The snoring person in the family is the problem of the whole family. But is it only an unpleasant sound that causes trouble? Of course not. Snoring is a dangerous condition that can lead to various diseases and accidents. Only the treatment of snoring in special medical institutions can give a restful sleep and good health.
The occurrence of snoring
Currently, snoring is regarded as one of the main manifestations of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). Sleep problems have recently received a lot of attention, because it has long been known that poor sleep affects the general state of human health. This problem is dealt with by a branch of medicine called somnology.
Snoring occurs when the upper airways collapse for a short time. At this point, they overlap, and there is a short-term cessation of breathing. At the same time, respiratory movements are preserved, which is accompanied by vibration of the soft tissues of the laryngopharynx and, as a result, a low, rattling unpleasant sound occurs.
The cause of snoring is the special structure of the upper respiratory tract, when the soft palate has a weak tone or the tongue is too long. This may be a congenital feature (there is a version of a hereditary predisposition to snoring), snoring also develops after injuries and operations in the upper respiratory tract or appears with age, when the muscular apparatus of the upper respiratory tract loses its tone.
Snoring in a child most often occurs when the nasal septum is deviated, as well as in pathologies such as adenoids or tonsillitis.
How does snoring affect the quality of life?
If you carefully ask the snorer about his well-being during the day, you can find out how difficult it is for such people. The symptoms are non-specific, and many do not even associate them with impaired breathing during sleep. And campaigns on various experts do not give positive results. These include:
Irritability and anger;
Poor quality of night sleep;
Episodes of high blood pressure;
Violation of the heart rhythm;
Episodes of loss of consciousness;
Men note problems in intimate life.
Of course, these symptoms negatively affect the quality of life of a person. During the working day, this condition does not allow you to concentrate on work, and sudden fainting or bouts of falling asleep are completely life-threatening.
Of particular note are attacks of sudden falling asleep. This is an instantaneous immersion of a person into sleep, which can occur at any time of the day, anywhere. And this state of man is not able to keep under control. In the workplace, it causes ridicule of employees, because such a person can fall asleep at an important meeting or right at the table during lunch. Especially dangerous is the sudden falling asleep at the wheel or near various mechanisms. Such a dream can end with an accident or work injury.
Timely diagnosis and treatment of snoring allow the patient to get rid of not only snoring, but also the above unpleasant symptoms.
The quality of the snorer’s sleep
Healthy human sleep takes place with alternating phases of slow and fast sleep, which make up a cycle and each of these phases lasts a certain time. Snoring with episodes of apnea (stopping breathing) causes the body to wake up. This grossly violates all phases of sleep, which cannot but affect health. First of all, there is poor health. Such patients complain of frequent awakenings at night, in the morning they do not feel rested, often wake up with headaches. During the day, they feel “broken” and tired, increased drowsiness.
During sleep, many important reactions occur in the body. This is the restoration of energy costs, the production of hormones, the rest of the nervous system, etc. For example, a frequent complaint of men who suffer from SES is a decrease in potency. This is due to the fact that as a result of a violation of the sleep phases, there is not enough production of the hormone testosterone.
Snoring and heart disease
Scientists have long noted the connection of snoring with diseases of the heart and blood vessels. There are several mechanisms for the development of cardiovascular pathology in OSAS:
Violation of sleep phases, because, as you know, the activity of the cardiovascular system changes in different phases of sleep. So, in the slow phase, there is a decrease in heart rate and a decrease in blood pressure, in the phase of REM sleep, on the contrary, these indicators increase. Failures in this system lead to disordered work of the cardiovascular system.
Oxygen starvation of tissues as a result of short-term apneas, which for the whole night are quite decent indicators in time.
People who snore are more likely to develop arterial hypertension, arrhythmias, sudden cardiac arrest, and the risk of developing atherosclerosis and chronic heart failure increases. As studies show, timely treatment of snoring can get rid of these diseases without the use of heart drugs — it is enough just to restore breathing during sleep.
What is the danger of snoring in a child?
According to statistics, about 13% of children snore. But these are only confirmed cases. In fact, this percentage is somewhat higher, as many parents underestimate this symptom and do not seek medical attention.
Snoring in a child is far from a harmless condition. It has been found that it can lead to sudden infant death. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children, as in adults, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. And child mortality from cardiovascular diseases has recently been recorded more and more often.
Methods for the diagnosis and treatment of snoring
Snoring is easy to diagnose. If the snorer himself may not always know that he is “playing music” in a dream, then his relatives will certainly report this. Snoring in a child should alert parents and become a reason for going to the doctor. You may need a comprehensive examination (ENT, therapist) to determine the cause of snoring at this age.
OSAS needs to be treated. There are many methods of treatment today. Specialists of the sleep departments select therapy for the patient on an individual basis after the study — polysomnography. This is a comprehensive examination of the patient during sleep, which determines the functional state of many organs: heart, brain, respiratory system, muscles, blood. Polysomnography allows you to assess the severity of the disease, setting the number of respiratory arrests per night and the degree of its impact on the body as a whole. During the study, video surveillance of the patient is carried out.
The “gold standard” for the treatment of OSA is CPAP therapy (CPAP). This is a special device-mask, which must be worn daily at bedtime. The device is constantly supplied with air, which prevents the collapse of the respiratory tract and prevents the development of oxygen starvation of the tissues.
In some cases, surgical methods of treatment can also be used (if indicated), for example, reconstruction of the palate and palatine uvula, removal of adenoids, tonsils, etc.