Pregnancy is one of the brightest periods in the life of every woman, because at this time the mother constantly takes care of the baby, who is just about to be born. At the same time, this period cannot be called simple, because various failures and complications can occur in the body. One possible complication is varicose veins (varicose veins).
The veins in our body are constantly working, supplying blood to all organs without exception. As soon as the veins expand, the blood supply expands and some areas of the veins begin to accumulate blood, thereby forming varicose veins. Such a complication is not only a cosmetic defect, but also a signal of a significant malfunction in the work of all organs. In addition, during inflammation, blood clots are formed, which can come off at any time, which is a threat to life.
During pregnancy, the risk of developing varicose veins increases significantly. Those women who bear a child for the first time face problems of this kind in 30% of cases, and subsequent pregnancies lead to an even greater risk. This statistic is due to a change in the hormonal background when carrying a baby. In particular, an increase in estrogen levels contributes to the stretching of the veins and the relaxation of the connective tissue. The hereditary predisposition of a woman to this disease also plays a role.
To determine varicose veins, it is enough to evaluate their appearance — the veins turn blue or turn purple, acquire a knotty or serpentine shape, and also begin to protrude above the surface of the skin. The woman is also annoyed by swelling of the legs, pain, fatigue and convulsions.
Almost half of pregnant women in one way or another are faced with manifestations of varicose veins. However, this disease may disappear after pregnancy if there is no hereditary predisposition to it. However, prevention and regular examinations in any case will not hurt. After all, varicose veins are also fraught with complications: trophic ulcers, venous bleeding, deep vein thrombosis or thrombophlebitis of superficial veins. You can avoid them if you take timely preventive measures.
The main preventive measure is to wear comfortable shoes in which the load will be distributed evenly. It is also impossible for pregnant women to stand or sit for a long time, so you should alternate classes. If swelling of the legs occurs, compression stockings or special tights that additionally support the stomach will help. A contrast shower or dousing your feet with cold water will also be an excellent preventive measure. There are also physical exercises that strengthen the veins.
As for medical examinations, a phlebologist deals with the health of the veins. It is he who should be examined by pregnant women with varicose veins. But women in position should not use self-medication.