The most common symptoms of varicose veins are swelling in the lower part of the legs, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue and fullness in the legs, especially in the evening. Then there is a spider vein, or asterisks on the skin, which are called telangiectasias, neurological disorders occur, such as paresthesias: a feeling of crawling (formication), numbness and tingling. There are a lot of reasons for the development of the disease, from a sedentary lifestyle to the characteristics of the body. Fortunately, there are no fewer methods of treating and preventing the disease.
Remedies for varicose veins work most effectively together with a decrease in the load on the legs, a change in the mode of work and lifestyle. We examined the main groups of drugs and folk methods that help with venous insufficiency and are beneficial in the initial stages.
Rating of the best remedies for varicose veins
Phlebotonic tablets Detralex (Venarus, Flebaven, Phlebodios)
Derived from herbal extracts, these remedies reduce inflammation and tension and relieve the feeling of heaviness in the legs. The main active substances in tablets are most often hesperidin and diosmin. The former can be found in citrus fruits, especially oranges. The second is man-made. Means are applied several times a day during meals. Treatment usually takes several months, in severe cases — a year.
Users in the reviews say that the pills relieve initial symptoms. They reduce the time of passage of blood through the vessels, make the capillaries more stable. Of the shortcomings, a slow action is noted: the effect is felt after a few days, up to a week. They will not help with acute pain. Each drug has side effects, including nausea and vomiting. Before use, you should consult with your doctor. But many pills are allowed at any age, they are prescribed even for pregnant women.
Creams for varicose veins
Creams got to their rightful place due to the quick effect and minimal contraindications. They eliminate the feeling of heaviness and swelling, dull pain. Creams are recommended to be applied in a thin layer and easily rubbed into the legs several times a day. They are most effective when paired with compression underwear or a bandage. The product is quickly absorbed, does not leave a film and greasy marks. The undoubted advantage is the lack of interaction with tablets, they are used in combination. The average course of treatment is 2 weeks, a standard tube contains 40 grams of cream.
Users say that most products can be purchased at a pharmacy or cosmetics department. They most often include natural substances: horse chestnut, lavender, essential oils, field horsetail. However, such creams have a preventive effect, not helping with advanced disease. For example, they are able to strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Most often, doctors combine taking ointments, tablets and other medications.
Anti-inflammatory drugs for varicose veins
They open the top three anti-inflammatory drugs that quickly eliminate pain. The most common example is aspirin, although more effective alternatives have long been available. These drugs reduce the symptoms of inflammation, reduce the temperature. The most potent remedies are able to remove swelling and redness. They are used in short courses, since they do not cure the problem. Most often, a few days are enough to feel the effect. In extreme cases, intramuscular injections are prescribed.
The reviews warn that anti-inflammatory drugs to varying degrees can cause exacerbation of stomach ulcers. Of course, some drugs are safer, but patients with problems with the gastrointestinal tract should consult a doctor. The rest are advised to minimize the consumption of funds, leaving them as a last resort. But they are considered the most effective for suppressing secondary inflammation. Most often they are used for advanced varicose veins.
Clots can clog blood vessels and damage the heart, and with varicose veins, the risk of blood clots is increased. However, the dosage and time of admission is prescribed by the attending physician; it is difficult to find them in free sale. Most have serious side effects and contraindications. For example, patients should be regularly tested to monitor blood clotting.
Drugs are often added to drugs that promote tissue regeneration and improve blood circulation. The standard course lasts 3 weeks, funds are taken several times a day. However, the exact dose is calculated by the phlebologist, since it is impossible to independently determine the required level of blood flow stimulation. These funds will not help cure the disease, but they will prevent complications in the form of thrombosis, relieve pain. In the most advanced cases, they reduce the risk of disability.
Ointments for varicose veins
Among the most effective, we considered ointments that promote healthy blood circulation. Modern preparations contain natural substances and vitamins that restore the skin. Although most ointments in the public domain help only in the initial stages. They give the effect of chill, due to which there is a feeling of lightness. Without a doctor’s prescription, they are often forbidden to use: side effects almost always include dermatitis and allergies. However, this applies to use within 2–3 months. The standard course is several weeks.
Ointments will not be able to cure varicose veins, so the legs will remain in the same form as they were before use. But the symptoms and discomfort will go away. Users in the reviews recommend using the drugs once a day. It is enough to raise your legs higher in the morning, hold it for 15 minutes and apply the remedy.
Compression underwear is the best preventive measure that helps at any stage. Modern seamless tights, socks and stockings practically do not differ from ordinary ones, but they put pressure on the legs in a special way, preventing blood stasis. Veins are most often affected in people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, so they are advised to regularly wear special underwear. Pregnant women have probably heard similar recommendations from doctors. If you pay attention to compression underwear in the first trimester, you can avoid varicose veins.
Stockings and tights are divided into several classes according to the degree of compression and elasticity. However, most of them can only be bought with a doctor’s prescription, as misuse will worsen the situation. For prevention, it is recommended to purchase first-class underwear, which massages the legs a little, keeps them in good shape. Users are advised to visit a special store where the consultant will select the correct size. Otherwise, there will be no effect. The time of use depends on the degree of varicose veins, the standard course takes 6 months. The disadvantages include the high price and problems with daily putting on stockings and tights.
Folk remedies for varicose veins
Folk remedies are an effective addition to treatment. Tinctures, natural gels, teas and ointments thin the blood, reduce its clotting, and strengthen blood vessels. The most popular remedies are blueberries and horse chestnuts. They are often included in common gels and creams that relieve inflammation. Blueberries are recommended to be taken fresh, brew teas. Habitual garlic is also often found in recipes. With regular use, discomfort disappears, the veins become smaller. It is enough to crush the garlic along with the husk, mix it with butter. This compress is applied at night. In the morning, the legs are treated with a gel or cream, a bandage is applied.
Users in the reviews talk about the effectiveness of herbal teas. It is recommended to use St. John’s wort and yarrow. Such infusions are drunk several times a day during the entire period of treatment. A nice bonus is the almost complete absence of contraindications, only individual intolerance to the ingredients. However, traditional medicine is ineffective in treating, only relieving symptoms. Still, it is better to consult a doctor before taking folk remedies, especially during pregnancy.
Contrast baths made from natural products almost instantly reduce discomfort in the legs. The most popular method of application is dipping the feet in basins of hot and cold infusions. Complete the procedure by dousing with slightly warm water. To relieve tension and fatigue, users recommend making baths from nettle, burdock, birch. It is enough to mix all the ingredients, pour boiling water and let it brew for an hour. Then hold your feet in the bath for about 20 minutes. Such funds have a stimulating and tonic effect. However, with dilated veins, only baths with warm and cold water are allowed, hot ones are contraindicated.
Users note that these funds are the most affordable. Chamomile and linden are sold in a pharmacy for a penny, but they help no worse than some creams. They relieve cramps and pain in the legs. However, baths can only relieve symptoms, not cure the disease. With severe malaise, pharmaceutical tablets are most effective. But the baths have no contraindications, all ingredients are freely available.