Healthy full sleep is one of the main conditions for well-being, because it is during sleep that a person restores strength. Unfortunately, sometimes, forgetting about the needs of a hard-working organism, we prefer entertainment or work to a night’s rest. And we rarely think about the fact that nights without sleep can cause the development of serious diseases. Why insomnia should be a reason to make an appointment with a doctor, we will tell today.
Inadequate sleep and the risk of developing diseases
Good sleep is one of the main points of a healthy lifestyle (HLS). Reducing sleep time makes it practically ineffective to cleanse the human body of harmful substances and fight overweight. Moreover, not only the duration of the night’s rest is important, but also what time of day a person goes to bed. Do you think you can make up for the lack of night sleep and gain strength by sleeping during the day? You are wrong. By the way, if insomnia interferes with normal sleep, think about such an important event as making an appointment with a doctor. And in order not to sit in long queues under the office, sign up in advance by calling +7 (499) 519–32-56.
The force of the habit of working or having fun at night cannot but have a negative impact on health. This threatens the appearance of weakness, chronic fatigue. A person’s immunity decreases, that is, the body becomes more susceptible to various kinds of bacteria and viruses. A person who neglects a night’s rest risks getting problems such as diabetes, hormonal disorders, cardiovascular and oncological diseases. In addition, disruption of biological rhythms leads to metabolic problems, as a result of which nightlife lovers may begin to gain weight.
By reducing sleep time, a person introduces his body into a stressful state. And this, in turn, activates the production of ghrelin, an insidious hormone that increases appetite. And the biggest trouble is that you want to eat not only during the day, but also at night. Do not forget about the psychological moments of the nocturnal lifestyle. For example, this is an incorrect system of remuneration for overtime work: “I can’t eat anything at night, because everyone is sleeping, and I, a poor hard worker, work!”
Depression as a result of reduced sleep time
Reducing the time of sleep at night (or its absence) cannot but affect the state of the human nervous system. And over the years, lack of sleep becomes more and more dangerous. Already after the age of eighteen, such habits of behavior lead to tangible changes in brain activity. So, for example, if first-year students, after sleepless nights spent preparing for the exam, feel fine and pass exams well, then for a university graduate, a sleepless night before the exam may end in failure.
Regular lack of sleep, late falling asleep and early rises, or, even worse, cases of completely abandoning a night’s rest in an attempt to finish the work started during the day, do not have the best effect on a person’s psychological health, increasing the likelihood of developing depression. The reason for this condition is insufficient production of melatonin, which entails a violation of the entire chain of hormonal processes, as well as the exchange of neurotransmitters.
To “disable” your nervous system, it is not necessary not to sleep for months. The diagnosis of “exhaustion” can be obtained after several days of regularly reducing sleep time or completely refusing to have a good night’s rest. Trying to do more work, for which one has to sacrifice the time of a night’s sleep, a person hardly thinks about such a thing as chronic brain fatigue. Such behavioral habits cause a decrease in concentration and a deterioration in the quality of memory, slowing down the speed of switching and transmission of nerve impulses. And this, in turn, with a high probability can provoke not only a deterioration in the psycho-emotional state of a person (including the development of depression), but also a noticeable decrease in his working capacity.
Normal human sleep for the prevention of heart disease
Reduced sleep time forces the body to work to its limits, releasing hormones into the bloodstream and creating a huge amount of neurotransmitters, which is necessary to maintain excess wakefulness. As a result, there are changes in the work of the cardiovascular system. Probably, many have noticed how after a sleepless night or too short a night’s rest, even with a not too intense load, the heart rate quickens, as during a workout in the gym. So the overexcitation of the nervous and endocrine systems makes itself felt. Systematic reduction of sleep time often leads to dysregulation of cardiac activity. The best prevention of such troubles is a full sleep of a person. But if it is not always possible to provide it, keep the phone of the cardiology department of the nearest hospital with you.
Hormonal imbalance: making an appointment with an endocrinologist
The appearance of premature signs of withering of the body, early menopause, hormonal disturbances, as well as sexual functions, pathological changes in the activity of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland are just a short list of problems that may arise as a result of non-compliance with sleep and wakefulness.
Scientists have long proved the dependence of the activity of the endocrine glands on the biological rhythms of the human body. This is one of the most ancient systems of regulation. And if an external provoking factor (for example, production necessity) interferes with the normal biological rhythm of a person, which involves a long time of sleep at night, the endocrine system of the body tries to adapt to new conditions as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, it is not flexible enough for this. Therefore, it may turn out that some hormones will be produced in excess, while others — in short supply. To restore hormonal balance, first of all, you need a healthy full sleep. Well, if a person’s normal sleep is not always possible for some people, for example, due to insomnia, it is recommended to make an appointment with a somnologist.
In some cases, the regular refusal of night sleep is associated with the type of professional activity of a person. For example, working the night shift. It is especially recommended for such people to have their doctor’s phone number with them. This will help in case of alarming symptoms to receive timely medical care and avoid dangerous complications.