The main causes of snoring and its prevention

By Yraa #accompanied, #according, #additional, #adipose, #against, #air, #allergic, #although, #amount, #another, #any, #apnea, #appear, #appearance, #attack, #attacks, #background, #become, #becomes, #being, #between, #blood, #Body, #both, #bouts, #breathing, #cardiovascular, #cases, #cause, #caused, #causes, #central, #characteristic, #childhood, #children, #chronic, #common, #condition, #conditions, #constant, #contact, #danger, #decrease, #deficiency, #detail, #developing, #development, #devices, #difficult, #difficulty, #directly, #diseases, #disorder, #done, #Drops, #drowsiness, #due, #each, #earlier, #effect, #effectively, #effort, #efforts, #eliminate, #enough, #especially, #even, #every, #example, #excess, #experience, #experiences, #Face, #fact, #fatigue, #feeling, #food, #form, #formation, #formed, #found, #frequency, #gradually, #greater, #group, #he, #heart, #help, #Helps, #hypertension, #impossible, #include, #increased, #increases, #infectious, #influence, #insufficient, #internal, #itself, #kind, #lead, #leading, #leads, #let, #lies, #look, #low, #makes, #making, #may, #mechanism, #Men, #moment, #mouth, #muscles, #must, #needs, #nervous, #normal, #normally, #occur, #organs, #overweight, #oxygen, #part, #pass, #pathological, #phenomenon, #pillows, #place, #presence, #prevent, #prevents, #principles, #process, #processes, #prone, #put, #reasons, #receive, #receives, #Reduce, #remains, #represented, #respiratory, #result, #rid, #rises, #said, #selected, #serious, #several, #shaped, #sharp, #short, #significant, #signs, #size, #sleep, #slightly, #small, #snoring, #Soft, #some, #special, #specialist, #statistics, #structure, #suffering, #surgical, #symptoms, #system, #systems, #takes, #term, #times, #tissue, #tissues, #tract, #treatment, #type, #under, #very, #vessels, #violation, #voluminous, #weakness, #weight, #who, #Women

Snor­ing is a process that is accom­pa­nied by the appear­ance of rat­tling low-fre­quen­cy sounds in a per­son dur­ing sleep. This phe­nom­e­non can occur in both adults and chil­dren. Although the num­ber of adults who face this prob­lem is sev­er­al times greater. Accord­ing to sta­tis­tics, every fifth per­son suf­fers from snor­ing. At the same time, men are slight­ly more prone to its devel­op­ment than women.

The mech­a­nism of snor­ing is that dur­ing sleep, the soft tis­sues and mus­cles of the orophar­ynx and phar­ynx relax. As a result, they retract, which pre­vents the nor­mal pas­sage of air through the res­pi­ra­to­ry tract. The dan­ger of this process lies in the fact that due to the dif­fi­cult pas­sage of air through the res­pi­ra­to­ry tract, oxy­gen star­va­tion can form. In itself, oxy­gen star­va­tion caus­es a seri­ous blow to all organs and sys­tems of the body, espe­cial­ly the cen­tral ner­vous sys­tem.

Anatomical causes of snoring

Anatomical causes of snoring

Among the main caus­es of snor­ing, the first place is occu­pied by the anatom­i­cal fea­tures of the struc­ture of the phar­ynx and orophar­ynx. These include ade­noids, elon­ga­tion of the pala­tine uvu­la and soft palate, hyper­trophic process­es in the ton­sils, and devi­at­ed sep­tum. Let’s look at each of the rea­sons in more detail.

The most com­mon cause of snor­ing in child­hood and ado­les­cence is the ade­noids. Ade­noids are over­grown lym­phoid tis­sue, which is part of the nasopha­ryn­geal ton­sil. Many rea­sons can lead to the devel­op­ment of a hyper­trophic process. In most cas­es, they are rep­re­sent­ed by a group of infec­tious and aller­gic dis­eases. Due to the fact that the nasopha­ryn­geal ton­sil increas­es in size, the lumen of the orophar­ynx nar­rows. And, as we said ear­li­er, dur­ing sleep, the tis­sues of the orophar­ynx also relax on their own, lead­ing to its nar­row­ing. As a result, it becomes even more dif­fi­cult for air to pass through the res­pi­ra­to­ry tract.

