The technological process of making blankets from camel wool

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A bit of history

Camel wool, which rel­a­tive­ly recent­ly became avail­able to Euro­pean con­sumers, was known in the East hun­dreds of years ago. Even then it was val­ued for its excep­tion­al prop­er­ties, and today it con­tin­ues to gain pop­u­lar­i­ty, push­ing prod­ucts made from sheep­’s wool off the pedestal. Its main advan­tage is ide­al ther­moreg­u­la­tion. Camels have to endure both the heat of the day and the desert cold at night. Over the mil­len­nia of evo­lu­tion, their woolen coat has per­fect­ly adapt­ed to harsh con­di­tions, cre­at­ing a reli­able coat­ing, com­pa­ra­ble in its prop­er­ties to a ther­mos. At the same time, the struc­ture of the pile, and more of the fluff, is strong­ly crimped, which allows the rov­ing to retain vol­ume after comb­ing and pro­cess­ing.

More about the structure of camel hair

Blan­kets with var­i­ous fill­ings are the main assort­ment of spe­cial­ized stores. Prod­ucts made of camel wool occu­py a spe­cial place here. Main­ly afford­able raw mate­ri­als con­sist of dif­fer­ent thick­ness­es of long hairs. Coarse and straighter guard hairs and soft, high­ly crimped down cre­ate a porous lay­er. There is also a divi­sion of wool accord­ing to the time of its col­lec­tion and the age of the shorn ani­mal. The most valu­able mate­r­i­al is the down of small camels. Harsh yarn is spun from the coarse wool of adult ani­mals and whole-weld­ed prod­ucts are cre­at­ed. Accord­ing to the char­ac­ter­is­tics rem­i­nis­cent of felt.

Collection and processing of wool

After shear­ing and col­lect­ing wool, it is tak­en to the pro­duc­tion in large piles — tight­ly pressed blocks. The first thing that awaits her at the enter­prise is a thor­ough clean­ing and dis­in­fec­tion. It is worth not­ing that camel hair has a high con­tent of a spe­cial fat — lano­lin. This sub­stance has an antibac­te­r­i­al effect, pre­vent­ing path­o­gen­ic organ­isms from devel­op­ing in the under­coat. Dur­ing pro­cess­ing, lano­lin is retained on the fibers and improves the qual­i­ty and char­ac­ter­is­tics of the final prod­uct.

All bales come with a manda­to­ry set of doc­u­ments, which includes:

    veterinary certificate confirming the high quality of raw materials;
    waybills;
    certificates entitling producers to collect and sell raw wool.

    Despite this, the entire batch with­out fail pass­es a thor­ough incom­ing con­trol. Next, the raw mate­r­i­al is mixed, combed out and placed in a lay­er, rolled into a loose roller.

The choice of materials for covers

For the man­u­fac­ture of dense, safe and wear-resis­tant cov­ers, in which the camel wool filler is placed, 100% cot­ton teak is most often used. It also comes in rolls of large footage and under­goes a manda­to­ry input check for qual­i­ty and com­pli­ance with the accom­pa­ny­ing doc­u­men­ta­tion. Much atten­tion is paid to the den­si­ty of the mate­r­i­al, since the ser­vice life of the blan­kets depends on it. It should be at least 140–145g/m2. Small pro­duc­tions can use silk and satin as mate­r­i­al for cov­ers.

The blanks cut accord­ing to the pat­terns are sent to the sewing work­shop, where semi-fin­ished prod­ucts are assem­bled from indi­vid­ual parts. After that, they are filled with filler in the stuff­ing shop. Stuff­ing is made in com­pli­ance with all tech­no­log­i­cal stan­dards. The crafts­men are espe­cial­ly atten­tive to the uni­form lay­ing of the lay­er of combed wool.

The last item is the stitch shop. Here the prod­uct is stitched and on a quilt­ing machine, using a spe­cial hoop, the lay­ers are con­nect­ed by through stitch­ing accord­ing to a pre­de­ter­mined pat­tern. All pro­duc­tion takes place in a semi-auto­mat­ic mode under the con­stant super­vi­sion of high-lev­el spe­cial­ists.

Fin­ished prod­ucts are pack­aged in their orig­i­nal pack­ag­ing and pre­pared for sale.

Features of the production of lightweight models of blankets

Camel wool is used to pro­duce not only warm win­ter mod­els, but also lighter demi-sea­son options, under which it is not hot even in sum­mer. What dis­tin­guish­es them from insu­lat­ed blan­kets is the thick­ness of the filler and the com­po­si­tion of the cov­er mate­r­i­al.

Designed for the light­weight range, the fab­ric is pre-wound on sep­a­rate bob­bins and installed on a mul­ti-nee­dle quilt­ing machine. By lay­er­ing the mate­r­i­al with filler, the unit cre­ates a light and durable dou­ble-sided fab­ric with a sym­met­ri­cal stitch pat­tern.

After that, the pre­lim­i­nary cut­ting of the prod­uct and the edg­ing of the edge slices are car­ried out on a spe­cial machine. The fin­ished blan­ket is once again checked for qual­i­ty and the absence of mar­riage and packed in fac­to­ry pack­ag­ing. After that, the whole batch is ready to go to the ware­house.

By Yraa

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