Snoring: surgical options, laser correction

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Accord­ing to doc­tors, approx­i­mate­ly one in three or four adults snore at night. But not every­one even knows about this fea­ture of their body. How­ev­er, pro­gres­sive snor­ing can be quite dan­ger­ous, because it can be accom­pa­nied by peri­od­ic stops in breath­ing and pro­voke a vari­ety of com­pli­ca­tions. Mod­ern advances in med­i­cine allow you to reli­ably treat snor­ing with oper­a­tional meth­ods of expo­sure.

Snoring surgery options

Snoring surgery options

Undoubt­ed­ly, the meth­ods of snor­ing treat­ment direct­ly depend on the caus­es of such an unpleas­ant symp­tom. Sur­gi­cal inter­ven­tion helps to cope with those prob­lems that are impos­si­ble (or extreme­ly dif­fi­cult) to influ­ence by lifestyle changes, drugs or phys­io­ther­a­py meth­ods, etc. In par­tic­u­lar, sur­gi­cal cor­rec­tion can:

    Restore the full form of the nasal septum. This type of surgery is called septoplasty. To date, the nasal septum can be leveled by various methods — with a scalpel, laser, ultrasound and radio waves. It is also practiced to perform a minimally invasive intervention — using endoscopic equipment.
    Eliminate overgrown tissues of the soft palate, vibrating during night rest and causing snoring. This operation is called palatoplasty. Most often, such a manipulation is carried out with the help of laser exposure, it is also possible radio wave removal and direct surgical correction with a scalpel.
    Reduce the volume of soft palate tissue. For this, somnoplasty can be performed — exposure by the method of radiofrequency ablation.
    Remove part of the palatine uvula, which is responsible for the tension and full tone of the soft palate. Such surgery is called uvuloplasty, it is most often performed by minimally invasive techniques — using a laser or radio wave exposure. It is also possible to perform a classic operation with a scalpel. Uvuloplasty can be combined with palatoplasty and sometimes even supplemented with tonsil removal.
    Remove pathological growths and neoplasms in the nasal cavity, for example, polyps. Benign tumors are considered a fairly common cause of snoring.

Only a doc­tor can deter­mine the need for surgery for snor­ing and sug­gest the most opti­mal method of expo­sure. The final choice may depend on the finan­cial capa­bil­i­ties of the patient.

Anti-snoring laser

To date, laser treat­ment of snor­ing is the most pop­u­lar and pro­gres­sive way to quick­ly get rid of this prob­lem. This method of expo­sure is prac­ticed all over the world, as it has a lot of advan­tages:

    Helps eliminate many causes of snoring.
    Has few contraindications.
    It is accompanied by minimal blood loss (the laser cauterizes the vessels, so there is no bleeding).
    Lasts only half an hour (on average).
    Does not require a stay in the inpatient department of the hospital. The patient needs to be under the supervision of specialists only a few hours after the intervention.
    Allows you to quickly recover (within a month). After laser treatment, tissues heal quickly, and there are no cicatricial changes on the mucous membranes, or they are minimal.
    The risk of infection during laser treatment is reduced to a minimum due to the sterility of the operation.
    Does not require general anesthesia. The intervention is performed under local anesthesia.
    It helps to effectively cope with the problem of snoring (but the risk of failure is still present and in some cases reaches 20% — depends on the causes of the pathology).

How­ev­er, it should be borne in mind that the use of a laser against snor­ing still has cer­tain lim­i­ta­tions and may cause unwant­ed side effects. Yes, and such an inter­ven­tion is very, very expen­sive.

Somnoplasty in the treatment of snoring

Somnoplasty in the treatment of snoring

Treat­ment of snor­ing by somno­plas­ty is also con­sid­ered mod­ern and pro­gres­sive. This is a min­i­mal­ly inva­sive inter­ven­tion, dur­ing which you can remove the exces­sive size of the tis­sues of the soft palate. This effect is achieved through the method of radiofre­quen­cy abla­tion, which involves heat­ing tis­sues to mod­er­ate­ly high tem­per­a­tures.

Dur­ing laser treat­ment, the treat­ed areas seem to be evap­o­rat­ed, which is accom­pa­nied by the for­ma­tion of a scar on the mucous mem­branes. Somno­plas­ty only allows to warm up tis­sues with­out evap­o­ra­tion, as a result of which the scar is formed inter­sti­tial­ly, the palate of the patient thick­ens and stops vibrat­ing dur­ing sleep, respec­tive­ly, snor­ing dis­ap­pears.

Somno­plas­ty has a lot of tan­gi­ble advan­tages:

    Takes only 20 min.
    Performed on an outpatient basis (no inpatient treatment).
    Not accompanied by bleeding.
    Not complicated by infection.
    Requires only local anesthesia.
    Allows for very fast recovery. The patient after somnoplasty may be disturbed only by some soreness, which is successfully removed by analgesics.

The somno­plas­ty method is not prac­ticed in every clin­ic and, unfor­tu­nate­ly, can­not help against snor­ing in all cas­es. Some­times (as, for exam­ple, with a devi­at­ed nasal sep­tum), this method of expo­sure will not give any effect.

Contraindications are determined by the doctor

All meth­ods of sur­gi­cal treat­ment of snor­ing have cer­tain con­traindi­ca­tions, they can be described in detail by the attend­ing physi­cian. Even a rel­a­tive­ly safe laser expo­sure can­not be prac­ticed with:

    Pregnancy.
    Children under 18 years of age.
    The presence of any disease in the acute stage.
    The presence of cancerous tumors.
    Uncontrolled gag reflex.
    Thickened tongue.

Doc­tors warn that per­form­ing inter­ven­tions on the soft palate, uvu­la and throat can lead to some changes in the voice (most often tem­po­rary). There­fore, such oper­a­tions are not rec­om­mend­ed for patients whose activ­i­ties are asso­ci­at­ed with active voice work — singers, musi­cians, actors, etc.

Some­times the pres­ence of nico­tine addic­tion, cer­tain den­tal prob­lems, in par­tic­u­lar mal­oc­clu­sion, and oth­er fac­tors are con­sid­ered as a con­traindi­ca­tion to laser treat­ment.

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An oper­a­tion against snor­ing can help to per­ma­nent­ly get rid of an unpleas­ant and even dan­ger­ous pathol­o­gy for health. But the advis­abil­i­ty of per­form­ing an inter­ven­tion should be deter­mined on an indi­vid­ual basis by a qual­i­fied doc­tor.

Septoplasty: new approaches to correcting the nasal septum

Devi­at­ed sep­tal cor­rec­tion: Healthy­in­fo about new ways to per­form sep­to­plas­ty.

By Yraa

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