In addi­tion, an increase in oth­er ton­sils of the orophar­ynx can also lead to the devel­op­ment of such a dis­or­der. Very often, under the influ­ence of infec­tious dis­eases, a hyper­trophic process is formed in the pala­tine ton­sils. Due to the fact that they become more volu­mi­nous, the lumen of the orophar­ynx also nar­rows. At the same time, in some cas­es, a very small gap remains for the pas­sage of air. This leads to the fact that the breath­ing process is dif­fi­cult, and in order to breathe, a per­son has to make sig­nif­i­cant efforts, which entails fluc­tu­a­tion of the pha­ryn­geal mus­cles.

The pala­tine uvu­la is a kind of process that extends from the soft palate. Nor­mal­ly, he takes part in the for­ma­tion of sounds dur­ing a con­ver­sa­tion, con­trols the process of swal­low­ing and pre­vents food from being thrown into the nasophar­ynx. In the event that it length­ens, there is a nar­row­ing of the lumen of the orophar­ynx, dif­fi­cul­ty in the pas­sage of air and the devel­op­ment of char­ac­ter­is­tic symp­toms.

Oth­er com­mon caus­es of snor­ing are a devi­at­ed sep­tum and being over­weight. If the nasal sep­tum is devi­at­ed, this entails a nar­row­ing of the nasal pas­sages. In addi­tion, with an irreg­u­lar­ly shaped sep­tum, addi­tion­al nasal con­ges­tion is often found. Snor­ing is the result of a per­son mak­ing an effort to breathe. The devel­op­ment of this dis­or­der with excess weight is explained by the fact that adi­pose tis­sue has a com­pres­sive effect on the air­ways, lead­ing to a decrease in their lumen.

Diseases caused by snoring

As men­tioned ear­li­er, snor­ing is very often the cause of grad­u­al­ly devel­op­ing oxy­gen defi­cien­cy. Against this back­ground, many patho­log­i­cal con­di­tions and dis­eases can appear.

The first is chron­ic fatigue. A per­son com­plains of a feel­ing of con­stant weak­ness and weak­ness. There is a sig­nif­i­cant decrease in per­for­mance and increased drowsi­ness. This is direct­ly relat­ed to the fact that the cen­tral ner­vous sys­tem receives an insuf­fi­cient amount of oxy­gen, which entails the inhi­bi­tion of inhibito­ry process­es in it.

Anoth­er very dan­ger­ous con­di­tion is obstruc­tive sleep apnea. In this case, peri­od­ic short-term ces­sa­tion of breath­ing between bouts of snor­ing is implied. The mech­a­nism of its devel­op­ment lies in the fact that, due to any exter­nal or inter­nal rea­sons, the nar­rowed air­ways close even more, which makes the breath­ing process impos­si­ble. A per­son suf­fer­ing from such a dis­or­der expe­ri­ences con­stant fatigue and weak­ness, in some cas­es he may expe­ri­ence asth­ma attacks.

Under the influ­ence of snor­ing, dis­eases such as hyper­ten­sion, heart attack, stroke and oth­er dis­eases of the car­dio­vas­cu­lar sys­tem can occur. An increase in blood pres­sure in this dis­or­der is due to the fact that the body does not receive the amount of oxy­gen it needs. He reacts to this by a sharp nar­row­ing of blood ves­sels, due to which blood pres­sure ris­es.

Snoring treatment and prevention

Snoring treatment and prevention

The prin­ci­ples of treat­ment are select­ed depend­ing on the cause of snor­ing. In the event that a per­son has an increased body weight, he needs to make efforts to reduce it. If there are any anatom­i­cal defects in the orophar­ynx, for exam­ple, enlarged ton­sils, sur­gi­cal inter­ven­tion is pos­si­ble. In some cas­es, to elim­i­nate this vio­la­tion, it is enough to change the posi­tion of your body dur­ing sleep. For this, spe­cial pil­lows and oth­er devices can be select­ed. In some cas­es, in the pres­ence of res­pi­ra­to­ry dis­eases, vaso­con­stric­tor drops, inhala­tions, and so on can help.

In addi­tion, at the moment spe­cial intra­o­ral means are put into use. These include mouth­guard-type devices and mouth-lobe appli­ca­tors.

To pre­vent this con­di­tion, you should con­tact a spe­cial­ist at the first signs of snor­ing. This must be done so that he estab­lish­es the cause and helps to get rid of it most effec­tive­ly.

By Yraa

Leave a Reply