A bit of history
Camel wool, which relatively recently became available to European consumers, was known in the East hundreds of years ago. Even then it was valued for its exceptional properties, and today it continues to gain popularity, pushing products made from sheep’s wool off the pedestal. Its main advantage is ideal thermoregulation. Camels have to endure both the heat of the day and the desert cold at night. Over the millennia of evolution, their woolen coat has perfectly adapted to harsh conditions, creating a reliable coating, comparable in its properties to a thermos. At the same time, the structure of the pile, and more of the fluff, is strongly crimped, which allows the roving to retain volume after combing and processing.
More about the structure of camel hair
Blankets with various fillings are the main assortment of specialized stores. Products made of camel wool occupy a special place here. Mainly affordable raw materials consist of different thicknesses of long hairs. Coarse and straighter guard hairs and soft, highly crimped down create a porous layer. There is also a division of wool according to the time of its collection and the age of the shorn animal. The most valuable material is the down of small camels. Harsh yarn is spun from the coarse wool of adult animals and whole-welded products are created. According to the characteristics reminiscent of felt.
Collection and processing of wool
After shearing and collecting wool, it is taken to the production in large piles — tightly pressed blocks. The first thing that awaits her at the enterprise is a thorough cleaning and disinfection. It is worth noting that camel hair has a high content of a special fat — lanolin. This substance has an antibacterial effect, preventing pathogenic organisms from developing in the undercoat. During processing, lanolin is retained on the fibers and improves the quality and characteristics of the final product.
All bales come with a mandatory set of documents, which includes:
veterinary certificate confirming the high quality of raw materials;
certificates entitling producers to collect and sell raw wool.
Despite this, the entire batch without fail passes a thorough incoming control. Next, the raw material is mixed, combed out and placed in a layer, rolled into a loose roller.
The choice of materials for covers
For the manufacture of dense, safe and wear-resistant covers, in which the camel wool filler is placed, 100% cotton teak is most often used. It also comes in rolls of large footage and undergoes a mandatory input check for quality and compliance with the accompanying documentation. Much attention is paid to the density of the material, since the service life of the blankets depends on it. It should be at least 140–145g/m2. Small productions can use silk and satin as material for covers.
The blanks cut according to the patterns are sent to the sewing workshop, where semi-finished products are assembled from individual parts. After that, they are filled with filler in the stuffing shop. Stuffing is made in compliance with all technological standards. The craftsmen are especially attentive to the uniform laying of the layer of combed wool.
The last item is the stitch shop. Here the product is stitched and on a quilting machine, using a special hoop, the layers are connected by through stitching according to a predetermined pattern. All production takes place in a semi-automatic mode under the constant supervision of high-level specialists.
Finished products are packaged in their original packaging and prepared for sale.
Features of the production of lightweight models of blankets
Camel wool is used to produce not only warm winter models, but also lighter demi-season options, under which it is not hot even in summer. What distinguishes them from insulated blankets is the thickness of the filler and the composition of the cover material.
Designed for the lightweight range, the fabric is pre-wound on separate bobbins and installed on a multi-needle quilting machine. By layering the material with filler, the unit creates a light and durable double-sided fabric with a symmetrical stitch pattern.
After that, the preliminary cutting of the product and the edging of the edge slices are carried out on a special machine. The finished blanket is once again checked for quality and the absence of marriage and packed in factory packaging. After that, the whole batch is ready to go to the warehouse.