Any person sometimes has periods when there are many different problems and difficulties: at work, in personal life, with children. And often a misfortune does not come alone, along with problems another one leans on a person — insomnia. After a night without sleep, he gets up tired and overwhelmed, cannot concentrate, work, pay enough attention to children. In this case, in order to calm the disturbed nervous system and avoid sleep disturbances, many doctors recommend taking sedatives.
The drugs of this group enhance the processes of inhibition, weakening the processes of excitation. Thanks to the intake of drugs from this group, sleep becomes deeper, stronger and more refreshing. Against the background of taking these drugs, a person becomes calm, less irritated over trifles.
Sedative or sedative drugs are divided into drugs of plant and chemical origin.
For herbal preparations groups of sedative drugs relate:
rhizomes and roots of valerian,
flowering tops of motherwort grass,
shoots with passionflower grass leaves and others.
To enhance the sedative effect, various essential oils and alkaloids are included in the composition of these drugs. These drugs are available both in the form of tablets and in the form of tinctures.
The fact that the tincture suggests the presence of ethyl alcohol in the composition should alert vehicle drivers. It is better to take tinctures when you have already returned home and do not plan more car trips during the day. For the same reason, tinctures are not indicated for pregnant and lactating women.
It must be remembered that even herbal preparations are not as harmless as they seem, and in case of an overdose they can provoke depression of consciousness, disruption of the nervous system. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the dosage indicated in the instructions for the medical use of the drug.
There are various combination medicines containing both herbs and other active substances that have a sedative effect. Names such as Novopassit, Persen, Gerbion, Passifit are known to many and are sold in pharmacies without a prescription.
Some trace elements also have a sedative effect. For example, one of the best known is magnesium. Preparations, which include magnesium (magnesium sulfate, polymineral complexes), will help a person to more easily endure difficult periods of life, fully relax during a night’s sleep and not be nervous over trifles.
However, sometimes herbal preparations, preparations that include magnesium, do not have the necessary therapeutic effect, and to normalize sleep, the doctor may prescribe drug therapy with more serious drugs (which include bromine, phenobarbital). However, many of these drugs without a prescription cannot be bought at a pharmacy and a specialist must control their intake, so self-medication with them is highly undesirable.
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