Misconception 1. A lump in the mammary gland is a clear sign of a cancerous tumor.
According to statistics, in 80% of cases, a lump in the breast is not evidence of developing cancer. Most often, studies reveal mastopathy, cyst or fibroadenoma — a benign neoplasm.
Misconception 2. Women with small breasts have a reduced risk of breast cancer.
The likelihood of a malignant pathology does not depend at all on the size of a woman’s breasts. Breast cancer develops in the cells of the duct or lobules, the number and structure of which is the same in all women.
Misconception 3. A “good” mammogram is an indicator of the absence of cancer
Mammography may be only part of a comprehensive breast examination. To rule out cancer in a patient, doctors usually prescribe additional diagnostic measures — ultrasound and MRI of the mammary glands. The final diagnosis may also require a second mammogram examination of the woman after some time.
Misconception 4. Malignant neoplasms in the breast do not cause pain
It is not always so. Although manual examination of a cancerous breast is usually a painless procedure, the presence of pain during a doctor’s examination does not mean that the diagnosis of cancer can be 100 percent ruled out. A malignant tumor, as well as healthy tissue, can become inflamed, which usually manifests itself in the appearance of swelling, soreness and redness.
Misconception 5. Hardening in the breast during the period of feeding cannot be a cancerous tumor.
Although breastfeeding is rightly considered a factor in reducing the risk of breast cancer, it is impossible to completely exclude such a possibility. The appeal of a nursing mother to a doctor when she finds a seal in the mammary gland becomes in this case the only right step.
Misconception 6. Taking birth control pills leads to the development of breast cancer
The dosage of hormones in modern contraceptives makes it possible to exclude these drugs from the list of risk factors for cancer. Some studies only suggest a possible increase in this risk if a woman with a genetic predisposition to breast tumors takes the pills.
Misconception 7. Breast cancer cannot occur in a young girl or woman.
Alas, malignant tumors of the mammary glands «do not choose» the age of their potential victims. Although the vast majority of breast cancers are found in women over 50, the relentless statistics show that a third of such diseases occur earlier in life.
Misconception 8. If the bump in the breast is small, the likelihood of cancer is extremely small
The size of seals in the mammary gland is not a determining factor in their safety. Even a small knot in the breast can be a sign of an aggressive form of cancer.
Misconception 9. A lump discovered shortly after a mammogram is not a cause for concern
Even if a mammogram showed the absence of pathologies in the breast tissues, the detection of a bump or node after it has passed is a serious reason to contact a specialist. Due to the characteristics of breast tissue, mammography can not always determine the presence of cancer pathology. Given that cancer can develop rapidly, any delay in visiting a doctor can cost a woman the loss of her breasts or even her life.
Misconception 10. If there were no cases of breast cancer in a woman’s family, then a lump in the gland cannot be cancer
The American Cancer Society claims that more than 85% of women with breast cancer did not and do not have a blood relative with a similar diagnosis. However, the detection of a malignant neoplasm of the breast in a woman may indicate an increased risk of such a disease in her genetic relatives.
The best way to preserve women’s health is to entrust it to a qualified specialist. Timely contacting a doctor in case of alarming suspicions of breast cancer will save you from unfounded fears or allow you to recognize an insidious disease at the very beginning of its development.
Published on 23/01/2015 23:01, updated on 07/09/2022 15:10
Clinical surgery. national guides. / Ed. V.S. Savelyeva, A.I. Kiriyenko — 2013
Surgical diseases. Textbook in 2 volumes / Merzlikin N.V., Alperovich B.I., Tskhai V.F. — 2012
general surgery / Petrov S.V. — 2012
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