When does sleep disturbance become a reason to make an appointment with a doctor?

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Healthy full sleep is one of the main con­di­tions for well-being, because it is dur­ing sleep that a per­son restores strength. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, some­times, for­get­ting about the needs of a hard-work­ing organ­ism, we pre­fer enter­tain­ment or work to a night’s rest. And we rarely think about the fact that nights with­out sleep can cause the devel­op­ment of seri­ous dis­eases. Why insom­nia should be a rea­son to make an appoint­ment with a doc­tor, we will tell today.

Inadequate sleep and the risk of developing diseases

Good sleep is one of the main points of a healthy lifestyle (HLS). Reduc­ing sleep time makes it prac­ti­cal­ly inef­fec­tive to cleanse the human body of harm­ful sub­stances and fight over­weight. More­over, not only the dura­tion of the night’s rest is impor­tant, but also what time of day a per­son goes to bed. Do you think you can make up for the lack of night sleep and gain strength by sleep­ing dur­ing the day? You are wrong. By the way, if insom­nia inter­feres with nor­mal sleep, think about such an impor­tant event as mak­ing an appoint­ment with a doc­tor. And in order not to sit in long queues under the office, sign up in advance by call­ing +7 (499) 519–32-56.

The force of the habit of work­ing or hav­ing fun at night can­not but have a neg­a­tive impact on health. This threat­ens the appear­ance of weak­ness, chron­ic fatigue. A per­son­’s immu­ni­ty decreas­es, that is, the body becomes more sus­cep­ti­ble to var­i­ous kinds of bac­te­ria and virus­es. A per­son who neglects a night’s rest risks get­ting prob­lems such as dia­betes, hor­mon­al dis­or­ders, car­dio­vas­cu­lar and onco­log­i­cal dis­eases. In addi­tion, dis­rup­tion of bio­log­i­cal rhythms leads to meta­bol­ic prob­lems, as a result of which nightlife lovers may begin to gain weight.

By reduc­ing sleep time, a per­son intro­duces his body into a stress­ful state. And this, in turn, acti­vates the pro­duc­tion of ghre­lin, an insid­i­ous hor­mone that increas­es appetite. And the biggest trou­ble is that you want to eat not only dur­ing the day, but also at night. Do not for­get about the psy­cho­log­i­cal moments of the noc­tur­nal lifestyle. For exam­ple, this is an incor­rect sys­tem of remu­ner­a­tion for over­time work: “I can’t eat any­thing at night, because every­one is sleep­ing, and I, a poor hard work­er, work!”

Depression as a result of reduced sleep time

Depression as a result of reduced sleep time

Reduc­ing the time of sleep at night (or its absence) can­not but affect the state of the human ner­vous sys­tem. And over the years, lack of sleep becomes more and more dan­ger­ous. Already after the age of eigh­teen, such habits of behav­ior lead to tan­gi­ble changes in brain activ­i­ty. So, for exam­ple, if first-year stu­dents, after sleep­less nights spent prepar­ing for the exam, feel fine and pass exams well, then for a uni­ver­si­ty grad­u­ate, a sleep­less night before the exam may end in fail­ure.

Reg­u­lar lack of sleep, late falling asleep and ear­ly ris­es, or, even worse, cas­es of com­plete­ly aban­don­ing a night’s rest in an attempt to fin­ish the work start­ed dur­ing the day, do not have the best effect on a per­son­’s psy­cho­log­i­cal health, increas­ing the like­li­hood of devel­op­ing depres­sion. The rea­son for this con­di­tion is insuf­fi­cient pro­duc­tion of mela­tonin, which entails a vio­la­tion of the entire chain of hor­mon­al process­es, as well as the exchange of neu­ro­trans­mit­ters.

To “dis­able” your ner­vous sys­tem, it is not nec­es­sary not to sleep for months. The diag­no­sis of “exhaus­tion” can be obtained after sev­er­al days of reg­u­lar­ly reduc­ing sleep time or com­plete­ly refus­ing to have a good night’s rest. Try­ing to do more work, for which one has to sac­ri­fice the time of a night’s sleep, a per­son hard­ly thinks about such a thing as chron­ic brain fatigue. Such behav­ioral habits cause a decrease in con­cen­tra­tion and a dete­ri­o­ra­tion in the qual­i­ty of mem­o­ry, slow­ing down the speed of switch­ing and trans­mis­sion of nerve impuls­es. And this, in turn, with a high prob­a­bil­i­ty can pro­voke not only a dete­ri­o­ra­tion in the psy­cho-emo­tion­al state of a per­son (includ­ing the devel­op­ment of depres­sion), but also a notice­able decrease in his work­ing capac­i­ty.

Normal human sleep for the prevention of heart disease

Normal human sleep for the prevention of heart disease

Reduced sleep time forces the body to work to its lim­its, releas­ing hor­mones into the blood­stream and cre­at­ing a huge amount of neu­ro­trans­mit­ters, which is nec­es­sary to main­tain excess wake­ful­ness. As a result, there are changes in the work of the car­dio­vas­cu­lar sys­tem. Prob­a­bly, many have noticed how after a sleep­less night or too short a night’s rest, even with a not too intense load, the heart rate quick­ens, as dur­ing a work­out in the gym. So the overex­ci­ta­tion of the ner­vous and endocrine sys­tems makes itself felt. Sys­tem­at­ic reduc­tion of sleep time often leads to dys­reg­u­la­tion of car­diac activ­i­ty. The best pre­ven­tion of such trou­bles is a full sleep of a per­son. But if it is not always pos­si­ble to pro­vide it, keep the phone of the car­di­ol­o­gy depart­ment of the near­est hos­pi­tal with you.

Hormonal imbalance: making an appointment with an endocrinologist

The appear­ance of pre­ma­ture signs of with­er­ing of the body, ear­ly menopause, hor­mon­al dis­tur­bances, as well as sex­u­al func­tions, patho­log­i­cal changes in the activ­i­ty of the adren­al glands and thy­roid gland are just a short list of prob­lems that may arise as a result of non-com­pli­ance with sleep and wake­ful­ness.

Sci­en­tists have long proved the depen­dence of the activ­i­ty of the endocrine glands on the bio­log­i­cal rhythms of the human body. This is one of the most ancient sys­tems of reg­u­la­tion. And if an exter­nal pro­vok­ing fac­tor (for exam­ple, pro­duc­tion neces­si­ty) inter­feres with the nor­mal bio­log­i­cal rhythm of a per­son, which involves a long time of sleep at night, the endocrine sys­tem of the body tries to adapt to new con­di­tions as quick­ly as pos­si­ble. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, it is not flex­i­ble enough for this. There­fore, it may turn out that some hor­mones will be pro­duced in excess, while oth­ers — in short sup­ply. To restore hor­mon­al bal­ance, first of all, you need a healthy full sleep. Well, if a person’s nor­mal sleep is not always pos­si­ble for some peo­ple, for exam­ple, due to insom­nia, it is rec­om­mend­ed to make an appoint­ment with a som­nol­o­gist.

In some cas­es, the reg­u­lar refusal of night sleep is asso­ci­at­ed with the type of pro­fes­sion­al activ­i­ty of a per­son. For exam­ple, work­ing the night shift. It is espe­cial­ly rec­om­mend­ed for such peo­ple to have their doc­tor’s phone num­ber with them. This will help in case of alarm­ing symp­toms to receive time­ly med­ical care and avoid dan­ger­ous com­pli­ca­tions.

By Yraa

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