factors reduce the elasticity of the muscles in the mouth;
    Women’s menopause — in this case, snoring is affected by both the withering of the body and neurohormonal changes;
    Diseases of the thyroid gland. As a result, the water-salt balance is disturbed, and edema appears, including that of the tongue and larynx;
    Obesity. Fat deposits in the neck press on the airways.

Snoring in a child

Snoring in a child

Many are sur­prised when a baby makes char­ac­ter­is­tic sounds in a dream. It is worth not­ing that this is nor­mal for new­borns, because their nasal pas­sages are not yet ful­ly formed. In this case, it is nec­es­sary to clean the crusts well in order to facil­i­tate breath­ing. But from the age of 1–2 months, snor­ing in a child is most like­ly caused by oth­er fac­tors. It can be:

    Adenoids or swelling of the tonsils. Increased fabric prevents air flow;
    Obesity. Adipose tissue deposited in the pharynx narrows the lumen for air circulation;
    Congenital structure of the bones of the skull. A small and backwardly displaced jaw affects snoring in a child;
    Long-term respiratory failure can eventually lead to the development of the so-called “bird” face, which is characterized by the narrowness of all bones, clearly defined cheekbones, a hooked nose, and a small lower jaw. In such people, persistent compression of the airways is formed;
    Respiratory infections. The mucous membranes swell and swell, the lymphatic systems are activated, which leads to hypertrophy of the tonsils.

Apnea is a terrible consequence

Apnea is a terrible consequence

Snor­ing is a pre­cur­sor and one of the pri­ma­ry man­i­fes­ta­tions of sleep apnea. If it real­ly is, the patien­t’s rel­a­tives observe the fol­low­ing pic­ture: snor­ing and chest move­ment are abrupt­ly inter­rupt­ed, after which the sleep­ing per­son draws in air heav­i­ly, and then begins to breathe even­ly again.

This process goes like this:

    The muscles of the pharynx are relaxed;
    The airways completely subside, and breathing stops;
    To restore their patency, the brain is activated, which sends an impulse to the muscles of the pharynx;
    Breathing resumes and the brain goes back into sleep mode;
    Everything is repeated anew.

Apnea leads to oxy­gen star­va­tion, which affects the inter­nal organs. In the future, a per­son devel­ops hypox­ia, arrhyth­mias, myocar­dial infarc­tion, and the course of dia­betes mel­li­tus is aggra­vat­ed. Blood pres­sure also ris­es, chron­ic hyper­ten­sion devel­ops, and the risk of stroke increas­es.

In addi­tion, the hor­mon­al bal­ance in the body is dis­turbed, and the per­son begins to quick­ly gain weight, which only aggra­vates the sit­u­a­tion. In men, testos­terone lev­els decrease, which can lead to erec­tile dys­func­tion.

Snoring treatment

Snoring treatment

In order to pre­vent the severe con­se­quences of apnea, it is nec­es­sary to adhere to uni­ver­sal rec­om­men­da­tions:

    Don’t sleep on your back. If the cause of snoring is the retraction of the tongue, you need to sew a pocket on your pajamas between the shoulder blades and put a tennis ball in it;
    Sleep with your head up. This will also eliminate the retraction of the language. This can be achieved in different ways:

- install the bars under the legs of the bed on the side where the pil­low is locat­ed;

- put a sheet of ply­wood under the mat­tress on the oppo­site side;

- Get con­toured pil­lows to ensure the posi­tion of the head.

Do not take sleep­ing pills or seda­tives. Such drugs low­er mus­cle tone, and this, in turn, leads to relax­ation of the air­ways;

    Do not drink alcoholic beverages before bed. They provoke a weakening of the muscles;
    Monitor your weight. Scientists have proven that the lower the weight of a person, the better his sleep;
    Quit smoking. This bad habit leads to the development of chronic inflammation of the trachea and pharynx, which is accompanied by their swelling, and because of this, the treatment of snoring does not work;
    Monitor the patency of the nasal passages. If a person has a cold, vasoconstrictor drugs should be used. In case of chronic congestion (polyps or curvature), it is necessary to consult a specialist and decide on the operation;
    Use special anti-snoring devices.

Depend­ing on the spe­cif­ic cause, snor­ing is treat­ed:

    Laser or cryoplasty of the sky;
    Septoplasty — correction of curvature, removal of tonsils and polyps;
    Physiotherapy and medicines;
    Use of nasal dilator strips;
    CPAP therapy: the use of a special nasal mask connected to a compressor. Thus, air constantly enters the respiratory tract.

Apnea is a seri­ous dis­ease that caus­es a lot of trou­ble. Get­ting rid of this or that cause of snor­ing is nec­es­sary in order to improve the qual­i­ty of human life. This can be done with the help of var­i­ous med­ica­tions and spe­cial means. It is also required to fol­low the rec­om­men­da­tions of the doc­tor.

Oto­laryn­gol­o­gy. Nation­al lead­er­ship. / ed. V.T. Palchu­na - 2014

By Yraa

Leave a Reply