What can cause excessive sweating during sleep?

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Sweat­ing is a phys­i­o­log­i­cal fea­ture of the body that a per­son needs to nor­mal­ize body tem­per­a­ture. How­ev­er, exces­sive sweat­ing dur­ing a night’s sleep may indi­cate a par­tic­u­lar health prob­lem.

Infectious diseases: tuberculosis

One of the main caus­es of exces­sive sweat­ing at night is res­pi­ra­to­ry dis­eases, in par­tic­u­lar, tuber­cu­lo­sis. Mycobac­teri­um tuber­cu­lo­sis (MBT) caus­es the dis­ease, which, when it enters the body, set­tles in immune cells — macrophages, sup­press­ing their activ­i­ty. In response to this, cytokines begin to be pro­duced in the body. Thus, the ther­moreg­u­la­tion cen­ter is acti­vat­ed, the body tem­per­a­ture ris­es to sub­febrile val­ues, and the per­son sweats.

Now in Rus­sia, tuber­cu­lo­sis is com­mon, which is due, among oth­er things, to high migra­tion. After all, often peo­ple from dis­ad­van­taged regions come to our coun­try. Con­trary to pop­u­lar belief, tuber­cu­lo­sis infec­tion can be con­tract­ed not only in places not so remote, but also in trans­port, ele­va­tors, shops, etc. To diag­nose tuber­cu­lo­sis, you need to take an x‑ray of the lungs. To date, the dis­ease has been suc­cess­ful­ly treat­ed with appro­pri­ate antibac­te­r­i­al drugs.

By the way, in addi­tion to tuber­cu­lo­sis, pro­fuse sweats at night can man­i­fest AIDS — acquired immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy syn­drome, as well as a dis­ease such as bru­cel­losis. Accord­ing to offi­cial fig­ures, about half a mil­lion peo­ple are infect­ed with this dis­ease every year.

Sweating during sleep and menopause

Sweating during sleep and menopause

Exces­sive sweat­ing at night in women can be a sign of the onset of menopause, or menopause.

It is believed that menopause in women begins after the release of the last egg from the ovary. With the onset of menopause, the lev­el of the main female sex hor­mones sharply decreas­es. Sharp fluc­tu­a­tions in estro­gen lead to the fact that the hypo­thal­a­mus, the main cen­ter of reg­u­la­tion, includ­ing tem­per­a­ture, begins to respond to this by increas­ing body tem­per­a­ture. As a result, so-called pour­ing sweats appear. How­ev­er, there is no real need for cool­ing the body, as such.

If a wom­an’s night­time sleep is accom­pa­nied by exces­sive sweat­ing, you should con­sult your gyne­col­o­gist. Hor­mone replace­ment ther­a­py may be indi­cat­ed. Take female sex hor­mones in tablets should be strict­ly pre­scribed by a doc­tor.

In addi­tion, if menopause occurs, it is desir­able to avoid fac­tors that pro­voke an increase in the work of the sym­pa­thet­ic auto­nom­ic ner­vous sys­tem. It is rec­om­mend­ed to stop drink­ing alco­hol, exclude caf­feinat­ed foods, spicy foods from the diet. In the evening, do not give the body intense phys­i­cal activ­i­ty.

By the way, in order to make sleep more com­fort­able, dur­ing menopause, you can sleep on a spe­cial cool­ing pil­low made of a spe­cial mate­r­i­al. To blow on the body dur­ing sleep, you can use a spe­cial bed hair dry­er, which is placed under the sheet, cre­at­ing cool air flows.

cancer: lymphoma

The patien­t’s com­plaints about exces­sive sweat­ing at night may be a sign of a malig­nant lesion of the lym­phoid tis­sue — lym­phoma. As you know, lym­pho­cytes — white blood cells nor­mal­ly destroy all pathogens that enter the body. How­ev­er, in some cas­es, they can degen­er­ate into malig­nant ones. Thus, the cells become non-func­tion­al and cease to per­form their task. Mean­while, they con­tin­ue to secrete medi­a­tors that enter the ther­moreg­u­la­to­ry cen­ter — the hypo­thal­a­mus, caus­ing an increase in body tem­per­a­ture.

The dis­ease is char­ac­ter­ized by an increase in lymph nodes, as well as con­stant ris­es in tem­per­a­ture, result­ing in sweat­ing. Addi­tion­al symp­toms are gen­er­al­ized itch­ing and weight loss. This is a clas­sic man­i­fes­ta­tion of the dis­ease or the so-called symp­toms of B.

To diag­nose the pathol­o­gy, a blood test is required. To date, lym­phogran­u­lo­mato­sis is effec­tive­ly treat­ed.

Heart failure: myocardial infarction

Some­times the appear­ance of cold sweat can indi­cate a myocar­dial infarc­tion. With block­age of blood ves­sels, the heart stops sup­ply­ing blood, and the per­son feels severe pain behind the ster­num. The func­tion of the heart is dis­turbed and the sym­pa­thet­ic ner­vous sys­tem is excit­ed, which leads to increased sweat­ing. There is a def­i­nite cor­re­la­tion between the sever­i­ty of heart attack symp­toms and the degree of sweat­ing. A per­son who has had exten­sive dam­age to the heart mus­cle sweats much more.

In rare cas­es, the reverse sit­u­a­tion occurs, and the patient feels only weak­ness and sweat­ing with­out pain in the heart.

This can hap­pen, for exam­ple, with dia­betes mel­li­tus or tak­ing anal­gesics. An elec­tro­car­dio­gram (ECG) can detect a heart attack.

By the way, endo­cardi­tis, a bac­te­r­i­al inflam­ma­tion of the heart, can also man­i­fest itself at night. Con­comi­tant symp­toms are pain between the shoul­der blades, short­ness of breath, heart rhythm dis­tur­bance.

Thyroid Problems: Hyperthyroidism

Thyroid Problems: Hyperthyroidism

Increased thy­roid func­tion — hyper­thy­roidism can also be man­i­fest­ed by night sweats.

Hyper­thy­roidism pro­duces large amounts of hor­mones that stim­u­late ener­gy pro­duc­tion. This ener­gy, in turn, caus­es an increase in body tem­per­a­ture. To pre­vent the body from over­heat­ing, sweat­ing occurs. To diag­nose the dis­ease, you need to take a blood test for thy­roid hor­mones.

Hyper­thy­roidism is treat­ed with antithy­roid drugs that low­er thy­roid-stim­u­lat­ing hor­mone (TSH) lev­els. Thy­roid func­tion can also be sup­pressed with radioac­tive iodine (I‑131). In some cas­es, they resort to the removal of the organ.

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By the way, var­i­ous med­ica­tions can also pro­voke the appear­ance of sweat­ing dur­ing sleep, for exam­ple, anti­de­pres­sants, drugs for the treat­ment of hyper­ten­sion, migraines, anti­con­vul­sants, etc.

By Yraa

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