According to doctors, approximately one in three or four adults snore at night. But not everyone even knows about this feature of their body. However, progressive snoring can be quite dangerous, because it can be accompanied by periodic stops in breathing and provoke a variety of complications. Modern advances in medicine allow you to reliably treat snoring with operational methods of exposure.
Snoring surgery options
Undoubtedly, the methods of snoring treatment directly depend on the causes of such an unpleasant symptom. Surgical intervention helps to cope with those problems that are impossible (or extremely difficult) to influence by lifestyle changes, drugs or physiotherapy methods, etc. In particular, surgical correction can:
Restore the full form of the nasal septum. This type of surgery is called septoplasty. To date, the nasal septum can be leveled by various methods — with a scalpel, laser, ultrasound and radio waves. It is also practiced to perform a minimally invasive intervention — using endoscopic equipment.
Eliminate overgrown tissues of the soft palate, vibrating during night rest and causing snoring. This operation is called palatoplasty. Most often, such a manipulation is carried out with the help of laser exposure, it is also possible radio wave removal and direct surgical correction with a scalpel.
Reduce the volume of soft palate tissue. For this, somnoplasty can be performed — exposure by the method of radiofrequency ablation.
Remove part of the palatine uvula, which is responsible for the tension and full tone of the soft palate. Such surgery is called uvuloplasty, it is most often performed by minimally invasive techniques — using a laser or radio wave exposure. It is also possible to perform a classic operation with a scalpel. Uvuloplasty can be combined with palatoplasty and sometimes even supplemented with tonsil removal.
Remove pathological growths and neoplasms in the nasal cavity, for example, polyps. Benign tumors are considered a fairly common cause of snoring.
Only a doctor can determine the need for surgery for snoring and suggest the most optimal method of exposure. The final choice may depend on the financial capabilities of the patient.
To date, laser treatment of snoring is the most popular and progressive way to quickly get rid of this problem. This method of exposure is practiced all over the world, as it has a lot of advantages:
Helps eliminate many causes of snoring.
Has few contraindications.
It is accompanied by minimal blood loss (the laser cauterizes the vessels, so there is no bleeding).
Lasts only half an hour (on average).
Does not require a stay in the inpatient department of the hospital. The patient needs to be under the supervision of specialists only a few hours after the intervention.
Allows you to quickly recover (within a month). After laser treatment, tissues heal quickly, and there are no cicatricial changes on the mucous membranes, or they are minimal.
The risk of infection during laser treatment is reduced to a minimum due to the sterility of the operation.
Does not require general anesthesia. The intervention is performed under local anesthesia.
It helps to effectively cope with the problem of snoring (but the risk of failure is still present and in some cases reaches 20% — depends on the causes of the pathology).
However, it should be borne in mind that the use of a laser against snoring still has certain limitations and may cause unwanted side effects. Yes, and such an intervention is very, very expensive.
Somnoplasty in the treatment of snoring
Treatment of snoring by somnoplasty is also considered modern and progressive. This is a minimally invasive intervention, during which you can remove the excessive size of the tissues of the soft palate. This effect is achieved through the method of radiofrequency ablation, which involves heating tissues to moderately high temperatures.
During laser treatment, the treated areas seem to be evaporated, which is accompanied by the formation of a scar on the mucous membranes. Somnoplasty only allows to warm up tissues without evaporation, as a result of which the scar is formed interstitially, the palate of the patient thickens and stops vibrating during sleep, respectively, snoring disappears.
Somnoplasty has a lot of tangible advantages:
Takes only 20 min.
Performed on an outpatient basis (no inpatient treatment).
Not accompanied by bleeding.
Not complicated by infection.
Requires only local anesthesia.
Allows for very fast recovery. The patient after somnoplasty may be disturbed only by some soreness, which is successfully removed by analgesics.
The somnoplasty method is not practiced in every clinic and, unfortunately, cannot help against snoring in all cases. Sometimes (as, for example, with a deviated nasal septum), this method of exposure will not give any effect.
Contraindications are determined by the doctor
All methods of surgical treatment of snoring have certain contraindications, they can be described in detail by the attending physician. Even a relatively safe laser exposure cannot be practiced with:
Children under 18 years of age.
The presence of any disease in the acute stage.
The presence of cancerous tumors.
Uncontrolled gag reflex.
Doctors warn that performing interventions on the soft palate, uvula and throat can lead to some changes in the voice (most often temporary). Therefore, such operations are not recommended for patients whose activities are associated with active voice work — singers, musicians, actors, etc.
Sometimes the presence of nicotine addiction, certain dental problems, in particular malocclusion, and other factors are considered as a contraindication to laser treatment.
An operation against snoring can help to permanently get rid of an unpleasant and even dangerous pathology for health. But the advisability of performing an intervention should be determined on an individual basis by a qualified doctor.
Septoplasty: new approaches to correcting the nasal septum
Deviated septal correction: Healthyinfo about new ways to perform septoplasty.