Every person experiences sleep problems from time to time, but there should be much more grounds for diagnosing insomnia. Insomnia is indicated by frequent awakenings during the night, problems with falling asleep and waking up, a feeling of superficial sleep, etc. Poor sleep cannot be left unattended, because it worsens health, and your own inactivity is fraught with a loss of time that could be spent on visiting a doctor and treatment of diseases that caused insomnia. What is this about?
Anxiety neurosis as one of the causes of sleep problems
Problems at work or in the family happen to everyone, forcing a person to worry about this and sleep badly. But it is important to differentiate ordinary anxiety and overexcitation from generalized anxiety disorder or anxiety neurosis, since in the latter case, a person needs the help of a specialist. If persistent anxiety, nervousness and tension are observed over a long period of time — several weeks, or even months, this is a reason to see a doctor. Due to the constant nervousness and overexcitation, it is difficult to fall asleep, and if a person wakes up at night, then the fears that torment him do not allow him to fall asleep quickly.
Anxiety neurosis trailer “pulls” other health problems — headaches, muscle tension, tachycardia, sweating, tachypnea, etc. All these signs are also characteristic of coronary heart disease — one of the main causes of death. That is why it is so important not to miss the onset of the disease and seek help from a specialist in time.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Its symptoms, consisting in the reflux of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus, have also been experienced by many in their lives, but not everyone has this disease led to insomnia. Errors in nutrition are the main cause of GERD, when a person abuses fatty, fried, spicy and salty foods, and also overeats. Changing addictions and lifestyle usually solves this problem, but not always. At the same time, unwanted attacks that provoke heartburn most often take a person by surprise in a supine position, including during a night’s rest, when it is easier for the contents of the stomach to penetrate into the upper sections of the digestive tract.
Sharp unpleasant symptoms, as if a strong acid were burning the throat, make the person wake up to drink water or take some medicine. Of course, often repeated attacks deprive the patient of sleep and rest for a long time, but the problem should be solved as soon as possible because the acid that has its destructive effect on the walls of the esophagus can provoke inflammation, increases the risk of developing stomach ulcers and internal bleeding.
When is the thyroid gland to blame for health problems?
The thyroid gland is called the main conductor of the human body, responsible for the course of so many processes. The hormones it produces regulate metabolism, are involved in the restoration of bone tissue, growth and puberty in children. Thyroid problems associated with excessive or insufficient production of thyroid hormones can cause insomnia. In the first case, we are talking about a disease such as hyperthyroidism, in which a person is in a state of constant nervous excitement.
Such excessive activity and activities disrupt natural sleep, because it is more difficult for an overly excitable and unbalanced person to fall asleep, and the quality of night rest is sharply reduced. As for hypothyroidism, with such an ailment, the patient is always in a state of drowsiness, apathy and increased fatigue, but even a long night’s rest does not bring the desired relief and recovery. According to statistics, about half of patients with hypothyroidism develop depression, and with it insomnia. If such health problems are suspected, it is recommended to take an analysis to determine the level of thyroid hormones in the body and, in case of deviation from the norm, consult a doctor to prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Asthma and other bronchopulmonary diseases
If a person wakes up at night to clear his throat, the risk of developing insomnia increases significantly. It is good if the disease is temporary and passes with proper treatment. It is worse if it flows into a chronic form. In particular, chronic bronchitis is the most common chronic non-specific disease of the respiratory system, which can make its own negative adjustments to the usual sleep and rest regimen. Sometimes a person ruins his health with his own hands if he abuses smoking. A long-term bad habit can lead to the development of chronic obstructive bronchitis of a smoker, in which persistent coughing, including at night, is common.
Asthma is another ailment that significantly reduces the quality of life of a sick person, causing difficulty sleeping. Even such a banal phenomenon as snoring can cause apathy, increased fatigue and decreased performance due to apnea — respiratory arrest, oxygen deficiency. Therefore, it is so important to treat respiratory diseases in time and not to ignore snoring, to address this problem to a specialist.
This endocrine disease associated with impaired glucose uptake can also cause insomnia. The thing is that in this condition the patient continuously loses fluid, suffers from excessive urination, and this makes him repeatedly visit the toilet, including at night. It is clear that this leaves its mark on the quality of sleep. There is a similar connection here, as in the case of anxiety neurosis: insomnia can be both a symptom of diabetes and a factor that exacerbates it. Therefore, such health problems cannot be ignored, as well as increased thirst. When such symptoms appear, it is recommended to take an analysis to determine the level of glucose in the blood.
What else can cause insomnia? There are many serious and dangerous diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. Even such a not-so-familiar restless legs syndrome can contribute to the duration and quality of sleep, causing insomnia in 15% of cases.
Neurology. National leadership. / Ed. E.I. Guseva, A.N. Konovalova, A.B. Hecht - 2014